Library of Congress
CHOATE, Rufus (1799-1859)
Senate Years of Service: 1841-1845

CHOATE, RUFUS, a Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Essex, Mass., on October 1, 1799; graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1819; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Danvers, Mass., in 1823; member, State house of representatives 1825; member, State senate 1826; moved to Salem in 1828; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-second and Twenty-third Congresses and served from March 4, 1831, to June 30, 1834, when he resigned; moved to Boston in 1834; elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Daniel Webster and served from February 23, 1841, to March 3, 1845; retired from political life to devote his time to law; member of the State constitutional convention in 1853; attorney general of Massachusetts in 1853; died in Halifax, Nova Scotia, July 13, 1859; interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.

American Antiquarian Society
Worcester, MA
Papers: Correspondence in John B. D. Cogswell papers, 1839-1897.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 24 items.

Boston University
Boston, MA
Papers: Undated. 1 letter.

Brooklyn Historical Society
Brooklyn, NY
Papers: January 2, 1841; December 7, 1844; September 1847; May 11, 1849. 4 letters.

Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford, CT
Papers: 1 letter to John Young (September 17, 1844) in A.L. Butler autographs; 1 letter from Choate (July 14, 1848) in Welling collection; and 1 letter to Lydia Sigourney (January 28, 1856) in Lydia Sigourney papers.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: [18--]. 1 letter. Choate to Joseph B. Boyer.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: 1815-1858. 175 items. Family correspondence, lectures and speeches, legal case notes, account book, miscellaneous papers, and a portrait. Finding aid.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: In William Dummer Northend papers, 1755-1905.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: 41 items.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1839-1907. 7 items.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 1822-1859. Ca. 140 items. Chiefly political and legal correspondence and a portrait.

New Hampshire Historical Society
Concord, NH
Papers: Correspondence in Ira Perley papers, 1817-1877.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Walker family papers, 1775-1876.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: 2 letters (1854) in the Henry J. Raymond collection.

Peabody Essex Museum
Salem, MA
Papers: In Choate family papers, 1828-1859. 1 folder.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1833-1855. 7 items.

University of Vermont
Bailey/Howe Library
Burlington, VT
Papers: Correspondence in George Perkins Marsh papers, 1812-1929. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Daniel Webster papers, 1800-1895 (bulk 1824-1852), on 8 microfilm reels, originals in Library of Congress. Also in Fowler family papers, 1707-1870.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

  • Boutwell, George Sewall. The Lawyer, the Statesman and the Soldier. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1887.
  • Brown, Samuel Gilman. The Works of Rufus Choate, with a Memoir of His Life. 2 vols. 1862. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.
  • Fuess, Claude Moore. Rufus Choate, the Wizard of the Law. 1928. Reprint. Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1970.
  • Hagan, Horace H. "Rufus Choate (1799-1859).'' In Eight Great American Lawyers, pp. 142-67. 1923. Reprint. Littleton, CO: Fred B. Rothman & Co., 1987.
  • Matthews, Jean V. Rufus Choate, the Law and Civic Virtue. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1980.
  • Neilson, Joseph. Memories of Rufus Choate: With Some Consideration of His Studies, Methods, and Opinions, and of His Style as a Speaker and Writer. 1884. Reprint. Littleton, CO: Fred B. Rothman & Co., 1985.
  • Parker, Edward Griffin. Reminiscences of Rufus Choate, the Great American Advocate. New York: Mason Brothers, 1860.
  • "Rufus Choate Letters.'' Essex Institute Historical Collections 69 (January 1933): 81-87.
  • Walker, David Bradstreet. "Rufus Choate, an American Whig.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Brown University, 1956.
  • ___. "Rufus Choate: A Case Study in Old Whiggery.'' Essex Institute Historical Collections 94 (October 1958): 334-55.
  • Whipple, Edwin Percy. Some Recollections of Rufus Choate. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1879.
  • Woods, Thomas E., Jr., ed. The Political Writings of Rufus Choate. Washington, D.C. : Regnery Publishing ; Lanham, Md.: Distributed to the trade by National Book Network, 2002.