Library of Congress
BARD, Thomas Robert (1841-1915)

BARD, THOMAS ROBERT, a Senator from California; born in Chambersburg, Franklin County, Pa., December 8, 1841; attended the common schools; graduated from the Chambersburg Academy in 1858; studied law, but before completing his studies secured a position with the Pennsylvania Railroad Co., later becoming assistant to the superintendent of the Cumberland Valley Railroad; engaged in the grain business at Hagerstown, Md.; during the early part of the Civil War served as a volunteer Union scout during the invasions of Maryland and Pennsylvania by the Confederates; moved to Ventura County, Calif., in 1864; member of the board of supervisors of Santa Barbara County 1868-1873; laid out the town of Hueneme; one of the commissioners appointed to organize Ventura County in 1871; director of the State board of agriculture 1886-1887; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1899, and served from February 7, 1900, to March 3, 1905; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1904; chairman, Committee on Fisheries (Fifty-seventh Congress), Committee on Irrigation (Fifty-eighth Congress); died at his home, "Berylwood," in Hueneme, Ventura County, Calif., March 5, 1915; interment in the family cemetery on his estate.

California State University, Chico
Library, Special Collections
Chico, CA
Papers: Material on Bard in the Sacramento Valley Sugar Company records, 1905-1963. Finding aid.

Henry E. Huntington Library
San Marino, CA
Papers: 1866-1958. Ca. 50,000 items. Letters, including 9 bound volumes and 33 letterbooks, and documents, including 114 account books, pertaining to the Union Oil Company, its subsidiaries, and other enterprises; local and national politics from 1870 to 1915; the development of Ventura County; and business papers (1909-1958) of the Quimichis Colony, an American financed agricultural company in Nayarit, Mexico, of which Richard Bard (son of Thomas) was president. Finding aid.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: Correspondence in the Horace Davis papers, 1865-1915; James Carson Needham papers, 1893-1936; and the Alice M. Rose collection (1900-1943) of correspondence and reports of personal interviews relating to the origins of the Lincoln-Roosevelt Republican League.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA
Papers: Ca. 1871-1905. Ca. 20 items. Letters and miscellaneous papers, including material on the Republican League of California, and biographical information. Also letters in several other collections.

  • Hutchinson, William Henry. Oil, Land, and Politics: The California Career of Thomas Robert Bard. 2 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965.
  • Hyer, Joel R. "'It Was My Duty to Protect the Indians': Senator Thomas R. Bard and the Removal of the Cupenos from Warner's Ranch." Journal of the West 46 (Fall 2007): 28.
  • Westergaard, Waldemar. "Senator Bard and the Arizona-New Mexico Statehood Controversy.'' Annual Publications of the Historical Society of Southern California 11 (1919): 9-17.