Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
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CLAYTON, Henry De Lamar (1857-1929)

CLAYTON, HENRY DE LAMAR, (brother of Bertram Tracy Clayton), a Representative from Alabama; born near Clayton, Barbour County, Ala., February 10, 1857; attended the common schools; was graduated from the literary department of the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa in 1877 and from its law department in 1878; was admitted to the bar in the latter year and commenced practice in Clayton, Ala.; moved to Eufaula, Ala., in 1880 and continued the practice of law; member of the State house of representatives in 1890 and 1891; United States district attorney for the middle district of Alabama 1893-1896; permanent chairman of the Democratic National Convention in 1908; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fifth and to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1897, until May 25, 1914, when he resigned and moved to Montgomery, Ala., to accept a commission as United States judge for the middle and northern district of Alabama, in which capacity he served until his death; chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Sixty-second and Sixty-third Congresses); sponsor of the Clayton anti-trust act of 1914; one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1905 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Charles Swayne, judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida, and in 1912 against Robert W. Archbald, judge of the United States Commerce Court; appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn; died in Montgomery, Ala., December 21, 1929; interment in Fairview Cemetery, Eufaula, Ala.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1857-1929. 1/2 inch.
Congressional, business, and personal correspondence, including bound correspondence.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1912, 2 items.
Papers of Henry De Lamar Clayton, 1912.

Papers: In the John Sharp Williams Papers, ca. 1902-1924, 91 linear feet.
Correspondents include Henry DeLamar Clayton. A finding aid is available in the library.


University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa
W.S. Hoole Special Collections
Tuscaloosa, AL
Papers: 1840-1925, amount unknown.
An extensive of personal, legal, military, and administrative papers, the largest part of which is correspondence, of Alabama politician, Confederate General, and University of Alabama President Clayton.

  • Alsobrook, David E. "'Remember the Maine!': Congressman Henry D. Clayton Comments on the Impending Conflict with Spain, April, 1898." Alabama Review 30 (July 1977): 227-31.
  • Appointment of Hon. Henry D. Clayton as a senator from the state of Alabama. Opinions relative to the seating of Hon. Henry D. Clayton as a senator from the state of Alabama. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1913.
  • Clayton, Henry De Lamar. The migratory bird treaty act. [Washington: N.p., 1921].
  • ------. Payment of United States bonds. Washington: [Government Printing Office] 1898.
  • ------. Puerto Rican tariff. Speech of Hon. Henry D. Clayton, of Alabama, in the House of Representatives, Saturday, February 24, 1900. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1900.
  • ------. War tariff--Speech ... in the House ... April 28, 1898. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1898.
  • Grantham, Dewey Wesley, Jr. "Oscar W. Underwood and Henry D. Clayton: Leaders in Enacting the Tariff and Trust Legislation of The New Freedom." Alabama Historical Quarterly 7 (Winter 1945): 584-97.
  • Jordan, Holman Drew. "The Military Career of Henry De Lamar Clayton." Master's thesis, University of Alabama, 1954.
  • O'Neal, Emmet. Validity of the appointment of senator form Alabama. Statement of Hon. Emmet O'Neal, Governor of Alabama, and opinion of Hon. R. P. [!] Evins, legal adviser to the Governor, relative to the appointment of Hon. Frank P. Glass, as a Senator from Alabama, together with the opinions of Hon. William O. Bradley, of Kentucky, and Hon. Thomas J. Walsh, of Montana, relative to the validity of the credentials of Hon. Henry D. Clayton as a Senator from Alabama. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1913.
  • Rodabaugh, Karl. "Congressman Henry D. Clayton and the Dothan Post Office Fight: Patronage and Politics in the Progressive Era." Alabama Review 33 (April 1980): 125-49.
  • ------. "Congressman Henry D. Clayton, Patriarch in Politics: A Southern Congressman During the Progressive Era." Alabama Review 31 (April 1978): 110-20.
  • Taylor, Hannis. Appointment of Hon. Henry D. Clayton as a Senator from the State of Alabama. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1913.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on privileges and elections. The Senator from Alabama. Hearing before the Committee on privileges and elections, United States Senate. Sixty-third Congress, first session, to consider the credentials of the Hon. Henry D. Clayton, appointed by the Governor of Alabama as a Senator from that state. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1913.