Library of Congress
BACON, Augustus Octavius (1839-1914)
Senate Years of Service: 1895-1914

BACON, AUGUSTUS OCTAVIUS, (cousin of William S. Howard), a Senator from Georgia; born in Bryan County, Ga., October 20, 1839; attended the common schools in Liberty and Troup Counties; graduated from the literary department of the University of Georgia at Athens in 1859 and from its law department in 1860; admitted to the bar in 1860 and commenced practice in Atlanta, Ga.; entered the Confederate Army at the beginning of the Civil War and served during the campaigns of 1861 and 1862 as adjutant of the Ninth Georgia Regiment in the Army of Northern Virginia; subsequently commissioned captain in the Provisional Army of the Confederacy and assigned to general staff duty; at the close of the war resumed the practice of law in Macon, Ga.; member of the State house of representatives 1871-1886, serving as speaker pro tempore for two terms and as speaker eight years; president of the Democratic State convention in 1880; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1894; reelected by state legislature in 1900, 1906, and became the first U.S. Senator elected by popular vote following ratification of the 17th Amendment, on July 15, 1913, and served from March 4, 1895, until his death; served as President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress; chairman, Committee on Engrossed Bills (Sixtieth and Sixty-first Congresses), Committee on Private Land Claims (Sixty-first and Sixty-second Congresses), Committee on Foreign Relations (Sixty-third Congress); died in Washington, D.C., February 14, 1914; funeral services were held in the Senate Chamber; interment in Rose Hill Cemetery, Macon, Ga.

Bulk of papers were destroyed in 1942.

Atlanta History Center

Atlanta, GA
Papers: Miscellaneous papers in the Joseph Mackey Brown papers, 1846-1921.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 30 letters (19 by Bacon, 11 to him), chiefly from his years in the Senate, scattered among 4 collections. Also correspondence in the George Gilman Smith papers, 1835-1956; and the William Greene Raoul papers, 1878-1897.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 2 letters.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts
Athens, GA
Papers: Correspondence in William J. Harris papers, 1905-1916.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1853-1879. 2 items and 3 volumes. Diaries kept as a student, military officer, and politician, and 2 letters. Microfilm.

  • Jones, R.L. "Senator A.O. Bacon, Champion of the Constitutional Division of Powers.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 14 (September 1930): 202-13.
  • Mellichamp, Josephine. "Augustus O. Bacon.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 189-92. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.
  • Steelman, Lala Carr. "The Public Career of Augustus Octavius Bacon.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1950.
  • ___. "Senator Augustus O. Bacon, Champion of Philippine Independence.'' In Essays in Southern Biography, edited by Joseph F. Steelman, et al., pp. 91-113. East Carolina College Publications in History, vol. 2. Greenville, NC: Department of History, East Carolina College, 1965.
  • U.S. Congress. Augustus O. Bacon (Late a Senator From Georgia). 63d Cong., 3d sess., 1914-1915. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1915.
  • Ward, Judson C. "Augustus Octavius Bacon and Joseph E. Brown: An Exchange of Letters.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 26 (Winter 1982-1983): 65-67.
  • Wynne, Lewis N. "New South Rivalry in the 1880s: Gordon versus Bacon.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 27 (Winter 1983-84): 41-55.