Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
COLE, William Sterling (1904-1987)

COLE, WILLIAM STERLING, a Representative from New York; born in Painted Post, Steuben County, N.Y., April 18, 1904; attended the public schools; A.B., Colgate University, Hamilton, N.Y., 1925; Albany Law School of Union University, Schenectady, N.Y., LL.B., 1929; teacher in the public schools, Corning Free Academy, Corning, N.Y., in 1925 and 1926; was admitted to the New York Bar in 1929 and commenced practice in Bath, N.Y., in 1930; employed with investment firm, Albany, N.Y., 1929-1930; unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination in 1932 to the Seventy-third Congress; elected as a Republican to the Seventy-fourth Congress; reelected to the eleven succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1935, until his resignation December 1, 1957, to become Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency with headquarters in Vienna, Austria, 1957-1961; chairman, Joint Committee on Atomic Energy (Eighty-third Congress); resumed the practice of law in Washington, D.C.; was a resident of Arlington, Va., until his death in Washington, D.C., March 15, 1987; interment in Bath, N.Y.

Cornell University
Carl A. Kroch Library
Ithaca, NY
Papers: ca. 1935-1957, 42 linear feet.
William Sterling Cole's papers pertain almost exclusively to his years in the U.S. House of Representatives, include correspondence, copies of proposed bills, and newspaper clippings concerning the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Naval Affairs Committee; numerous letters from constituents expressing opinions on specific legislation, presidential appointments, foreign affairs, and other issues and letters concerning pensions, workmen's compensation and other claims, appointments to the U.S. Military, Naval, and Air Force Academies, and immigration cases. Also, correspondence with the Republican Party organization and individuals concerning congressional district campaigns and elections; letters to and from constituents and local officials pertaining to federal reimbursements for damages suffered in the 1935 flood, and inquiries and criticisms regarding flood control proposals of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; pamphlets issued by special interest groups; mimeographed newsletters of local Republican groups, printed campaign materials, and voters' lists; and personal papers and farm accounts, Bath, Steuben County. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Oral history: 1978, 37 pages.
An interview of W. Sterling Cole conducted on August 24, 1978. Restricted. Permission to quote from transcript or reproduce portions of tape required from Association of Former Members of Congress.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Oral history: Transcript in the Oral History Collection of the Association of Former Members of Congress.
An interview of W. Sterling Cole conducted on August 24, 1978. Restricted. Sound recording in the Library's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.