BROOKE, Edward William, III (1919-2015)
Senate Years of Service: 1967-1979

BROOKE, EDWARD WILLIAM, III, a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Washington, D.C., October 26, 1919; attended the public schools of Washington, D.C.; graduated from Howard University, Washington, D.C., in 1941; graduated, Boston University Law School 1948; captain, United States Army, infantry, with five years of active service in the European theater of operations; chairman of Finance Commission, city of Boston 1961-1962; elected attorney general of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1962; reelected in 1964; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1966; reelected in 1972 and served from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1979; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1978; first African American elected to the Senate by popular vote; lawyer; awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on June 23, 2004; awarded the Congressional Gold Medal on July 1, 2008, for recognition of his service to the nation; was a resident of Coral Gables, Fla, until his death on January 3, 2015; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

Boston University
Boston, MA
Papers: 1960-1973. 17 letters.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 18 audiotapes (1968-1974) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Gerald R. Ford Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Harvard University
Law School Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Lawrence Graham Brooks papers, 1897-1981; and Walter Barton Leach papers, 1920-1971. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1961-1988. 273.6 linear feet. Includes attorney general of Massachusetts and senatorial papers. Chiefly correspondence with constituents, legislative correspondence, project files, subject files, legislation files, press and public relations materials, speeches, campaign materials, political files, and photographs. Restricted.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 1968-1969. 6 letters.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in the Ozeline Wise papers, 1854-1988; Margaret Perea McCane papers, 1952-1983; Mary Gibson Hundley papers, 1910-1985; Elisabeth Woodbridge Morris Hogan papers, 1971-1976; Harriet Louise Hardy papers, 1910-1984 (bulk 1924-1980); and Martha May Eliot papers, 1898-1979.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Athens, GA
Oral history: 1971. 5 pages. Limited reminiscences of Russell.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in the Margaret Smith Warden papers, 1944-1987; and Elly Peterson papers, 1961-1985. Finding aid.

Wayne State University
Walter P. Reuther Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Ofield Dukes papers, 1964-1969.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: State University of New York, Poetry and Rare Books, Buffalo, NY; and University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, VA

  • Brooke, Edward. Bridging the Divide: My Life. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2007.
  • ___. The Challenge of Change: Crisis In Our Two-Party System. Boston: Little, Brown Co., 1966.
  • Cutler, John Henry. Ed Brooke: Biography of a Senator. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1972.
  • Hartshorn, Elinor C. "The Quiet Campaigner: Edward W. Brooke in Massachusetts.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, 1973.
  • Office of History and Preservation, Office of the Clerk, Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2007. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008.