Library of Congress
BURNSIDE, Ambrose Everett (1824-1881)
Senate Years of Service: 1875-1881

BURNSIDE, AMBROSE EVERETT, a Senator from Rhode Island; born in Liberty, Ind., May 23, 1824; attended a seminary at Liberty and Beach Grove Academy; graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1847; served in the Mexican and Indian wars; resigned in 1852 to manufacture a breech-loading rifle of his own invention; moved to Illinois, and was appointed treasurer of the Illinois Central Railroad in 1858; during the Civil War entered the Union Army in 1861 as colonel; commanded a brigade at the first Battle of Bull Run; commissioned brigadier general and major general and resigned in 1865; Governor of Rhode Island 1866-1868; during a visit to Europe in 1870 acted as mediator between the French and the Germans then at war; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1874; reelected in 1880 and served from March 4, 1875, until his death in Bristol, R.I., September 13, 1881; chairman, Committee on Education and Labor (Forty-fifth Congress), Committee on Foreign Relations (Forty-seventh Congress); interment in Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, R.I.

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Springfield, IL
Papers: Correspondence in Lewis Baldwin Parsons papers, 1656-1908.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: In the Thomas Nast scrapbook of the Civil War, 1861-[ca.1885]; and ca. 25 items in various collections include political, personal and war-related correspondence. Also portrait.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: In the Frank S. Brockett collection, 1773-1890; and the William Sprague papers, 1861-1871.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: In the Ransom F. Sargent Civil War papers.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: References in Oliver S. Coolidge papers, 1861-1864. Finding aid.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Charles Greely Loring papers, 1768, 1813-1883. Finding aid.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in the Desmond Fitzgerald papers, 1857-1903.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Gibson-Getty-McClure families papers, 1777-1926; and 1 autograph, no date.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 6 items (1863-1878) in various collections. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1872-1878. 5 items.

Rhode Island Historical Society
Providence, RI
Papers: 1861-1881. 3 feet. Also portraits and photographs.

U.S. Military Academy Library
West Point, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Lucia Chauncey Porter papers, 1853-1917.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections including Lawrence O'Bryan Branch papers, 1840-1862, on microfilm. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In the S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938.

  • Cullen, Joseph P. " `The very Beau Ideal of a Soldier': A Personality Profile of Ambrose E. Burnside.'' Civil War Times Illustrated 16 (August 1977): 4-10, 38-39.
  • Edwards, Knight. "Burnside: A Rhode Island Hero.'' Rhode Island History 16 (January 1957): 1-23.
  • Marvel, William. Burnside. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
  • Morton, Julia Jenkins. "Trusting to Luck: Ambrose E. Burnside and the American Civil War.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Kent State University, 1992.
  • Poore, Ben: Perley. The Life and Public Services of Ambrose E. Burnside, Soldier--Citizen--Statesman. Providence: J.A. & R.A. Reid, 1882.
  • Thomas, Donna. "Ambrose E. Burnside and Army Reform, 1850-1881.'' Rhode Island History 37 (February 1978): 3-13.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Ambrose E. Burnside (a Senator From Rhode Island). 47th Cong., 1st sess., 1881-1882. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1882.