CAPPER, Arthur (1865-1951)
Senate Years of Service: 1919-1949

CAPPER, ARTHUR, a Senator from Kansas; born in Garnett, Anderson County, Kans., July 14, 1865; attended the common schools; learned the art of printing and subsequently became a newspaper reporter; owner and publisher of the Topeka Daily Capital, Capper's Weekly, Capper's Farmer, the Household Magazine, and other publications; owner of two radio stations; president of the board of regents, Kansas Agricultural College 1910-1913; founded The Capper Foundation, Topeka, Kans., in 1920; unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Kansas in 1912; Governor of Kansas 1915-1919; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1918; reelected in 1924, 1930, 1936, and again in 1942 and served from March 4, 1919, to January 3, 1949; was not a candidate for renomination in 1948; chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture (Sixty-sixth Congress), Committee on Claims (Sixty-seventh and Sixty-eighth Congresses), Committee on District of Columbia (Sixty-ninth through Seventy-second Congresses), Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (Eightieth Congress); returned to Topeka, Kans., and continued publishing business; died in Topeka, Kans., December 19, 1951; interment in Topeka Cemetery.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: In the Lenore Marshall papers, 1887-1980. Restricted.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966 (bulk 1907-1951); and Civil Service Reform Association records, 1880-1947.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 1920-1928; 1934-1950. 4 folders and 1 folder, respectively.

Kansas State Historical Society
Topeka, KS
Papers: 1853-1951. 76 boxes. Chiefly from Senate career, including correspondence, speeches, and office records. Finding aid. Also gubernatorial records, photographs, and portraits.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in James Couzens papers, 1903-1940; and Moral Re-armament, Inc. records, 1812-1977. Finding aid.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Clifford Thorne papers, 1901-1923. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Society
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Items in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; Wayne Bidwell Wheeler papers, 1918-1926; Howard Hyde Russell papers, 1840-1946; Oscar Gottlieb Christgau papers, 1908-1971; and American Council on Alcohol Problems records, 1916-1969. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Thomas Walker Page papers, 1906-1937. Access partially restricted.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Harold Stokes Phelps papers, 1908-1969; Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1942; and Yale in World War II collection, 1939-1946..
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

  • Capper, Arthur. Addresses and Messages by Arthur Capper, Twenty-Second Governor of Kansas. Topeka: Capper Printing Co., n.d.
  • ___. The Agricultural Bloc. 1922. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972.
  • ___. Citizenship. New York: The University Society, 1933.
  • Crowley, Byron Monroe. "The Public Career of Arthur Capper Prior to His Senatorial Service.'' Master's thesis, Kansas State Teachers College of Pittsburg, 1938.
  • Galentine, Shane N. "The Forgotten Candidate: Omar B. Ketchum and the Senate Race of 1936.'' Kansas History 13 (Summer 1990): 97-106.
  • Grant, Philip A., Jr. "The Kansas Congressional Delegation and the Lend-Lease Act of 1941.'' Kansas History 14 (Summer 1991): 72-81.
  • ___. "The Kansas Congressional Delegation and the Selective Service Act of 1940.'' Kansas History 2 (Autumn 1979): 196-205.
  • Nathan, Meyer. "The Election of 1916 in Kansas.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 35 (1969): 50-63.
  • O'Brien, Patrick G. "Validity of Historical Characterizations: Capper and Curtis.'' Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 48 (June 1967): 624-31.
  • Partin, John W. "The Dilemma of `A Good, Very Good Man': Capper and Noninterventionism, 1936-1941.'' Kansas History 2 (Summer 1979): 86-95.
  • Socolofsky, Homer E. Arthur Capper, Publisher, Politician, and Philanthropist. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1962.
  • ___. "Arthur Capper: Vote-Getter, Par Excellence.'' Journal of the West 13 (October 1974): 26-39.
  • ___. "The Capper Farm Press Experience in Western Agricultural Journalism.'' Journal of the West 19 (April 1980): 22-29.
  • ___. "The Development of the Capper Farm Press.'' Agricultural History 31 (October 1957): 34-43.
  • ___. "The Evolution of a Home Grown Product, Capper Publications.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 24 (Summer 1958): 151-67.
  • ___. "A Kansas Romance of the Gay Nineties.'' Midwest Quarterly 3 (October 1961): 81-93.
  • ___. "Twenty-one and All Is Well: Arthur Capper in Topeka, 1886.'' Kansas History 6 (Winter 1983/84): 202-11.
  • ___, ed. "The Private Journals of Florence Crawford and Arthur Capper, 1891-1892.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 30 (Spring 1964): 15-61; (Summer 1964): 129-208.