Collection of the Henry Sheldon Museum of Vermont History
CHIPMAN, Nathaniel (1752-1843)
Senate Years of Service: 1797-1803

CHIPMAN, NATHANIEL, (Brother of Daniel Chipman and grandfather of John Logan Chipman), a Senator from Vermont; born in Salisbury, Conn., November 15, 1752; privately tutored; received his degree from Yale College in 1777 while in the Army; served as a lieutenant in the Revolutionary War; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1779 and commenced practice in Tinmouth, Vt.; member, State house of representatives 1784-1785; elected as judge of the State supreme court in 1786 and chosen chief justice in 1789; judge of the United States District Court 1791-1794; again elected chief justice of the State supreme court in 1796; elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Isaac Tichenor and served from October 17, 1797, until March 3, 1803; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; member, State house of representatives 1806-1811; chief justice of Vermont 1813-1815; died in Tinmouth, Vt., February 13, 1843; interment in the Tinmouth Cemetery.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 3 letters (1795-1822) in 2 collections.

  • Chipman, Daniel. Life of Hon. Nathaniel Chipman, LL.D. Boston: Charles C. Little James Brown, 1846.
  • Chipman, Nathaniel. Principles of Government: A Treatise on Free Institutions, Including the Constitution of the United States. 1833. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970. An earlier version, Sketches of the Principles of Government, was published in 1793.
  • Honeywell, Roy J. "Nathaniel Chipman: Political Philosopher and Jurist.'' New England Quarterly 5 (July 1932): 555-84.
  • Spargo, John. "Nathaniel Chipman." Vermonters: A Book of Biographies. Brattleboro: Stephen Daye Press, 1931, pp. 36-40.