BYRD, Harry Flood (1887-1966)
Senate Years of Service: 1933-1965

BYRD, HARRY FLOOD, (father of Harry Flood Byrd, Jr., and nephew of Henry De La Warr Flood and Joel West Flood), a Senator from Virginia; born in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, W.Va., June 10, 1887; moved with his parents to Winchester, Va., in 1887; attended the public schools and Shenandoah Valley Academy at Winchester, Va.; entered the newspaper publishing business in 1903 and became publisher of the Winchester (Va.) Star; also engaged extensively in agricultural pursuits near Berryville, Va., in 1906, specializing in growing and storing apples and peaches; president of the Valley Turnpike Co. 1908-1918; member, State senate1915-1925; State fuel commissioner in 1918; was elected chairman of the Democratic State committee in 1922; Governor of Virginia 1926-1930; Democratic National committeeman 1928-1940; was appointed March 4, 1933, and subsequently elected on November 7, 1933, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Claude A. Swanson; reelected in 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, and 1964, and served from March 4, 1933, until his resignation November 10, 1965; chairman, Committee on Rules (Seventy-seventh through Seventy-ninth Congresses), Committee on Finance (Eighty-fourth through Eighty-ninth Congresses), Joint Committee on the Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures (Seventy-seventh through Eighty-ninth Congresses), Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation (Eighty-fourth through Eighty-ninth Congresses); died in Berryville, Va., October 20, 1966; interment in Mount Hebron Cemetery, Winchester, Va.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Charles Pollard Olivier papers, 1915-1962. Finding aid.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: 1975. 273 leaves. Discussed in interview with Virginius Dabney. Name index. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Warren Jay Vinton papers, 1932-1969. Finding aid.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: Correspondence with labor union official, of Richmond, in Chester A. Arthur papers, 1915-1962. Finding aid.

George C. Marshall Research Foundation Library
Lexington, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Frank McCarthy papers, 1941-1949.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Donaldson Brown papers, 1921-1966; Crawford Greenewalt papers, 1928-1968 (bulk 1942-1968), restricted; and J. Howard Pew papers, 1902-1971, restricted.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Henry DeLaWarr Flood Papers, 1870-1921; and Harold Hitz Burton papers, 1896-1964. Finding aid.

Nebraska State Historical Society
Lincoln, NE
Papers: Correspondence in Guy Euclid Reed papers, 1909-1959.

Old Dominion University
Norfolk, VA
Papers: Material on 1952 Byrd-Miller senatorial primary in Forrest P. White papers, 1952-1963; and material on massive resistance policy in Allie Edward Stokes Stephens papers, 1949-1961. Finding aid.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Madison, WI
Papers: In Alexander Wiley papers, 1913-1967.

University of Kentucky Libraries
Special Collections and Archives
Lexington, KY
Papers: Correspondence in Frederick Moore Vinson papers, 1907-1953. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1911-1965. 250 feet. Family, business, and political correspondence, speeches and statements, financial and business papers, articles, 575 political cartoons, scrapbooks, clippings, and memorabilia. Chiefly office files from election to Virginia state senate through service in U.S. Senate. Includes Flood family papers (1900-1935) and personal papers (1907-1925) of Richard E. Byrd. Finding aid. Some restrictions.
Additional Papers: Miscellaneous items in at least 100 other collections, including Lewis Preston Collins papers, 1862-1952 (bulk 1918-1952); Paul Brandon Barringer papers, 1828-1963; Holladay family papers, 1760-1949 (bulk 1820-1936); Marvin J. Menefee papers, 1861-1982 (bulk 1914-1982); Robert H. Angell papers, 1896-1981; Dabney family papers, 1879-1972; Benjamin Muse papers, 1934-1966; John Lee Pratt papers, 1920-1970; Louis Spilman papers, 1947-1970; campaign materials in Lloyd Campbell Bird papers, 1918-1972; Everett Randolph Combs papers, 1932-1957; Edward Griffith Dodson papers, 1871-1969; and Walter S. Copeland papers, 1907-1954 (bulk 1907-1928). Finding aid.

University of Virginia
School of Law Archives
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence concerning Dobie's appointment to federal bench in 1939 in Armistead Mason Dobie papers, 1902-1963. Finding aid.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Undetermined quantity in various collections and photographs.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence (1923-1935) in E. Griffith Dodson papers, 1923-1956; Andrew Jackson Montague papers, 1854-1938; and Frederick William Sievers papers, 1907-1969.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Brown University, John Hay Library, Providence, RI; Cornell University Libraries, Ithaca, NY; Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; and University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

  • Ferrell, Henry C., Jr. "The Role of Virginia Democratic Party Factionalism in the Rise of Harry Flood Byrd, 1917-1923.'' In Essays in Southern Biography, edited by Joseph F. Steelman, et al., pp. 146-66. East Carolina College Publications in History, vol. 2. Greenville, NC: Department of History, East Carolina College, 1965.
  • Hall, Alvin L. "Politics and Patronage: Virginia's Senators and the Roosevelt Purges of 1938.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 82 (July 1974): 331-50.
  • Hatch, Alden. The Byrds of Virginia. New York: Holt, Rinehart Winston, 1969.
  • Hawkes, Robert Thomas, Jr. "The Career of Harry Flood Byrd, Sr., To 1933.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia, 1975.
  • ___. "The Emergence of a Leader: Harry Flood Byrd, Governor of Virginia, 1926-1930.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 82 (July 1974): 259-81.
  • Heinemann, Ronald L. " `Harry Byrd for President': The 1932 Campaign.'' Virginia Cavalcade 25 (Summer 1975): 28-37.
  • ___. Harry Byrd of Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996.
  • Henriques, Peter R. "The Byrd Organization Crushes a Liberal Challenge, 1950-1953.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 87 (January 1979): 3-29.
  • Koeniger, A. Cash. "The New Deal and the States: Roosevelt versus the Byrd Organization in Virginia.'' Journal of American History 68 (March 1982): 876-96.
  • Sweeney, James R. "Byrd and Anti-Byrd: The Struggle for Political Supremacy in Virginia, 1945-1954.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 1973.
  • ___. "Harry Byrd: Vanished Policies and Enduring Principles.'' Virginia Quarterly Review 52 (Autumn 1976): 596-612.
  • ___. "Revolt in Virginia: Harry Byrd and the 1952 Presidential Election.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 86 (April 1978): 180-95.
  • ___. "Whispers in the Golden Silence: Harry F. Byrd, Sr., John F. Kennedy, and Virginia Democrats in the 1960 Presidential Election.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 99 (January 1991): 3-44.
  • Tarter, Brent. "A Flier on the National Scene: Harry F. Byrd's Favorite-Son Presidential Candidacy of 1932.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 82 (July 1974): 282-305.
  • Wilkinson, J. Harvie, III. Harry Byrd and the Changing Face of Virginia Politics, 1945-1966. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1968.