AXTELL, Samuel Beach (1819-1891)

AXTELL, SAMUEL BEACH, a Representative from California; born near Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio, October 14, 1819; attended the local schools and Oberlin College; was graduated from Western Reserve College, Hudson, Ohio; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1843 and commenced practice in Mount Clemens, Mich.; went to California in 1851 and engaged in mining in Amador County; prosecuting attorney of Amador County 1854-1860; moved to San Francisco in 1860 and practiced law; elected as a Democrat to the Fortieth and Forty-first Congresses (March 4, 1867-March 3, 1871); was not a candidate for renomination in 1870; affiliated with the Republican Party during the administration of President Grant; appointed Governor of Utah Territory in 1874 and subsequently, in 1875, transferred to the office of Governor of the Territory of New Mexico; chief justice of the supreme court of the Territory of New Mexico from August 1882 until his resignation May 25, 1885; engaged in the practice of law in Santa Fe, N.Mex.; at the time of his death was counsel of the Southern Pacific Railroad Co. and chairman of the Republican Territorial committee; died while on a visit to Morristown, Morris County, N.J., August 6, 1891; interment in First Presbyterian Church Cemetery.

The Huntington Library
Western Historical Manuscripts
San Marino, CA
Papers: 1868, 1 letter.
A letter from Samuel B. (Samuel Beach) Axtell to Theodore F. Dwight, written on March 11, 1868. In the letter, Axtell speaks highly of Dwight's family, saying "The name of Dwight is also one which always challenges respect." He writes that he encloses a speech, but the speech is not included with the letter.


Stanford University
Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries
Stanford, CA
Papers: In the William C. Ralston papers, ca. 1870-1890, 5 linear feet.
Persons represented include Samuel Beach Axtell. A finding aid is available in the Special Collections Reading Room.


Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library for Special Collections, Manuscript Collections
Syracuse, NY
Papers: In the Collis Potter Huntington papers, 1791-1904, 105 linear feet.
Correspondents include Samuel Beach Axtell. An unpublished guide is available in the repository.


University of New Mexico
Zimmerman Library
Albuquerque, NM
Papers: In the William A. Keleher papers 1714-1999, 26.4 cubic feet.
Correspondents include Samuel Beach Axtell.

  • Rasch, Philip J. "Exit Axtell: Enter Wallace." New Mexico Historical Review 32 (July 1957): 231-45.