Library of Congress
CRESWELL, John Angel James (1828-1891)

CRESWELL, JOHN ANGEL JAMES, a Representative and a Senator from Maryland; born at Creswells Ferry (now Port Deposit), Cecil County, Md., November 18, 1828; attended the local academy at Port Deposit; graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., in 1848; studied law; admitted to the bar in Baltimore in 1850 and commenced practice in Elkton, Md.; unsuccessful candidate for election on the Whig ticket in 1850 to the Reform State Convention; member, State house of delegates 1861; affiliated with the Republican Party in 1861; adjutant general of the State 1862-1863; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1865); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1864; elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas H. Hicks and served from March 9, 1865, to March 3, 1867; chairman, Committee on Library (Thirty-ninth Congress); appointed Postmaster General by President Ulysses Grant 1869-1874, when he resigned; served as counsel of the United States before the Alabama Claims Commission 1874-1876; resumed the practice of law; president of two banks; died near Elkton, Cecil County, Md., December 23, 1891; interment in Elkton Presbyterian Cemetery.

Dickinson College Library
Carlisle, PA
Papers: 9 items.

Historical Society of Cecil County
Elkton, MD
Papers: Portrait, memorabilia, and in vertical file.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1819-1885 (bulk 1862-1885). 8 linear feet. Correspondence, 11 letterbooks, account books, and scrapbooks concerning law practice, business, Maryland politics, patronage, duties as adjutant general of Maryland, the draft, and Maryland Constitutional Convention. Letterbooks pertain to American claims presented to the Court of the Commissioners of the Alabama claims. Finding aid.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: 40 items in the Creswell family papers, 1839-1887. Some relate to political matters. Also a booklet advocating Creswell for vice president in the Bradford papers.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: December 21, 1869. 1 letter.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: December 27, 1870. 1 letter. From P.H. Jones.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 1864-1891. .25 foot. Correspondence, including letters from James Blaine, Schuyler Colfax, Hannibal Hamlin, and John Sherman.

University of Maryland
McKeldin Library
College Park, MD
Papers: Biographical material in the Charles Lanman papers, 1823-1868.

  • Friedenberg, Robert V. "John A. J. Creswell of Maryland: Reformer in the Post Office.'' Maryland Historical Magazine 64 (Summer 1969): 133-43.