Library of Congress
CAMERON, Simon (1799-1889)
Senate Years of Service: 1845-1849; 1857-1861; 1867-1877

CAMERON, SIMON, (father of James Donald Cameron), a Senator from Pennsylvania; born in Maytown, Lancaster County, Pa., March 8, 1799; apprenticed as a printer; newspaper owner and editor; cashier of a bank, president of two railroad companies, and adjutant general of Pennsylvania; elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Buchanan, and served from March 13, 1845, to March 3, 1849; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1857, to March 4, 1861, when he resigned, having been appointed Secretary of War; chairman, Committee on Patents and the Patent Office (Twenty-ninth Congress), Committee on Public Buildings (Twenty-ninth Congress), Committee on District of Columbia (Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congresses), Committee on Printing (Thirtieth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1860; Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President Abraham Lincoln 1861-1862; United States Minister to Russia 1862; was again elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1867; reelected in 1873, and served from March 4, 1867, until his resignation, effective March 12, 1877; chairman, Committee on Agriculture (Fortieth and Forty-first Congresses), Committee on Foreign Relations (Forty-second through Forty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Forty-second Congress); retired from active business pursuits and traveled extensively in Europe and the West Indies; died near Maytown, Lancaster County, Pa., June 26, 1889; interment in Harrisburg Cemetery, Harrisburg, Pa.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg papers, 1805-1847, on 11 microfilm reels.

Dickinson College Library
Carlisle, PA
Papers: 1831-1889. 45 letters.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Charles Russell Lowell letterbook, 1861.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In the Henry Algeron du Pont papers, 1843-1926.

Historical Society of Dauphin County
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 1824-1892. 4,100 items. Correspondence and documents. Available on 10 microfilm reels. Finding aid. Also photographs, portraits, and memorabilia.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Miscellaneous letters in various collections including Simon Gratz collection, 1800-1879; Felton papers, 1839-1920 (bulk 1839-1889, 1916-1920); James Moore Swank papers, 1785-1898 (bulk 1785, 1871-1898); Jonathan Roberts memoirs, 1799-1830; John Harris collection, 1687-1915; Lewis S. Caryell correspondence, 1806-1867; Salmon P. Chase papers, 1775-1868 (available on microfilm); James Buchanan papers, 1775-1868; Edwin Sydney Stuart papers, 1886-1905; John C. Boyd correspondence, 1819-1849; Biddle family papers, 1688-1883; Samuel Calvin papers, 1837-1870; and MacVeagh family papers, 1850-1950.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 3 letters (May 28, 1849; February 4, 1861; undated) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1705-1940.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1738-1889 (bulk 1860-1880). 12 linear feet. Correspondence, reports, speeches, maps, financial records, newspapers, and newspaper clippings relating to his financial affairs, term as secretary of war, the Civil War, service as minister to Russia and in the U.S. Senate, and retirement years. Available on 22 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Papers: Correspondence in Miles-Cameron family papers; Frederick West Lander papers, 1836-1894; Joseph Holt papers, 1817-1895; and on 10 microfilm reels of Cameron papers in the Historical Society of Dauphin County, Harrisburg, PA. Also Cameron's autograph album, 1845-1847.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Edwin Denison Morgan papers, 1830-1872; and Autographs of American authors and statesmen collection, ca. 1770-1865.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 10 microfilm reels of originals (1824-1892) in Historical Society of Dauphin County. Finding aid.
Papers: 49 items (1830, 1834-1835, 1844, 1852-1853, 1861, 1864, 1869, 1871, 1873, 1878, 1882, 1887-1888) of political and business correspondence contained in various collections including United States Army, Pennsylvania Light Artillery Regiment, Battery B records, 1861-1865. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 5 items (1833-1874); and 2 letters (August 1, 1860 and May 22, 1866) and 1 document (August 17, 1861) in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

U.S. Army Military History Institute
Department of the Army
Carlisle Barracks, PA
Papers: In Cameron family papers, 1854-1894. 13 albums of correspondence, newspaper clippings, and election tally sheets concerning the life and times of Simon Cameron and his son James Donald Cameron.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 47 letters by and 27 to Cameron (1847-1881) in various collections. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 10 microfilm reels of originals (1824-1892) in Historical Society of Dauphin County, Harrisburg, PA; and 22 microfilm reels of originals (1738-1919) in Library of Congress.
Papers: Correspondence in R.D. Mussey papers, 1847-1892; James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967 (bulk 1819-1890); and Edwards Pierrepont papers, 1813-1902.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Brown University, Providence, RI; Cornell University Libraries, Ithaca, NY; Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY; New York State Archives, Albany, NY; Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA; Rosenbach Museum and Library, Philadelphia, PA; Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI; and University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK.

  • Bradley, Erwin Stanley. Simon Cameron, Lincoln's Secretary of War. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1966.
  • Crippen, Lee Forbes. Simon Cameron, Ante-Bellum Years. 1942. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1972.
  • Evans, Frank B. Pennsylvania Politics, 1872-1877: A Study in Political Leadership. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1966.
  • Harrison, Robert. "Blaine and the Camerons: A Study in the Limits of Machine Power.'' Pennsylvania History 49 (July 1982): 157-75.
  • Kelley, Brooks M. "A Machine is Born: Simon Cameron and Pennsylvania, 1862-1873.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1962.
  • ___. "Simon Cameron and the Senatorial Nomination of 1867.'' Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 87 (October 1963): 375-92.
  • Klein, Philip S. "Simon Cameron 1799-1889.'' In Pennsylvania Kingmakers, edited by Robert G. Crist, pp. 2-23. Pennsylvania History Studies no. 15. University Park: Pennsylvania Historical Association, 1985.
  • McNair, James Birtley. Simon Cameron's Adventure in Iron, 1837-1846. Los Angeles: n.p., 1949.
  • Page, Elwin Lawrence. Cameron for Lincoln's Cabinet. Boston: Boston University Press, 1954.
  • Pindell, Richard. "He Would Steal?'' Civil War Times Illustrated 29 (May/June 1990): 46-53.
  • Stewart, John D., II. "The Deal for Philadelphia: Simon Cameron and the Genesis of a Political Machine, 1867-1872.'' Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 77 (Hilarymas 1973): 41-56.
  • ___. "The Great Winnebago Chieftan: Simon Cameron's Rise to Power, 1860-1867.'' Pennsylvania History 39 (January 1972): 20-39.