CHURCH, Frank Forrester (1924-1984)
Senate Years of Service: 1957-1981

CHURCH, FRANK FORRESTER, a Senator from Idaho; born in Boise, Ada County, Idaho, July 25, 1924; attended the public schools; graduated from Stanford (Calif.) University in 1947 and from Stanford Law School in 1950; during the Second World War served in the United States Army and was assigned to Military Intelligence in India, Burma, and China 1942-1946; admitted to the bar in 1950 and commenced the practice of law in Boise, Idaho; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1956; reelected in 1962, 1968, and again in 1974 and served from January 3, 1957, to January 3, 1981; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1980; chairman, Special Committee on Aging (Ninety-second through Ninety-fifth Congresses), Special Committee on Termination of the National Emergency (Ninety-second through Ninety-fourth Congresses), Select Committee on Government Intelligence Activities (Ninety-fourth Congress), Committee on Foreign Relations (Ninety-sixth Congress); United States delegate to the twenty-first General Assembly of the United Nations; resumed the practice of law; was a resident of Bethesda, Md., until his death there on April 7, 1984; interment in Morris Hill Cemetery, Boise, Idaho.

Boise State University Library
Boise, ID

Papers: 1941-1984. 776 linear feet. Includes correspondence, memoranda, speeches, articles, press releases, reports, studies, legislation, case files, campaign files, scrapbooks, photographs, films, audiotapes, and other papers relating to his Senate career. Topics include U.S. foreign policy, Vietnam War, Panama Canal, and wilderness, environmental, and water issues in Idaho. Case files are restricted. Finding aid available online. The Frank and Bethine Church Digital Collection features select documents from their papers.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Carl P. Burke papers, 1949-1980; and Ted Whitaker Trueblood papers, 1913-1982.
Papers: 1916-2013. 32.0 linear feet. The Bethine Church Papers document her numerous projects and leadership roles in political, social, and civic organizations spanning more than six decades. Materials include correspondence, newspaper and magazine articles, memorabilia, photographs, scrapbooks, and audio and video recordings.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 42 audiotapes (1961-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Gerald R. Ford Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
Austin, TX
Oral History: May 1, 1969. 32 pages.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: 1960. 1 folder. Drafts of keynote speech for 1960 Democratic party convention in Los Angeles.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Bernard Augustine De Voto papers, 1918-1955 (bulk 1944-1951); and Lorna D. Smith papers, 1930-1981 (bulk 1965-1975).

State University of New York
University at Albany Special Collections and Archives
Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Eugene Rabinowitch papers, 1940-1973.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Esquire Magazine records, 1933-1977; Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; and Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969. Finding aid.

University of Washington Libraries
Manuscripts and University Archives
Seattle, WA
Papers: Correspondence in Sierra Club, Northwest Office records, 1967-1985.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in John Sylvester Fischer papers, 1907-1980; and Max Lerner papers, 1927-1980.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Community Library Association, Ketchum, ID; Idaho State Historical Society, Boise, ID; Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA; University of Michigan, Rare Books, Ann Arbor, MI; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; and University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.

  • Ashby, LeRoy. "Frank Church Goes to the Senate: The Idaho Election of 1956.'' Pacific Northwest Quarterly 78 (January-April 1987): 17-31.
  • Ashby, LeRoy, and Rod Gramer. Fighting the Odds: The Life of Senator Frank Church. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1994.
  • Brock, Gustaf J. " `Congress Must Draw the Line': Senator Frank Church and the Cooper-Church Amendment of 1970.'' Idaho Yesterdays 35 (Summer 1991): 27-36.
  • ___. "The Doves Have Won: Senator Frank Church and the Vietnam War.'' Master's thesis, University of Nebraska, 1989.
  • Bunn, Tim. "The 1968 Frank Church vs. George Hansen Idaho Senatorial Election and Campaign: A Descriptive, Qualitative Analysis.'' Master's thesis, Boise State University, 1986.
  • Church, F. Forrester. Father and Son: A Personal Biography of Senator Frank Church of Idaho. New York: Harper Row, 1985.
  • Church, Frank. "Borah the Statesman.'' Idaho Yesterdays 9 (Summer 1965): 2-9.
  • Dant, Sara. "Making Wilderness Work: Frank Church and the American Wilderness Movement." Pacific Historical Review 77 (May 2008): 237-272.
  • Ewert, Sara E. Dant. "The Conversion of Senator Frank Church: Evolution of an Environmentalist." Ph.D. dissertation, Washington State University, 2000.
  • ___. "Evolution of an Environmentalist: Senator Frank Church and the Hells Canyon Controversy." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 51 (Spring 2001): 36-51.
  • ___. "Peak Park Politics: The Struggle over the Sawtooths, from Borah to Church." Pacific Northwest Quarterly (Summer 2000): 138-149.
  • Hall, Bill. Frank Church, D.C., and Me. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1995.
  • Hatzenbuehler, Ronald L., and Bert W. Marley. "Why Church Lost: A Preliminary Analysis of the Church-Symms Election of 1980.'' Pacific Historical Review 56 (February 1987): 99-112.
  • Schmitz, David F. "Senator Frank Church, the Ford Administration, and the Challenges of Post-Vietnam Foreign Policy." Peace & Change 21 (Oct 1996), pp. 438-63.
  • ___, and Natalie Fousekis. "Frank Church, the Senate, and the Emergence of Dissent on the Vietnam War." Pacific Historical Review 63 (November 1994): 561-581.