Library of Congress
BANKHEAD, John Hollis II (1872-1946)

BANKHEAD, JOHN HOLLIS II, (son of John Hollis Bankhead, brother of William Brockman Bankhead, and father of Walter Will Bankhead), a Senator from Alabama; born on a farm near Old Moscow, Lamar County, Ala., July 8, 1872; attended the public schools; graduated from the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa in 1891 and from the law department of Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., in 1893; admitted to the bar in 1893 and commenced practice in Jasper, Ala.; served in the Alabama National Guard with rank of major 1901-1903; member of the State house of representatives 1904-1905; president of the Bankhead Coal Co. 1911-1925; trustee of the University of Alabama 1917-1919 and 1931-1946; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1930; reelected in 1936 and 1942 and served from March 4, 1931, until his death in the United States Naval Hospital, Bethesda, Md., on June 12, 1946; chairman, Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation (Seventy-fifth through Seventy-ninth Congresses); interment in Oak Hill Cemetery, Jasper, Ala.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1880-1947. 8 cubic feet. Chiefly personal correspondence and correspondence with constituents, much relating to New Deal, agriculture, and farm tenancy; speeches; campaign records; press releases; scrapbooks; and photographs. Many Senate files were destroyed when Bankhead died. Also includes biographical and genealogical records, clippings, scrapbooks, and portrait. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Clippings on Bankhead's life and career in the William B. Bankhead papers, 1875-1952; photographs in the Alabama State Chamber of Commerce directors' photograph collection, ca. 1937-ca. 1940; business correspondence in the Thomas W. Crow papers, 1918-1922; correspondence, subject files, patronage files in Bankhead's secretary Charles B. Crow papers, 1920-1949; in the Wheeler family papers, 1809-1943; Oscar Wilder Underwood papers, 1876-1962; Frank Murray Dixon papers, 1924-1965; Durr family papers, 1868-1968; Clifford J. Durr papers, 1899-1976; and in the autobiography of Warren S. Reese, 1936-1937, which is particularly rich in materials related to state and national politics including John H. Bankhead Sr. and Jr.

Auburn University
Auburn, AL
Papers: 1 foot correspondence between Bankhead and Farm Bureau officials concerning legislation in Alabama Farm Bureau Federation records, 1922-1980. Finding aid. Restricted.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Gregor Athalwin Ziemer papers, 1929-1945. Finding aid.

  • Bowers, Thomas A. "The Bankhead Bill: How a Threatened Press Subsidy Was Defeated.'' Journalism Quarterly 53 (Spring 1976): 21-27.
  • Key, Jack Brien. "John H. Bankhead, Jr. of Alabama: The Conservative as Reformer.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1966.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of John Hollis Bankhead 2d, Late a Senator from Alabama. 80th Cong., 1st sess., 1947. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1949.
  • Watson, Elbert L. "John Hollis Bankhead, Jr.'' In Alabama United States Senators, pp. 124-26. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1982.