Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
BAER, John Miller (1886-1970)

BAER, JOHN MILLER, a Representative from North Dakota; born at Black Creek, Outagamie County, Wis., March 29, 1886; attended the public schools; was graduated from Lawrence University, Appleton, Wis., in 1909; moved to Beach, Golden Valley County, N.Dak., in 1909; engaged as a civil engineer and in agricultural pursuits 1909-1915; also furnished cartoons and articles to newspapers 1909-1917; postmaster of Beach, N.Dak., 1909-1915; elected as a Republican to the Sixty-fifth Congress by special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Representative Henry T. Helgesen, and reelected to the succeeding Congress (July 20, 1917-March 3, 1921); chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture (Sixty-sixth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Sixty-seventh Congress in 1920; resumed activities as a cartoonist and journalist; died in Washington, D.C., February 18, 1970; interment in Gate of Heaven Cemetery, Silver Spring, Md.

North Dakota State University Libraries
North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies
Fargo, ND
Papers: 1917-1976, 18 items.
The John Miller Baer Collection contains copies of research material relating to him, collected by Bill G. Reid, North Dakota State University professor. Included is correspondence, periodical articles, and news clippings and information relating to John Baer's affiliation with the National Nonpartisan League.

Papers: In the Dugald H. McArthur papers, 1886-1925, 0.4 linear foot.
The papers date from Dugald McArthur's time when private secretary to Congressman John M. Baer and Senator Edwin F. Ladd, thus much deals with their careers, particularly Ladd. Includes correspondence and speeches (both typed and handwritten), although authorship not always clear.

Papers: In the Martin O. Thompson papers, 1906-1948, 3 linear feet.
Correspondents include John M. Baer.


Georgetown University Library
Special Collections
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Editorial Cartoon Collection, n.d., 1.25 linear feet.
Cartoonists represented include John Baer.


State Historical Society of North Dakota
State Archives
Bismarck, ND
Papers: 1920, 5 copies.
A speech on flood control for the Red River Valley given to the US House of Representatives by the Honorable John M. Baer.


Syracuse University Libraries
Special Collections Research Center
Syracuse, NY
Papers: In the John Miller Baer cartoons, 1920-1963, 2.6 linear feet.
The John Miller Baer Cartoons are comprised of 94 original, undated political cartoons primarily from the 1920s to the early 1940s. The populist political sentiment in Baer's cartoons is paramount as he typically depicted the plight of the average American worker or farmer affected by the negative influence of corruption. The cartoons are signed "John Baer" (some are signed "John Baer for Labor"). For some cartoons there is more than one version and several contain notes and sketches on the back. Materials used include illustration board, ink and pencil. Dimensions vary; the majority measure at least 16" x 20."


University of North Dakota
Department of Special Collections
Grand Forks, ND
Papers: ca. 1918-1923, approximately 2 linear feet.
The John M. Baer Papers contain newspaper articles on John Baer's story into and out of Congress, facts about him, and some of his cartoons. The collection also contains original cartoons drawn by John Baer for various publications. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.


University of Virginia Library
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Cartoons of John Miller Baer, ca. 1924-1940, 10 art originals.
The cartoons created by John Miller Baer include the following subjects: the labor movement, isolationism, Harry Hopkins and Mussolini.

  • Reid, Bill G. "John Miller Baer: Nonpartisan League Cartoonist and Congressman." North Dakota History 44 (Winter 1977): 4-13.