CRESWELL, JOHN ANGEL JAMES, a Representative and a Senator from Maryland; born at Creswells
Ferry (now Port Deposit), Cecil County, Md., November 18, 1828; attended the
local academy at Port Deposit; graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa.,
in 1848; studied law; admitted to the bar in Baltimore in 1850 and commenced
practice in Elkton, Md.; unsuccessful candidate for election on the Whig ticket
in 1850 to the Reform State Convention; member, State house of delegates 1861;
affiliated with the Republican Party in 1861; adjutant general of the State
1862-1863; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4,
1863-March 3, 1865); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1864; elected to
the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas H.
Hicks and served from March 9, 1865, to March 3, 1867; chairman, Committee on
Library (Thirty-ninth Congress); appointed Postmaster General by President
Ulysses Grant 1869-1874, when he resigned; served as counsel of the United
States before the Alabama Claims Commission 1874-1876; resumed the practice of
law; president of two banks; died near Elkton, Cecil County, Md., December 23,
1891; interment in Elkton Presbyterian Cemetery.