Library of Congress
DEPEW, Chauncey Mitchell (1834-1928)

DEPEW, CHAUNCEY MITCHELL, (great-great-nephew of Roger Sherman), a Senator from New York; born in Peekskill, N.Y., April 23, 1834; attended private schools; graduated from the Peekskill Military Academy in 1852 and from Yale College in 1856; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1858 and commenced practice at Peekskill, N.Y., in 1859; member, State assembly 1861-1862; secretary of State of New York 1863; appointed United States Minister to Japan by President Andrew Johnson, was confirmed by the Senate, but declined; unsuccessful candidate for election as lieutenant governor in 1872; colonel and judge advocate of the fifth division of the New York National Guard 1873-1881; unsuccessful Republican candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1881; appointed president of the New York Central Hudson River Railroad Co. 1885-1899, and later became chairman of the board of directors of that railroad system; unsuccessful candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1888; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1899; reelected in 1905 and served from March 4, 1899, to March 3, 1911; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1910; chairman, Committee on Revision of the Laws of the United States (Fifty-seventh through Sixtieth Congresses), Committee on Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico (Sixty-first Congress); resumed his legal and corporate business pursuits in New York City, where he died on April 5, 1928; interment in Hillside Cemetery, Peekskill, N.Y.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in interview by Beverly R. Robinson.

George Washington University
Washington, DC
Papers: Ca. 1865-1928 (bulk 1880-1928). 19.5 cubic feet. Correspondence; manuscript speeches; photographs; 32 scrapbooks concerning speeches, travels, and politics; 6 scrapbooks containing obituaries; copies of books written by Depew; and photograph album of 10th National Republican Convention (1892) in Minneapolis. Also a bust.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In New York Central Railroad Company minute books, 1847-1950, on 23 microfilm reels, originals in Penn Central Corporation records. Master negative and copy in New York Public Library. Also discussed in Joseph S. Harris autobiography, 1836-1910. Photoprint of original in U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, PA.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (March 28, 1867) in Donna Workman autograph collection, 1792-1936.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1865-1928. Ca. 150 items. Photocopies of originals in George Washington University Library. Correspondence and clippings relating to his activities as official of the New York Central Railroad, senator, and orator. Also correspondence in Louis Theodore Michener papers, 1880-1927. Finding aid.

Museum of the City of New York
New York, NY
Papers: 1924. 1 item. Also photographs and portrait.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in McDowell family papers, 1792-1966.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1879-1923. 28 letters.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1887-1922. 1 box. Chiefly letters received from various persons prominent in American and English political and social life. Finding aid.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 8 letters (1892-1924) in various collections including Albert D. Shaw papers, 1830-1920; and Edwin Denison Morgan papers, 1830-1872.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1890. 1 item.

Rockefeller Archive Center
North Tarrytown, NY
Papers: In the John D. Rockefeller letterbooks, 1877-1918.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: 1864-1927. 42 items. Outgoing business and personal correspondence including letters to constituents, recommendations for appointments, and correspondence concerning speaking engagements.
Additional Papers: Items in Levi P. Morton correspondence, 1860-1912; William J. Arkell collection, 1881-1894; Rose Heloise Durant letters, 1873-1945; and Ashley W. Cole letters, 1882-1916.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 1880-1928. 6 linear feet. Correspondence, accounts and reminiscences of his political activities, scrapbooks of newspaper clippings documenting his personal life, business affairs as president of the New York Central Railroad, and political career as senator and delegate-at-large to nine Republican conventions. Available on 6 microfilm reels. Portrait. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (bulk 1892-1958); Beer family papers,1740-1981 (bulk 1827-1981); and Farnam family papers, 1721-1941 (bulk 1850-1937).
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: University of Virginia, Alderman Library, Charlottesville, VA.

  • Champlin, John Denison, ed. Orations, Addresses and Speeches of Chauncey M. Depew. 8 vols. New York: Privately printed, 1910.
  • Depew, Chauncey Mitchell. My Memories of Eighty Years. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1922.
  • Eardeley, William A., comp. Chronology and Ancestry of Chauncey M. Depew. New York: n.p., 1918. Includes a brief biographical sketch.
  • Murphy, Arthur F. "The Political Personality of Chauncey Mitchell Depew.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Fordham University, 1959.
  • Parmet, Robert D. "The Presidential Fever of Chauncey Depew.'' New-York Historical Society Quarterly 54 (July 1970): 269-90.
  • Yeager, Willard Hayes, ed. Chauncey Mitchell Depew: The Orator. Washington: George Washington University Press, 1934.