Library of Congress
BIGLER, William (1814-1880)

BIGLER, WILLIAM, a Senator from Pennsylvania; born in Cumberland County (now Spring Township, Perry County), Pa., on January 1, 1814; attended the public schools and was tutored by older brother John Bigler; in 1829 was apprenticed to the printing trade; moved to Clearfield, Clearfield County, Pa., in 1833 and established the Clearfield Democrat; engaged in the lumber business; member, State senate 1841-1847, twice serving as speaker; elected Governor in 1851 and served one term; president, Philadelphia and Erie Railroad; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term commencing March 4, 1855, caused by failure of the legislature to elect and served from January 14, 1856, to March 3, 1861; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Engrossed Bills (Thirty-sixth Congress), Committee on Patents and Patent Office (Thirty-sixth Congress), Committee on Commerce (Thirty-sixth Congress); member of the constitutional convention of Pennsylvania, 1873; member of the board of finance of the Centennial Exposition in 1876; died in Clearfield, Pa., August 9, 1880; interment in Hillcrest Cemetery.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in the Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg papers, 1805-1847, on 11 microfilm reels.

Dickinson College Library
Carlisle, PA
Papers: 1858-1873. 4 letters.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: Correspondence in Haldeman family papers, 1801-1885.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1836-1880. 6 linear feet. Correspondence, speeches, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, accounts, and family papers reflecting political and social trends in Pennsylvania and the United States. Subjects include the slavery question, Kansas-Nebraska bill, efforts to maintain the Union, and economic conditions after the Civil War. Additional correspondence in the Pennsylvania governors' correspondence, 1778-1904. Portrait.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1859, 1860. 2 letters.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 45 items of political correspondence (1842-1843, 1848-1861, 1863-1864, 1867, 1873, 1875, 1878) contained in various collections. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1852-1859. 3 items.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885.

  • Armor, William C. Lives of the Governors of Pennsylvania. Norwich, CT: T. H. Davis & Co., 1874.
  • Sobel, Robert. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States: 1789-1978. Vol. III. (Westport, CT: Meckler Books, 1978).