DAWSON, William Crosby (1798-1856)

DAWSON, WILLIAM CROSBY, a Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born in Greensboro, Greene County, Ga., January 4, 1798; attended the common schools; graduated from Franklin College, Athens, Ga., in 1816; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1816 and commenced practice in Greensboro, Ga.; member, State house of representatives; elected as a State Rights candidate to the Twenty-fourth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Coffee; reelected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth, Twenty-sixth, and Twenty-seventh Congresses and served from November 7, 1836, to November 13, 1841, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Mileage (Twenty-fifth Congress), Committee on Claims (Twenty-sixth Congress), Committee on Military Affairs (Twenty-seventh Congress); unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Georgia in 1841; judge of the Ocmulgee circuit court 1845; elected as a Whig to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1855; chairman, Committee on Private Land Claims (Thirty-second Congress); presided over the Southern convention at Memphis in 1853; died in Greensboro, Ga., on May 5, 1856; interment in Greensboro Cemetery.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 item.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1837-1855. 10 items. Routine business correspondence.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 4 letters.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: April 26, 1854. 1 letter. To Dawson asking if he had stated, "Iowa will be a slave state in fifteen years.''

  • Mellichamp, Josephine. "William C. Dawson.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 127-30. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.
  • Walton, Brian G. "Georgia Elections to the United States Senate, 1840-1860.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 61 (Summer 1977): 140-55.