COX, Jacob Dolson (1828-1900)

COX, JACOB DOLSON, a Representative from Ohio; born in Montreal, Canada, October 27, 1828; moved with his parents to New York City in 1829; attended private schools; moved to Lorain, Ohio, in 1846; was graduated from Oberlin (Ohio) College in 1851; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1853 and commenced practice in Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio; member of the State senate in 1860 and 1861; entered the Union Army as brigadier general of Ohio Volunteers April 23, 1861; commissioned major general of volunteers October 6, 1862; resigned January 1, 1866, having been elected Governor of Ohio in October 1865; served as Governor 1866-1868; moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and resumed the practice of law; Secretary of the Interior from March 5, 1869, to November 1, 1870, when he resigned; resumed the practice of law in Cincinnati; president of the Wabash Railroad 1873-1878; moved to Toledo, Ohio, in 1874; elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1879); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1878; returned to Cincinnati in 1878; dean of the Cincinnati Law School 1881-1897; president of the University of Cincinnati 1885-1889; was an author and writer on Civil War subjects; died in Magnolia, near Gloucester, Mass., August 4, 1900; interment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1868-1940, 0.3 linear foot.
The papers of Jacob D. Cox contain three letters (1868-1869) from Cox to George B. Wright and eleven letters (1893-1899) to James Ford Rhodes. Also includes a two-volume work entitled, "Political Experiences of Major General Jacob Dolson Cox," by William Cox Cochran (1940).

Papers: In the Fields-Garrison Literary Collection, 1869-1906, 800 items.
Correspondents include Jacob Dolson Cox.

Papers: In the John McAllister Schofield Papers, ca. 1837-1906, approximately 300,000 items.
Correspondents include Jacob D. Cox. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Papers: In the B. F. Wade Papers, ca. 1832-1881, approximately 3,522 items.
Correspondents include Jacob D. Cox. A finding aid is available in the repository.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: August 26, 1862; July 20, 1869; October 13, 1870. 3 letters.
Finding aid in repository.


Oberlin College Archives
Oberlin, OH
Papers: 1851-1901, 8 linear feet.
The Jacob Dolson Cox papers consist mainly of indexed correspondence, incoming and outgoing. Outgoing correspondence is in the form of letter press copy books and manifold copy books. Other records include letters and papers relating to the Kanawha Campaign (June-August 1861-July-August 1862), Battle of Franklin (1864), and the Atlanta Campaign (1864). Talks and writings include political addresses, historical essays, book reviews, and works on microscopy. The Cox papers on microfilm include the correspondence (incoming and outgoing) on seven reels, and military records on one reel, all of which were microfilmed by the Oberlin College Archives. Two Civil War diaries were microfilmed by the Cleveland Public Library. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Papers: 1861-1865, 185 pages.
Letters and dispatches from Brig. Gen. J.D. Cox relating to the Kanawha Campaign, June-Aug. 1861 and July-August 1862, maps, printed materials including memorial tribute to General Sherman.

Papers: 1864-1865, approximately 160 pages.
Diary of J.D. Cox from April 1864 to May 1865: including military operations in East Tennessee, the campaigns of Atlanta, Franklin, Nashville, and in North Carolina.


Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: N.d., 1 item.
A letter from J.D. Cox to Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State, accepting his invitation to visit.

Papers: 1865, 1 item.
A letter from Brig. Gen. J.D. Cox to J.J. Janney written on October 1, 1865. In the letter, Brig. Gen. Cox writes relative to the distribution of packages (containing ballots?) from the Union Party Executive Committee.

Papers: 1866, 1 item.
A proclamation written on November 5, 1866 by Jacob D. Cox as governor of Ohio, of the use hence forth of a new Great Seal of the State as directed by the General Assembly.

Papers: 1866-1893, 5 items.
Scattered correspondence, 1866-1893, of Jacob Dolson Cox, including one letter to W.H. Smith, Ohio Secretary of State which includes a proposed proclamation relative to extending the suffrage to qualified voters in the military service.

Papers: 1880, 1 item.
A letter from J.D. Cox to D.B. Canfield, & Co. written on January 14, 1880. In the letter, J.D. Cox writes to discontinue his subscription to the "American Law Register."

Papers: In the Lewis D. (Lewis Davis) Campbell Papers, 1850-1877, 0.25 cubic foot.
Other authors include Jacob Dolson Cox.

