Library of Congress
BROWN, Joseph Emerson (1821-1894)

BROWN, JOSEPH EMERSON, a Senator from Georgia; born in the Pickens District of South Carolina April 15, 1821; moved to Georgia; attended Calhoun Academy in South Carolina; taught school; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1845 and later graduated from the Yale Law School; returned to Georgia and commenced practice in 1846; member, State senate 1849; judge of the superior court of the Blue Ridge circuit in 1855; Governor of Georgia 1855-1865, when he resigned; chief justice of the supreme court of Georgia 1865-1870, when he resigned and accepted the presidency of the Western Atlantic Railroad Co.; appointed and subsequently elected in 1880 as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John B. Gordon; reelected in 1885 and served from May 26, 1880, until March 3, 1891; not a candidate for reelection; died in Atlanta, Ga., November 30, 1894; interment in Oakland Cemetery.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: A dispatch regarding occupation of Ft. Pulaski in Alabama governor record book containing miscellaneous records of the governors, 1835-1863.

Atlanta History Center
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1846-1891. Ca. 1 foot. Correspondence (1857-1865); account books (1846-1856, 1871-1877); correspondence, minutes, and stock transfers (1876-1892) of Dade Coal Company, and other business records; and reprint of speeches, pamphlets, and financial records.
Additional Papers: In Ladies Memorial Association records, 1882-1977; Mary Spalding scrapbooks, 1868-1952; Western and Atlantic Railroad minutes, 1870-1890; and Buckhead Fifty Club records, 1934-1980.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1853-1928. 350 items and 1 microfilm reel. Includes state commissions and contracts, correspondence (1861-1882), and miscellaneous articles and speeches. Microfilm contains 246 letters (1863-1928) to and from Brown and his family. Originals in private hands.
Additional Papers: 71 letters (1858-1873) in the Alexander Stephens papers; 34 letters (1863-1864) in the Aaron Wilber papers; and 28 items in 12 other collections. Finding aids.

Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Gubernatorial papers.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 1856-1881. 12 items. Letters and a paper by Brown.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (November 27, 1861) in Ray D. Smith Civil War collection; and 1 letter (January 1, 1862) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1705-1940.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1861, 1862, 1864. 3 letters.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1877-1881. 2 items.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts
Athens, GA
Papers: 1853-1940s. Ca. 1,319 items. Includes political and personal correspondence (bulk 1866-1884), family papers, and 54 scrapbooks, photographs and portrait. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence, scrapbooks, photos, and other papers, relating to politics, particularly in Reconstruction Georgia in Brown family papers, 1837-19--; and items in Charles M. Brown collection; Felix Hargrett collection; Joseph Mackey Brown papers; and Telamon Cuyler collection.

  • Collins, Bruce W. "Governor Joseph E. Brown, Economic Issues, and Georgia's Road to Secession, 1857-59.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 71 (Summer 1987): 189-225.
  • Escott, Paul D. "Joseph E. Brown, Jefferson Davis, and the Problem of Poverty in the Confederacy.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 61 (Spring 1977): 59-71.
  • Fielder, Herbert. A Sketch of the Life and Times and Speeches of Joseph E. Brown. Springfield, MA: Press of Springfield Printing Co., 1883.
  • Hall, Mark. "Alexander H. Stephens and Joseph E. Brown and the Georgia Resolutions for Peace.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 64 (Spring 1980): 50-63.
  • Hay, Thomas Robson. "Joseph Emerson Brown.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 13 (June 1929): 89-109.
  • Hettle, Wallace T. "An Ambiguous Democrat: Joseph Brown and Georgia's Road To Secession. The Georgia Historical Quarterly 81 (Fall 1997): 577-592.
  • Hill, Louise Biles. Joseph E. Brown and the Confederacy. 1939. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972.
  • Lanier, Doris. "Joe Brown and Pumpkin Pie: Bill Nye's Sketch.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 30 (Summer 1986): 83-86.
  • McMurry, Richard M. "Joseph E. Brown of Georgia.'' Civil War Times Illustrated 10 (November 1971): 30-39.
  • Mellichamp, Josephine, "Joseph E. Brown.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 169-77. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.
  • Niven, Alexander C. "Joseph E. Brown, Confederate Obstructionist.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 42 (September 1958): 233-57.
  • Parks, Joseph H. Joseph E. Brown of Georgia. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.
  • Roberts, Derrell C. "Joseph E. Brown and His Georgia Mines.''Georgia Historical Quarterly 52 (September 1968): 285-92.
  • ___. Joseph E. Brown and the Politics of Reconstruction. University, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1973.
  • ___. "Joseph E. Brown and the Western Atlantic Railroad.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 29 (Spring 1985): 5-40.
  • Spears, Leola. "The Senatorial Career of Joseph E. Brown.'' Master's thesis, University of Georgia, 1954.
  • Speer, Emory. "Joseph E. Brown of Georgia: Baccalaureate Address Commencement of Mercer University, Macon, Georgia, June 7, 1905." Atlanta: Foote & Davies Co., Printers and Binders, 1905.
  • _____. Lincoln, Lee, Grant, and other Biographical Addresses. New York: Neale Publishing Company, 1909.
  • Ward, Judson C. "Augustus Octavius Bacon and Joseph E. Brown: An Exchange of Letters.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 26 (Winter 1982-1983): 65-67.
  • Wynne, Lewis N. "The Bourbon Triumvirate: A Reconsideration.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 24 (Summer 1980): 39-55.