Image courtesy Library of Congress
ARTHUR, Chester Alan (1829-1886)

ARTHUR, CHESTER ALAN, a Vice President and 21st President of the United States; born in Fairfield, Franklin County, Vt., October 5, 1829; attended the public schools and graduated from Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., in 1848; became principal of an academy in North Pownal, Vt., in 1851; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1854 and commenced practice in New York City; took an active part in the reorganization of the State militia; during the Civil War, served as acting quartermaster general of the State in 1861; commissioned inspector general, appointed quartermaster general with the rank of brigadier general, and served until 1862; resumed the practice of law in New York City; appointed by President Ulysses Grant as collector of the port of New York 1871-1878; resumed the practice of law in New York City; elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket with President James A. Garfield for the term beginning March 4, 1881; became President of the United States upon the death of President Garfield on September 19, 1881; took the oath of office on September 20, 1881, and served until March 3, 1885; returned to New York City where he died November 18, 1886; interment in the Rural Cemetery Albany, N.Y.

  • Dehler, Gregory J. Chester Alan Arthur: The Life of a Gilded Age Politician and President. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2007.
  • Howe, George. Chester A. Arthur: A Quarter-century of Machine Politics. 1935. Reprint. New York: F. Ungar and Co., 1957.
  • Karabell, Zachary. Chester Alan Arthur. New York: Times Books, 2004.
  • Reeves, Thomas C. Gentleman Boss: The Life of Chester Alan Arthur. New York: Knopf, 1975.
  • Schwartz, Sybil. "In Defense of Chester Arthur." Wilson Quarterly 2 (Autumn 1978): 180-184.