BAKER, Howard Henry, Jr. (1925-2014)

BAKER, HOWARD HENRY, JR., (son of Howard Henry Baker, stepson of Irene Bailey Baker, son-in-law of Everett Dirksen, and husband of Nancy Landon Kassebaum), a Senator from Tennessee; born in Huntsville, Scott County, Tenn., November 15, 1925; attended Tulane University, New Orleans, La., and University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn.; graduated from the University of Tennessee Law College 1949; served in the United States Navy 1943-1946; admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1949 and commenced practice; unsuccessful candidate for election to the U.S. Senate in 1964; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1966; reelected in 1972 and again in 1978, and served from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1985; did not seek reelection; minority leader 1977-1981; majority leader 1981-1985; unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in 1980; lawyer in Washington, D.C.; awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on March 26, 1984; chief of staff to President Ronald Reagan 1987-1988; U.S. Ambassador to Japan, 2001-2005; died on June 26, 2014; interment in the churchyard cemetery at First Presbyterian Church, Huntsville, Tenn..

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 33 audiotapes (1970-1979) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Gerald R. Ford Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Howard S. Liebengood papers, 1950-1982 (bulk 1973-1981). 15.2 linear feet. Chiefly representing numerous aspects of his work for Baker in the Senate. Includes correspondence, memoranda, reports, trip material, research items, speeches, campaign material, legislative proposals, notebooks, clippings, and photographs. Topics include the scope of the CIA and the FBI, the renewed investigation into the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Korean influence buying scandal ("Koreagate''), ABSCAM scandal, the scandal concerning Billy Carter's ties to Libya, the Strategic Arms Limitation treaty, the Panama Canal treaties, and Watergate. Written permission of Howard S. Liebengood needed for access. Finding aid.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In the Lorraine Rowan Cooper papers, 1936-1983. Finding aid.

U.S. Senate
Historical Office
Washington, DC
Oral History: Discussed in interview (March 20-May 6, 1985) with William F. Hildenbrand, Secretary of the Senate, 347 pages.

University of Oregon
Knight Library
Eugene, OR
Papers: Correspondence in the Tom Anderson papers, 1943-1986. Finding aid.

University of Tennessee
Modern Political Archives
Knoxville, TN
Papers: In Howard and Irene Baker papers, 1933-1965. 49.5 linear feet. Chiefly congressional papers, including legislative files, correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, clippings, speeches, and bills. Particular emphasis on material relating to the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Atomic Energy Commission, and on the national tax structure. Finding aid.
Papers: 1964-1987. 326 cubic feet. Chiefly congressional papers, including legislative files, political files, correspondence, memos, invitations, press files, clippings, photographs, motion picture film, audio and video tape, microfilm, computer records, and memorabilia. Primarily from Baker's three terms in the Senate (1967-1984) but also includes his scheduling and speech file (1985-1987), presidential campaign materials (1980 and 1988), leadership files, Watergate Committee materials, and key issue area files such as the Panama Canal and SALT II Treaties. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in the Hugh Scott papers, 1925-1983. Finding aid.

  • Adams, Michael Fred. "A Critical Analysis of the Rhetorical Strategies of Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr., in his 1972 Campaign for Re-Election.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1973.
  • Annis, J. Lee, Jr. Howard Baker: Conciliator in an Age of Crises. Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1994.
  • ___. "Howard H. Baker, Jr.: A Public Biography.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Ball State University, 1985.
  • Baker, Howard. Big South Fork Country. Photography by Howard Baker and John Netherton. Nashville: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993.
  • ___. Howard Baker's Washington: An Intimate Portrait of the Nation's Capital City. New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1982.
  • ___. No Margin For Error: America in the Eighties. New York: Times Books, 1980.
  • ___. "The View From Both Ends of the Avenue.'' Presidential Studies Quarterly 20 (Summer 1990): 489-92.
  • Myers, Stacy Colin. "Howard Baker: A Rhetoric of Leadership.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 1973.
  • U.S. Congress. Senate. Tributes to the Honorable Howard H. Baker, Jr., of Tennessee in the United States Senate, Upon the Occasion of His Retirement from the Senate. 98th Cong., 2d sess., 1984. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1984.