Library of Congress
COUZENS, James (1872-1936)

COUZENS, JAMES, a Senator from Michigan; born in Chatham, Province of Ontario, Canada, August 26, 1872; attended the public schools of Chatham; moved to Detroit, Mich., in 1890; railroad car checker 1890-1897; clerk in the coal business 1897-1903; was associated with the Ford Motor Co. in the manufacture of automobiles 1903-1919; president of the Bank of Detroit and director of the Detroit Trust Co.; commissioner of street railways 1913-1915; commissioner of the metropolitan police department 1916-1918; mayor of Detroit 1919-1922; appointed November 29, 1922, as a Republican to the United States Senate and elected on November 4, 1924, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Truman H. Newberry; on the same day was elected for the term commencing March 4, 1925; reelected in 1930 and served from November 29, 1922, until his death on October 22, 1936; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1936; chairman, Committee on Civil Service (Sixty-ninth Congress), Committee on Education and Labor (Sixty-ninth and Seventieth Congresses), Committee on Interstate Commerce (Seventy-first and Seventy-second Congresses); philanthropist; died in Detroit, Mich.; interment in Woodlawn Cemetery.

Central Michigan University
Clarke Historical Library
Mt. Pleasant, MI
Papers: 1931-1935. 6 items. Political and personal correspondence.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Mildred Hicks papers, 1917-1945. Finding aid.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Atwood Ballantine papers, 1901-1964. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1903-1940. 32,000 items. General letters, speeches, articles, subject files, addresses, clippings, and scrapbooks. Including material relating to Couzens' service with Ford Motor Company, mayoral campaign, and Senate tenure. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in David E. Finley papers, 1921-1977, regarding controversy between Andrew W. Mellon, secretary of the treasury and Couzens over a tax reduction plan.

Michigan State University
University Archives and Historical Collections
East Lansing, MI
Papers: 10 items in the John Beukema papers, 1931-1933; and 2 items in the Ransom Olds papers.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1924-1935. Ca. 100 items. Correspondence with Chase S. Osborn, former governor, concerning Couzens' stand on prohibition; and correspondence with William M. Hauser regarding banking legislation.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949; Alexander Frank Ruthven papers, 1901-1961; Osborn Salmon Chase papers, 1889-1949; Jesse Siddall Reeves papers, 1853-1942; Moses L. Walker papers, 1926-1950; Rebecca Shelley papers, 1890-1984; James Orin Murfin papers, 1896-1940; Earl C. Michener papers, 1898-1934 and 1940-1954; Interlochen Center for the Arts records, 1921-[ongoing]; Clarence Cook Little papers, 1924-1929; Almon Watson McCall papers, 1924-1970; Henry Bourne Joy papers, 1883-1937; William M. Hauser papers, 1934-1935; Roy Dikeman Chapin papers, 1886-1937; Gridley family papers, 1881-1939; Fred Warren Green papers, 1881-1939; Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944; Marshall L. Cook papers, 1880-1945; Children's Fund of Michigan records, 1929-1965; Herbert F. Baker papers, 1904-1926; Prentiss Marsh Brown papers, 1902-1973; Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944; Harold Studley Gray papers, 1896-1972; George R. Averill papers, 1928-1969; George Howard Edward Smith papers, 1917-1962; American Council on Alcohol Problems records, 1916-1969; and others.
Oral History: Discussed in Clarence J. Huddleston interview (February 12, 1968), 32 pages.

University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 letter (1931) in Theodore Dreiser papers.

Wayne State University
Walter P. Reuther Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Everett Francis papers, 1933-1943.

  • Barnard, Harry. Independent Man: The Life of Senator James Couzens. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1958.
  • U.S. Congress. House. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of James Couzens, Late a Senator from Michigan. 75th Cong., 1st sess., 1937. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1938.