Library of Congress
CASS, Lewis (1782-1866)
Senate Years of Service: 1845-1848; 1849-1857

CASS, LEWIS, (great-great-grandfather of Cass Ballenger), a Senator from Michigan; born in Exeter, N.H., October 9, 1782; attended Exeter Academy; moved with his parents to Wilmington, Del., in 1799 and taught school there; moved to the Northwest Territory in 1801 and settled on a farm near Zanesville, Ohio; studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1802; member, State house of representatives 1806; United States marshal for the district of Ohio 1807-1812, when he resigned to enlist in the Army; served in the United States Army 1813-1814, attaining the rank of brigadier general; military and civil Governor of Michigan Territory 1813-1831; settled in Detroit; appointed Secretary of War by President Andrew Jackson and served from 1831 to 1836, when he resigned, having been appointed to a diplomatic post; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to France 1836-1842; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1845, until May 29, 1848, when he resigned, having been nominated for President of the United States; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Thirtieth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for President on the Democratic ticket in 1848; again elected to the United States Senate on January 20, 1849, to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation; was reelected, and served from March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1857; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Thirty-third Congress; appointed Secretary of State by President James Buchanan and served from 1857 until his resignation in 1860; returned to Detroit, Mich., and engaged in literary pursuits; died in Detroit, Mich., June 17, 1866; interment in Elmwood Cemetery.

Bayliss Public Library
Sault Sainte Marie, MI
Papers: 1821-1859. 14 letters.

Broome County Historical Society
Binghamton, NY
Papers: In Daniel S. Dickinson papers, 1839-1882 (bulk 1848-1866).

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: Papers pertaining to Cass in Albert Edgar Lownes papers, 1549-1975.

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
Buffalo, NY
Papers: In Millard Fillmore papers, 1809-1919, available on 68 microfilm reels.

Central Michigan University
Clarke Historical Library
Mt. Pleasant, MI
Papers: 1814-1860. 140 items. In part, typewritten transcripts. Correspondence, largely received by Cass, concerning political affairs in Michigan Territory.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: 2 letters (July 2 and August 17, 1832) from John Trumbull in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume XIII, Miscellany, 1771-1832; and correspondence in William C. Bouck papers, 1727-1866.

Detroit Public Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: 1780-1907. Ca. 3,000 items and 1 microfilm reel. In part photocopies and typewritten transcripts of originals in Duke University and other repositories. Political and personal correspondence, deeds and real estate documents, and other papers pertaining to military activities, fur trade, and the survey of the Grand River road in Michigan.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Robert McClelland papers, 1833-1862.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1823-1858. 7 items. Political and miscellaneous correspondence.

Georgetown University
Special Collections
Washington, DC
Papers: 1822-1826. .25 foot. Manuscripts and correspondence regarding American Indian language and culture in the John Gilmary Shea papers.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Addison Burke papers, 1827-1860. Finding aid.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Samuel Francis du Pont papers, 1812-1865; and Haldeman family papers, 1801-1885.

Rutherford B. Hayes Library
Fremont, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Quintus Flaminius Atkins papers, 1805-1854. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Joel Roberts Poinsett papers, 1785-1851; James Buchanan papers, 1775-1868, available on microfilm; Samuel C. Stambaugh papers, 1807-1859; and Ogden D. Wilkinson collection, 1684-1855.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1805-1860. 28 letters. Also in the Dean family papers, 1799-1920; Frances Vigo papers, 1751-1841 (bulk 1783-1820); and ca. 75 pages of photocopies of letters and documents.

Joint Archives of Holland
Hope College
Holland, MI
Papers: 1 letter (August 12, 1850) concerning the building of Holland Harbor in Albertus C. Van Raalte papers.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (April 3, 1858) in Donna Workman autograph collection, 1792-1936; and 6 letters (December 14, 1833; May 6, 1839; April 19, 1845; September 19, 1848; November 17, 1851; and December 26, 1855) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1705-1940.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1813-1859. 27 items. Also correspondence in Andrew and John White Stevenson family papers, 1756-1882; Andrew Jackson Donaldson papers, 1779-1943 (bulk1813-1869); and Crosby Noyes Boyd autograph collection, 1791-1901. Finding aid.

Marquette County Historical Society
Marquette, MI
Papers: 1806-1855. 23 letters. Also 12 letters (1826-1856), photocopies of originals at Burton historical collection of the Detroit Public Library; and portraits.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 75 items (1799-1860) in various collections. Finding aid.

New England Historic Genealogical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Correspondence in William Foster papers, 1734-1879.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Canfield-Dickerson family papers, 1738-1926.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: In Albert Tracy papers, 1843-1893, available on 1 microfilm reel; and James A. Hamilton papers, [ca. 1740-1867]. Use requires advance notice.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 5 letters in Albert H. Allen Tracy papers, 1815-1951, available on microfilm; and in autographs of American authors and statesmen collection, ca. 1770-1865.

Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Worthington papers, 1795-1827; and John Johnston papers, 1801-1860, available on 2 microfilm reels. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1835-1858. 15 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Aeneas Mackay journal of the Lewis Cass expedition, May 24-September 1, 1820.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1821-1859. 3 letters.

Temple University Libraries
Rare Book and Manuscript Collections
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in the Dallas family papers, 1794-1865.

Texas State Library
Archives Division
Austin, TX
Papers: Papers in Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar papers, 1806-1941.

University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1774-1921. 6 feet. Correspondence (1830-1850) concerning political problems of the era. Additional papers in various collections.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1814-1847. 60 microfilm reels. Official correspondence, notes, and instructions received while serving as U.S. minister to France and secretary of war; also official documents of the Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1819-1831, and the Office of Indian Affairs, 1814-1817 and 1822-1829, relating to Cass's work in negotiating treaties. Originals in the National Archives.
Additional Papers: In Francis Reuben Stebbins papers, 1856-1896; Mary H. Clark papers, 1848-1861; J.H. Cleveland letter to Cass (November 22, 1855); Chauncy G. Cady military commissions, 1828-1829; Students' Lecture Association letters, 1854-1856; Alpha Nu Literary Society records, 1843-1931; Joseph Rickey papers, 1850-1862; Stevens Thomson Mason papers, 1827-1842; Alpheus Felch papers, 1817-1896; Enos Goodrich papers, 1844-1877; John Potter Cook papers, 1856-1878 and 1894; McCreery family papers, 1818-1948; George Johnston letterbook, 1832-1860; and others.

University of Oklahoma
Western History Collection
Norman, OK
Papers: 1825-1839. 45 items. Letters from Matthew Arbuckle, Pierre Chouteau, and Montfort Stokes relating to their attempts to gather the Plains Indian tribes at Camp Mason, OK, for a peace conference, and containing detailed observations on Indian affairs.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 15 letters by and 15 to Cass (1843-1863) in various collections. Finding aid.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: Correspondence in John Barr papers, 1942-1873; and Edward Tiffin papers, 1785-1853. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Daniel Webster papers, 1800-1895 (bulk 1824-1852), on 8 microfilm reels, originals at Library of Congress; Fowler family papers, 1707-1870; Gilman family papers, 1659-1935; Samuel Wells Williams family papers, 1824-1936; William Smith Mason collection, 1800-1929; Joseph W. Brown papers, 1773-1882; and Southard Hay collection, 1750-1885.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Brown University, Providence, RI; City University of New York, City College Archives, New York, NY; Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, New York, NY; Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY; General Theological Society, New York, NY; Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE; New-York Historical Society, New York, NY; State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; and Virginia State Library and Archives, Richmond, VA.

  • Burns, Virginia. Lewis Cass, Frontier Soldier. Bath, MI: Enterprise Press, 1980.
  • Dunbar, Willis Frederick. Lewis Cass. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.
  • Ferris, Woodbridge N. "Lewis Cass, Michigan's Hero of the War of 1812.'' Michigan Historical Collections 39 (1915): 270-74.
  • Hewlett, Richard G. "Lewis Cass in National Politics, 1842-1861.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1952.
  • Klunder, Willard Carl. Lewis Cass and the Politics of Moderation. Kent. OH: Kent State University Press, 1996.
  • ___. "Lewis Cass." Michigan History 75 (January/February 1991): 12-21.
  • ___. "Lewis Cass and Slavery Expansion: `The Father of Popular Sovereignty' and Ideological Infanticide.'' Civil War History 32 (December 1986): 293-317.
  • ___. "The Seeds of Popular Sovereignty: Governor Lewis Cass and Michigan Territory.'' Michigan Historical Review 17 (Spring 1991): 65-81.
  • McLaughlin, Andrew Cunningham. Lewis Cass. 1899. Reprint, with new introduction by Holman Hamilton. New York: Chelsea House, 1980.
  • Ranck, James B. "Lewis Cass and Squatter Sovereignty.'' Michigan History Magazine 14 (Winter 1930): 28-37.
  • Smith, William L. G. Fifty Years of Public Life: The Life and Times of Lewis Cass. New York: Derby Jackson, 1856.
  • Spencer, Donald S. "Lewis Cass and Symbolic Intervention: 1848-1852.'' Michigan History 53 (Spring 1969): 1-17.
  • Stevens, Walter W. "Lewis Cass and the Presidency.'' Michigan History 49 (June 1965): 123-34.
  • ___. "Michigan's Lewis Cass.'' Filson Club History Quarterly 39 (October 1965): 320-25.
  • ___. "The Scholarship of Lewis Cass.'' Michigan History 44 (March 1960): 59-66.
  • ___. "A Study of Lewis Cass and His United States Senate Speeches on Popular Sovereignty.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1959.
  • Woodford, Frank Bury. Lewis Cass: The Last Jeffersonian. 1950. Reprint. New York: Octagon Books, 1973.
  • Young, William T. Sketch of the Life and Public Services of General Lewis Cass. Detroit: Markham Elwood, 1852.