Library of Congress
AMES, Adelbert (1835-1933)
Senate Years of Service: 1870-1874

AMES, ADELBERT, (father of Butler Ames and son-in-law of Benjamin Franklin Butler), a Senator from Mississippi; born in Rockland, Knox County, Maine, October 31, 1835; attended the common schools; graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1861; during the Civil War served with the Union Army from 1861 to 1865 as lieutenant, colonel, and brigadier general; breveted colonel; received the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Bull Run; captain in the Fifth Artillery of the Regular Army 1864-1866; lieutenant colonel of the Twenty-fourth United States Infantry from 1866 until 1870, when he resigned; appointed Provisional Governor of Mississippi on March 15, 1868; appointed to the command of the fourth military district (Department of Mississippi) March 17, 1869; upon the readmission of the State of Mississippi to representation was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate, and served from February 23, 1870, until January 10, 1874, when he resigned, having been elected Governor in 1873; chairman, Committee on Enrolled Bills (Fifty-third Congress); Governor of Mississippi from January 4, 1874, until March 29, 1876, when he resigned; moved to New York City and later to Lowell, Mass.; engaged in the flour business, with mills in Minnesota; also interested in various manufacturing industries in Lowell; was appointed brigadier general of Volunteers in the war with Spain 1898-1899; discontinued active business pursuits and lived in retirement in Lowell, Mass.; died at his winter home in Ormond, Fla., April 12, 1933; interment in Hildreth Cemetery, Lowell, Mass.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Several items in the Benjamin Butler papers, 1810-1931.

Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Jackson, MS
Papers: 1870-1929. 4 boxes. Correspondence, proclamations, general and special orders, and portrait. Materials chiefly document service as governor, 1868-1869.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1873-1887. 4 items.

Smith College Library
Northampton, MA
Papers: In the Ames family papers, 1856-1969. 38 feet. Includes congressional, personal, and business correspondence relating in part to military and political events in Mississippi; 800 pages of diaries (1866-1867, 1898); photographs; and memorabilia. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in the Edward Pierrepont papers, 1813-1902.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Harvard Business School, Baker Library, Boston, MA.

  • Ames, Blanche Ames. Adelbert Ames, 1835-1933: General, Senator, Governor. New York: Argosy-Antiquarian, 1964.
  • Ames, Blanche Butler. Chronicles From the Nineteenth Century: Family Letters of Blanche Butler and Adelbert Ames. 2 vols. Clinton, MA: Colonial Press, 1957.
  • Benson, Harry King. "The Public Career of Adelbert Ames, 1861-1876.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia, 1975.
  • Buice, S. David. "The Military Career of Adelbert Ames.'' Southern Quarterly 2 (April 1964): 236-46.
  • Current, Richard N. "The Carpetbagger as Man of Conscience: Adelbert Ames.'' In Three Carpetbag Governors, pp. 67-98. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.
  • Kirshner, Ralph. The Class of 1861: Custer, Ames, and their Classmates after West Point. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.
  • Lemann, Nicholas. Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006.
  • Lord, Stuart B. "Adelbert Ames, Soldier Politician: A Reevaluation.'' Maine Historical Society Quarterly 13 (Fall 1973): 81-97.