Papers: In the William Turner Coggeshall Papers, 1842-1868, 2 cubic feet.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Papers: In the Janney Family Papers, 1796-1905, 5 cubic feet.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Papers: In the William L. McMillen Papers, 1852-1896, 72 items.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Papers: In the Emerson Opdycke Papers, 1861-1913, 2 cubic feet.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Microfilm: In the Selected Ohio Governors' Papers, 1803-1882, 44 microfilm reels.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Papers: In the Steele Family Papers, 1786-1889, 0.25 cubic foot.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Papers: In the F. (Friedrich) Hassaurek Papers, 1849-1881, 2 cubic feet.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.

Papers: 1866-1868, 1.5 cubic feet.
Correspondence pertaining to administrative and legislative affairs during Jacob D. Cox's governorship, including recommendations for appointments, applications for positions, war veterans, Ohio stocks and bonds, pardons, vouchers, confirmations of appointments, and return of fugitives.


United States Military Academy
Special Collections
West Point, NY
Papers: In the Samuell Nicoll Benjamin Papers, 1856-1886, 158 items.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox.


University of Virginia
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collection Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Paul Leicester Ford Papers, 1888-1905, 25 items.
Correspondents include Jacob D. Cox.


Western Reserve Historical Society Library
Cleveland, OH
Papers: In the Acme-Cleveland Corporation Records, 1869-1982, 5.81 linear feet.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox. A register is available in the repository.

Papers: In the James A. Garfield II Family Papers, 1873-1930,1.8 linear feet.
Other authors include Jacob D. Cox. A register is available in the repository.

  • Ahern, Wilbert H. "The Cox Plan of Reconstruction: A Case Study in Ideology and Race Relations." Civil War History 16 (December 1970): 293-308.
  • Cochran, William C. General Jacob Dolson Cox: Early Life and Military Services. Oberlin, Ohio: The Bibliotheca Sacra Company, 1901.
  • Cox, Jacob Dolson. Atlanta: Campaigns of the Civil War IX. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1882. Reprint, Cary, N.C.: Cherokee Publishing Company, 1981.
  • ------. The battle of Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864. A monograph. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1897.
  • ------. Historical maxims for troubled times. An address before the Law Department of Yale College, at commencement, June 27, 1887. Toledo, Ohio: Blade Printing and Paper Company, 1877.
  • ------. Inaugural address of Jacob D. Cox, Governor of Ohio: Delivered before the Senate and House of Representatives, Jan. 8, 1866. Columbus: Richard Nevins, state printer, 1866
  • ------. The March to the Sea, Franklin and Nashville: Campaigns of the Civil War X. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1882. Reprint, Cary, N.C.: Cherokee Publishing Company, 1984.
  • ------. Military Reminiscences of the Civil War. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1900.
  • ------. Our country's new era: An address to the Society of the alumni of Wittenberg College, at the college commencement, Springfield, Ohio, June 25, A.D. 1873. Pub. by the Society, 1873.
  • ------. The republicanism of the English government. Cincinnati: A. H. Pugh, printer, 1879.
  • ------. Rufus King. Reprinted from "The Green Bag" for May, 1891.
  • ------. "The second battle of Bull Run, as connected with the Fitz-John Porter case. A paper read before the society of ex-army and navy officers of Cincinnati, February 28, 1882." Cincinnati: P. G. Thomson, 1882.
  • ------. Sherman's battle for Atlanta. With a new introduction by Brooks D. Simpson. Atlanta and New York: Da Capo Press, 1994.
  • ------. Speech of Gov. J.D. Cox at Columbus, Tuesday Aug. 21, 1866: Duty to the country demands firm allegiance to the Union Party. Columbus, Ohio: Glenn & Heide, 1866.
  • ------. What knowledge is of most worth; an address delivered before the alumni of Oberlin College, August 4, 1868. [N.p., 186?]
  • Ewing, James Rees. Public Services of Jacob Dolson Cox, Governor of Ohio and Secretary of the Interior. Washington: The Neale Publishing Company, 1902.
  • Losson, Christopher Thomas. "Jacob Dolson Cox:: A Military Biography." Ph.D. diss., University of Mississippi, 1993.
  • Schmiel, Eugene D. "The Career of Jacob Dolson Cox, 1828-1900." Ph.D. diss., Ohio State University, 1969.