Library of Congress
DUBOIS, Fred Thomas (1851-1930)
Senate Years of Service: 1891-1897; 1901-1907

DUBOIS, FRED THOMAS, A Delegate and a Senator from Idaho; born in Palestine, Crawford County, Ill., May 29, 1851; attended the public schools, and graduated from Yale College in 1872; secretary of the Board of Railway and Warehouse Commissioners of Illinois 1875-1876; moved Idaho Territory in 1880 and engaged in business; United States marshal of Idaho 1882-1886; elected as a Republican Delegate from the Territory of Idaho to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses and served from March 4, 1887, to July 3, 1890; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1891, to March 3, 1897; unsuccessful Silver Republican candidate for reelection to the United States Senate in 1896; chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Fifty-fourth Congress); elected as a Silver Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1901, to March 3, 1907; not a candidate for reelection; shortly after his election to the Senate as a Silver Republican he became a Democrat; took up his residence in Washington, D.C.; appointed civilian member of the Board of Ordnance and Fortifications 1918-1920; appointed by President Calvin Coolidge to International Joint Commission created to prevent disputes regarding the use of the boundary waters between the United States and Canada 1924-1930; died in Washington, D.C., February 14, 1930; interment in Grove City Cemetery, Blackfoot, Idaho.

Idaho State Historical Society
Boise, ID
Papers: 2-volume manuscript autobiography [ca. 1922], in part published as Autobiography (microform) and The Making of a State, 1971; leaflet (March 3, 1892) describing election of Dubois to the U.S. Senate; and a recommendation in John James Burns papers, 1896-1918.

Idaho State University
Pocatello, ID
Papers: 1868-1930 (bulk 1896-1907). 26 linear feet. Political and personal correspondence, 30 political scrapbooks, speeches, subject files, articles, and memorabilia, chiefly concerning his second term in the U.S. Senate; management of Champ Clark's campaign for 1912 presidential nomination; Idaho anti-Mormon movement; free silver, anti-imperialism, forest reserves issues; Idaho politics; and his later personal and political activities.
Additional Papers: 1 speech (1896) to National Geographic Society; correspondence in Charles E. Arney papers, 1900-1914; and in Edna M. Dubois, wife of the senator, collection, 1901-1931.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: Correspondence in John Lawrence Toole estate papers, 1902-1909.

  • Clements, Louis J., ed. Fred T. Dubois's "The Making of a State''. Rexburg: Eastern Idaho Publishing Co., 1971.
  • Cook, Rufus G. "The Political Suicide of Senator Fred T. Dubois of Idaho.'' Pacific Northwest Quarterly 60 (October 1969): 193-98.
  • Ellis, Elmer. "The Silver Republicans in the Election of 1896." The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 18:4 (March 1932): 519-534.
  • Graff, Leo W., Jr. "Fred T. Dubois and the Silver Issue, 1896.''Pacific Northwest Quarterly 53 (October 1962): 138-44.
  • ___. The Senatorial Career of Fred T. Dubois of Idaho, 1890-1907. New York: Garland Publishing, 1988.
  • Lauterbach, Margaret. "A Plentitude of Senators.'' Idaho Yesterdays 21 (Fall 1977): 2-8
  • Wells, Merle W. "Fred T. DuBois and the Idaho Progressives.''Idaho Yesterdays 4 (Summer 1960): 24-31.
  • ___. "Unexpected Allies: Fred T. Dubois and the Mormons in 1916.'' Idaho Yesterdays 35 (Fall 1991): 27-33.
  • Young, Bradley J. "Westernism and Silverism: Fred T. Dubois and the Idaho Silver Republicans, 1890-1901." MA Thesis, Utah State University, 1992.