CAMPBELL, Jacob Miller (1821-1888)

CAMPBELL, JACOB MILLER, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born at ``White Horse,'' near Somerset, Allegheny Township, Somerset County, Pa., November 20, 1821; moved with his parents to Allegheny City, Pa., in 1826; attended the public schools; learned the art of printing in the office of the Somerset Whig; later was connected with a magazine-publishing company in Pittsburgh and with leading newspapers in New Orleans, La.; engaged in steamboating on the lower Mississippi River 1814-1847 and in gold mining in California in 1851; aided in the building of the Cambria Iron Works in Johnstown, Pa., in 1853, and was employed by that company until 1861, when he resigned; delegate to the first Republican National Convention at Philadelphia in 1856; served in the Union Army as first lieutenant and quartermaster of Company G, Third Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry; recruited the Fifty-fourth Regiment of Infantry and was commissioned its colonel February 27, 1862; brevetted brigadier general March 13, 1865; returned to Johnstown, Pa.; surveyor general (later secretary of internal affairs) of Pennsylvania 1865-1871; declined a renomination; engaged in mechanical and other industrial pursuits; elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1879); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1878 to the Forty-sixth Congress; elected to the Forty-seventh, Forty-eighth, and Forty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1881-March 3, 1887); chairman, Committee on Manufactures (Forty-seventh Congress); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1886; financially interested in banking and in the manufacture of steel; chairman of the Republican State convention in 1887; died in Johnstown, Cambria County, Pa., September 27, 1888; interment in Grand View Cemetery.

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Springfield, IL
Papers: In the Military officer correspondence, 1866-1904, 12 items.
Correspondents include Jacob M. Campbell.

West Virginia University Library
West Virginia and Regional History Collection
Morgantown, WV
Papers: ca. 1796-1888, 2 linear feet.
The papers of Jacob M. Campbell contain military orders, telegrams, correspondence, lists of Confederate deserters, ordnance and quartermaster returns, and a personal diary of Colonel Campbell, commander of the Fifty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers which operated along the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Cumberland, Maryland, and Martinsburg, West Virginia. Subjects include civilian-military relations; guerrilla activities of John D. Imboden, the Ringgold Raiders, and the McNeill's Rangers; treatment of Confederate sympathizers; fighting in the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1864; and military operations in the Eastern panhandle of West Virginia.