Library of Congress
DIX, John Adams (1798-1879)
Senate Years of Service: 1845-1849

DIX, JOHN ADAMS, (Son-in-law of John Jordan Morgan), a Senator from New York; born in Boscawen, N.H., July 24, 1798; completed preparatory studies; during the War of 1812 was appointed a cadet, promoted to ensign, and took part in the operations on the Canadian frontier; served in the United States Army until 1828, having attained the rank of captain; studied law and was admitted to the bar in Washington, D.C.; settled in Cooperstown, N.Y., and began the practice of law; moved to Albany in 1830, having been appointed adjutant general of the State and served from 1831 to 1833; canal commissioner; member, State assembly 1842; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Silas Wright, Jr., and served from January 18, 1845, to March 3, 1849; was not a candidate for reelection, having become a candidate for Governor; chairman, Committee on Pensions (Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses), Committee on Commerce (Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congresses); unsuccessful Free-Soil candidate for Governor in 1848; Assistant Treasurer of the United States at New York 1853; appointed postmaster of the city of New York 1860-1861; appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President James Buchanan 1861; served in the Union Army as major general 1861-1865; United States Minister to France 1866-1869; Governor of New York 1873-1875; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874 and for election as mayor of New York City in 1876; died in New York City, April 21, 1879; interment in Trinity Cemetery.

Albany Institute of History and Art
Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Erastus Dow Palmer papers, 1852-1898. Finding aid.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 8 items.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1813-1879. 6.5 linear feet; ca. 1,226 items. Personal correspondence and papers, chiefly with prominent military, political and literary figures; speeches; essays; clippings; and leaflets. Finding aid.
Papers: 9 letters in Azariah Flagg papers, 1824-1866, on 1 microfilm reel; and in Renwick family papers, 1794-1916.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Ca. 15 items in Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1800-1905. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Maria and Elizabeth Gilpin collection, 1739-1878; Salmon Portland Chase collection, 1824-1881; and James Buchanan papers, 1775-1868.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Warren Hunting Smith Library
Geneva, NY
Papers: 1 68-page pamphlet by Dix.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 memorandum (February 21, 1861) in Donna Workman autograph collection, 1792-1936; 1 letter (December 30, 1867) in Post family papers, 1857-1895; and 1 letter (March 26, 1877) in Seymour autograph collection, 1750-1945.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1863, 1873. 2 items and photograph.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Holliday Hicks papers, 1659-1900.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Ca. 65 letters (1818-1877) in various collections.

Museum of the City of New York
New York, NY
Papers: 1877. 1 item. Also portrait.

New York State Archives
Albany, NY
Papers: Gubernatorial files.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 1831-1876. 90 items. Includes correspondence (1831-1876), nomination (1873), manuscript and typescript relating to the "shoot to kill'' order. Also 4 volumes of letterbooks (1867-1874) while minister to France and governor.
Papers: Correspondence in Gilbert Hilton Scribner papers, 1868-1911; Edwin Denison Morgan papers, 1830-1872; Gideon Lee papers, 1804-1868; and Charles Lanman collection, 1829-1869 (bulk 1855-1869).

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1823-1877. 48 items. Correspondence concerning politics, legislation, personal affairs, and portrait.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1824-1877. 7 items.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Josiah A. Noonan papers, 1834-1880.

State University of New York
Poetry and Rare Books
Plattsburgh, NY
Papers: 10 letters (1842-1874) in the Lockwood collection.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: 1831-1879. .75 linear foot; ca. 130 items. Chiefly outgoing correspondence, more than half addressed to Edwards Pierrepont between 1861 and 1877. Topics include Civil War, Reconstruction, New York State and national politics, and French politics and foreign relations preceding the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. Additional correspondence in Heloise Durant Rose papers, 1873-1945.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 130 letters (1832-1874) in various collections. Finding aid.

Winterthur Museum
Winterthur, DE
Papers: In Salem Howe Wales papers, 1837-1908.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Adirondack Museum, Blue Mountain Lake, NY; Albany Institute of History and Art, Albany, NY; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Jefferson County Historical Society, Watertown, NY; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art, Washington, DC; and Yale University Library, New Haven, CT.

  • Dix, John Adams. Speeches and Occasional Addresses. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1864.
  • Dix, Morgan, ed. Memoirs of John Adams Dix. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1883.
  • Lichterman, Martin. "John Adams Dix, 1798-1879.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1952.
  • Schmidt, William C., Jr. "John A. Dix: Financial Statesman.'' Manuscripts 42 (Fall 1990): 321-23.