Library of Congress
CHANDLER, William Eaton (1835-1917)

CHANDLER, WILLIAM EATON, a Senator from New Hampshire; born in Concord, N.H., December 28, 1835; attended the common schools and the academies in Thetford, Vt., and Pembroke, N.H.; graduated from Harvard Law School in 1854; admitted to the bar in 1855 and commenced practice in Concord, N.H.; appointed reporter of the decisions of the supreme court of New Hampshire in 1859; member, State house of representatives 1862-1864 and served as speaker during the last two years; appointed by President Abraham Lincoln solicitor and judge advocate general of the Navy Department in 1865; appointed First Assistant Secretary of the Treasury 1865-1867, when he resigned; newspaper publisher and editor in New Hampshire during the 1870s and 1880s; member of the State constitutional convention in 1876; member, State house of representatives 1881; appointed by President Chester Arthur as Secretary of the Navy 1882-1885; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Austin F. Pike and served from June 14, 1887, to March 3, 1889; subsequently elected for the term beginning March 4, 1889; reelected in 1895 and served from June 18, 1889, to March 3, 1901; unsuccessful candidate for renomination; chairman, Committee on Immigration (Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses), Committee on Census (Fifty-fourth Congress), Committee on Privileges and Elections (Fifty-fifth and Fifty-sixth Congresses); appointed by President William McKinley as president of the Spanish Claims Treaty Commission 1901-1908; resumed the practice of law in Concord, N.H., and Washington, D.C.; died in Concord, N.H., November 30, 1917; interment in Blossom Hill Cemetery.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: Letters in Edward Henry Rollins correspondence, 1858-1916; James Willis Patterson correspondence, 1865-1892; Hale-Chandler family papers, 1777-1873; and 2 letters (January 26, 1870; December 7, 1895).

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in Lew Wallace papers, 1799-1923 (bulk 1846-1906).

Indiana University
Lilly Library
Bloomington, IN
Papers: Correspondence in Charles W. Fairbanks papers, 1819-1939.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 3 letters (October 23, 1872; October 14, 1873; and April 25, 1876) in Post family papers, 1857-1895.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1863-1917. 36 linear feet. Letters received (166 volumes), diaries, a letterbook, and scrapbook documenting career as assistant secretary of the treasury (1865-1867), secretary of the navy (1882-1885), U.S. senator (1887-1901), and chairman of Spanish Treaty Claims Commission (1901). Material reflects his prominence in Republican party and role in presidential campaigns of 1868 and 1872, in the Hayes-Tilden disputed election, and in the presidential election of 1880. Finding aid.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 11 items (1866-1898) in various collections.

New Hampshire Historical Society
Concord, NH
Papers: 1829-1917. 22 feet; ca. 25,000 items. Correspondence, family papers, 50 diaries (1880-1917), articles, speeches, and newspaper clippings relating to his political career. Topics include the China-Boxer indemnity fund, cotton courts in Mississippi, Dakota politics (1880-1884), Harvard Law School, litigation over the estate of Mary Baker Eddy (1906-1916), the Philippines, Cuba, prosecution of Civil War claims in England, and the Washington Central Market; and in New Hampshire, the Concord Post Office, railroad consolidation, management of Chandler's newspapers, Republican party politics, the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Progressive movement, tariff, and temperance. Finding aid.
Papers: 1897-1917 (bulk 1916-1917). 165 items. Correspondence, speeches, memoranda, and other material. Includes material on 1915 legislation relating to Boston & Maine Railroad. Finding aid.
Additonal Papers: Correspondence in Mason Weare Tappan papers, 1846-1869 (bulk 1897-1917 (bulk 1861-1865); George Gilman Fogg papers, 1831-1881; and Charles Doe papers, 1841-1890.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1867, 1906. 2 items.

Rockefeller Archive Center
North Tarrytown, NY
Papers: In Nelson W. Aldrich papers, 1879-1915, on 73 microfilm reels of originals at Library of Congress.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in George Dewey papers, 1844-1912; Levi P. Morton papers, 1860-1912; and David Bennett Hill papers, 1885-1910.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA
Papers: Correspondence in the Alexander Lyman Churchill papers, 1865-1908.

  • Lacy, Harriet S. "The William E. Chandler Papers, 1829-1917.''Historical New Hampshire 23 (Autumn 1968): 51-63.
  • Richardson, Leon Burr. William E. Chandler, Republican. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1940.
  • Thompson, Carol L. "William E. Chandler: A Radical Republican.'' Current History 23 (November 1952): 304-11.