Library of Congress
BINGHAM, Hiram (1875-1956)

BINGHAM, HIRAM, (father of Jonathan Brewster Bingham), a Senator from Connecticut; born in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 19, 1875; educated at Punahou School and Oahu College, Hawaii, 1882-1892, Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 1892-1894, Yale University 1894-1898, University of California at Berkeley 1899-1900, and Harvard University 1900-1905; professor of history and politics at Harvard and then Princeton Universities; South American explorer, credited with the discovery of the Incan ruins at Machu Picchu; delegate to the First Pan American Scientific Congress at Santiago, Chile, in 1908; captain, Connecticut National Guard 1916; became an aviator in the spring of 1917; organized the United States Schools of Military Aeronautics in May 1917; served in the Aviation Section, Signal Corps, and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel; commanded the flying school at Issoudun, France, from August to December 1918; lieutenant governor of Connecticut 1922-1924; elected Governor of Connecticut on November 4, 1924 but served only briefly; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate on December 16, 1924, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Frank B. Brandegee in the term ending March 3, 1927; reelected in 1926 and served from January 8, 1925, to March 3, 1933; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932; chairman, Committee on Printing (Seventieth Congress), Committee on Territories and Insular Possessions (Seventieth through Seventy-second Congresses); censured by the Senate in 1929 on charges of placing of a lobbyist on his payroll; appointed a member of the President's Aircraft Board by President Calvin Coolidge 1925; engaged in banking and literary work in Washington, D.C.; during the Second World War, lectured at naval training schools 1942-1943; chairman of the Civil Service Commission's Loyalty Review Board 1951-1953; died in Washington, D.C., June 6, 1956; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in Albert Giesecke interview.

Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford, CT
Papers: 3 letters and 1 photograph. Library of Congress Manuscript Division Washington, DC
Papers: 1924-1933. 300 items. Concern Sino-Japanese War. Yale University Libraries

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Bingham family papers, 1811-1972. 48 linear feet. Includes correspondence, subject files and writings pertaining to his academic career, his South American explorations, and his political career. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In the Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (bulk 1892-1958); Hiram Bingham papers, 1907-1957, on 1 microfilm reel, of selected correspondence with officers of the Hispanic Society of America; William Adams Delano papers, 1902-1960 (bulk 1939-1960); Yale Peruvian Expedition (1911) papers, 1908-1948; Edwin Montefiore Borchard papers, 1910-1950; Jack Randall Crawford papers, 1889-1951; Samuel Waldron Lambert papers, 1821-1939 (bulk 1923-1939); the Dwight Macdonald papers, 1865-1984 (bulk 1920-1978); Arthur Clarence Walworth papers, 1919-1989; Yale University president's office, Arthur Twining Hadley records, 1899-1921; the Charles Augustus Lindbergh papers, 1830-1987 (bulk 1911-1974) (access by permission); George Dudley Seymour family papers, 1684-1944; and the Michael Merideth Hare papers, 1935-1968. Finding aid.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: American Irish Historical Society, New York, NY; Syracuse University, Manuscript Collections, Syracuse, NY; and Johns Hopkins University Special Collections, Baltimore, MD.

  • Bingham, Alfred M. Portrait of an Explorer: Hiram Bingham, Discoverer of Machu Picchu. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1989.
  • ___. "Raiders of the Lost City.'' American Heritage 38 (July/August 1987): 54-64.
  • Bingham, Hiram. Across South America: An Account of a Journey from Buenos Aires to Lima by Way of Potosi, with notes on Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. New York: Da Capo Press, 1976 (1911).
  • ___. An Explorer in the Air Service. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1920.
  • ___. Elihu Yale, The American Nabob of Queen Square. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1939.
  • ___. Inca Land: Explorations in the Highlands of Peru. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1922.
  • ___. In the Wonderland of Peru: The Work Accomplished by the Peruvian Expedition of 1912, under the auspices of Yale University and the National Geographic Society. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1913.
  • ___. Lost City of the Incas: The Story of Machu Picchu and Its Builders. 1948. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.
  • ___. Machu Picchu, a Citadel of the Incas. 1930. Reprint. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1979.
  • ___. The Ancient Incas: Chronicles from National Geographic. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999.
  • ___. The Monroe Doctrine: An Obsolete Shibboleth. New York: Da Capo Press, 1976 (1913).
  • Bingham, Woodbridge. Hiram Bingham: A Personal History. Boulder: Bin Lan Zhen Publishers, 1989.
  • Karnes, Thomas L. "Hiram Bingham and his Obsolete Shibboleth.'' Diplomatic History 3 (Winter 1979): 39-57.
  • Miller, Frank L. Char, IV. Fathers and Sons: The Bingham Family and the American Mission. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982.