DIRKSEN, Everett McKinley (1896-1969)
Senate Years of Service: 1951-1969

DIRKSEN, EVERETT MCKINLEY, (father-in-law of Howard Baker), a Representative and a Senator from Illinois; born in Pekin, Tazewell County, Ill., January 4, 1896; attended public schools and the University of Minnesota College of Law at Minneapolis; during the First World War served overseas as a private and later as a second lieutenant of Field Artillery 1918-1919; general manager of a dredging company 1922-1925; commissioner of finance of Pekin, Ill., 1927-1931; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1936 and commenced practice in Pekin, Ill.; elected as a Republican to the Seventy-third and to the seven succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1933-January 3, 1949); chairman, Committee on District of Columbia (Eightieth Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1948; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1950; reelected in 1956, 1962, and again in 1968, and served from January 3, 1951, until his death in Washington, D.C., September 7, 1969; Republican whip 1957-1959; minority leader 1959-1969; chairman, Joint Committee on Inaugural Arrangements (Ninetieth Congress); lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, September 9-10, 1969; interment in Glendale Memorial Gardens, Pekin, Ill.

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Springfield, IL
Papers: Letters and documents relating to Dirksen's demand for Alschuler's impeachment for partiality in a patent case in Samuel Alschuler papers, 1885-1969.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 4 audiotapes (1965-1967) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Chicago Historical Society
Chicago, IL
Papers: 57 items (1937-1961) in Sterling Morton papers, 1885-1961. Personal correspondence. Finding aid.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 2 letters (April 27, 1954; June 7, 1955) in the V.K. Wellington Koo collection. Official correspondence. Finding aid.

Dakota State University
Karl E. Mundt Library
Madison, SD
Papers: Correspondence in Karl E. Mundt papers, 1927-1972. Finding aid.

Everett M. Dirksen Congressional Leadership Research Center
Pekin, IL
Papers: Ca. 1900-1970. 1,800 feet. Personal, business, and congressional papers and correspondence, including 200-page memoir (1896-1950), photographs, portraits, motion picture film (including Your Senator Reports), sound recordings, and memorabilia. Finding aid. Restricted.
Oral history: Discussed in interviews with Glee and John Gomien, executive secretary and administrative assistant, respectively (July 23, 1980), 43 and 42 pages; and with Roman L. Hruska (January 5 and April 22, 1981), 240 minutes.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: Correspondence in Maurice du Pont Lee papers, 1900-1973; and Jasper E. Crane papers, 1893-1970 (bulk 1926-1969).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Robert A. Taft papers, (1885-1962).

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
Austin, TX
Oral history: May 8, 1968; March 21, 1969; July 30, 1969. 13 pages, 15 pages, and 8 pages.

Princeton University
Dulles Oral History Project
Princeton, NJ
Oral history: 1966. 12 pages.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Edith Nourse Rogers papers, 1881-1960; and Emma Guffey Miller papers, 1887-1970 (bulk 1920-1970).

Sioux City Public Museum
Sioux City, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Barnett Huff papers, 1907-1968.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: In Alexander Wiley papers, 1913-1967; and Republican Party of Wisconsin records 1938-1988.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives
Norman, OK
Papers: Correspondence in Jack Bell papers, 1937-1940.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; Louis Carlisle Walker papers, 1881-1963; Elly Peterson papers, 1943-1985; John Butlin Martin papers, 1948-1965; George Francis Lemble papers, 1958-1968; George Wilcken Romney papers, 1939-1973; and Owen J. Cleary papers, 1944-1959. Finding aid.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Felix Edgar Wormser papers, 1940-1965. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969; Ogden Rogers Reid papers, 1925-1982; and George Howard Edward Smith papers, 1917-1962.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: St. John's University, Jamaica, NY; Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; University of Illinois, Urbana, IL; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Michigan, Rare Books, Ann Arbor, MI; University of Minnesota, Immigration History Research Center, St. Paul, MN; and Wayne State University, Walter P. Reuther Library, Detroit, MI.

  • Bauer, Fred, ed. Ev: The Man and His Words. Old Tappan, NJ: Hewitt House, 1969.
  • Cronin, Jean Torcom. "Minority Leadership in the United States Senate: The Role and Style of Everett Dirksen.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1973.
  • Deason, Brian. "Scott Lucas, Everett Dirksen, and the 1950 Senate Election in Illinois." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 95 (Spring 2002): 33-51.
  • Dirksen, Everett M. "Big Government--The Road to Tyranny.'' American Economic Security 10 (May-July 1953): 9-17.
  • Dirksen, Everett M. The Education of a Senator. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998.
  • Dirksen, Louella, with Norma Lee Browning. The Honorable Mr. Marigold: My Life with Everett Dirksen. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Co., 1972.
  • Fonsino, Frank J. "Everett McKinley Dirksen: The Roots of an American Statesman.'' Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 76 (Spring 1983): 17-34.
  • Hulsey, Byron C. "Himself First, His Party Second, Lyndon Johnson Third: Everett Dirksen and the Vietnam War, 1967." Congress The Presidency 22 (Fall 1995): 167-81.
  • ___. Everett Dirksen and His Presidents: How a Senate Giant Shaped American Politics. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001.
  • ___. "'He is my President': Everett Dirksen, John Kennedy, and the Politics of Consensus." Journal of Illinois History 2 (Autumn 1999): 183-204.
  • Keynes, Edward. "The Dirksen Amendment: A Study of Legislative Strategy, Tactics and Public Policy.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1967.
  • Kyvig, David E. "Everett Dirksen's Constitutional Crusades." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 95:1 (2002): 68-85.
  • Loomis, Burdett. "Everett M. Dirksen: The Consummate Minority Leader.'' In First Among Equals: Outstanding Senate Leaders of the Twentieth Century, edited by Richard A. Baker and Roger H. Davidson, pp. 236-63. Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1991.
  • MacNeil, Neil. Dirksen: Portrait of a Public Man. New York: World Publishing Co., 1970.
  • Penney, Annette Culler. The Golden Voice of the Senate. Washington: Acropolis Books, 1968.
  • Rosenberger, Francis Coleman. "Washington's Jim Berryman, 1902-1971: Cartoons of Senator Dirksen.'' In Records of the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C., 1971-1972, vol. 48, edited by Francis Coleman Rosenberger, pp. 758-75. Washington: Columbia Historical Society, 1973.
  • Schapsmeier, Edward L. "Dirksen and Douglas of Illinois: The Pragmatist and the Professor as Contemporaries in the United States Senate.'' Illinois Historical Journal 83 (Summer 1990): 75-84.
  • Schapsmeier, Edward L., and Frederick H. Schapsmeier. Dirksen of Illinois: Senatorial Statesman. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985.
  • ___. "Everett M. Dirksen of Pekin: Politician Par Excellence.'' Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 76 (Spring 1983): 3-16.
  • ___. "Senator Everett M. Dirksen and American Foreign Policy: From Isolationism to Cold War Interventionism.'' Old Northwest 7 (Winter 1981-1982): 359-72.
  • Torcom, Jean E. "Leadership: The Role and Style of Senator Everett Dirksen.'' In To Be a Congressman: The Promise and the Power, edited by Sven Groennings and Jonathan P. Hawley, pp. 185-223. Washington: Acropolis Books, 1973.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States, Together with Tributes Presented in Eulogy of Everett McKinley Dirksen, Late a Senator from Illinois. 91st Cong., 1st sess., 1969. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1970.