DULLES, John Foster (1888-1959)
Senate Years of Service: 1949-1949

DULLES, JOHN FOSTER, a Senator from New York; born in Washington, D.C., February 25, 1888; attended the public schools of Watertown, N.Y.; graduated from Princeton University in 1908; attended the Sorbonne, Paris, in 1908 and 1909; graduated from the law school of George Washington University, Washington, D.C., in 1911; admitted to the bar and commenced the practice of law in New York City in 1911; special agent for Department of State in Central America in 1917; during the First World War served as a captain and a major in the United States Army Intelligence Service 1917-1918; assistant to chairman, War Trade Board 1918; counsel to American Commission to Negotiate Peace 1918-1919; member of Reparations Commission and Supreme Economic Council 1919; legal adviser, Polish Plan of Financial Stabilization 1927; American representative, Berlin Debt Conferences 1933; member, United States delegation, San Francisco Conference on World Organization 1945; adviser to Secretary of State at Council of Foreign Ministers in London 1945, Moscow and London 1947, and Paris 1949; representative to the General Assembly of the United Nations 1946-1949 and chairman of the United States delegation in Paris 1948; trustee of Rockefeller Foundation; chairman of the board, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; member of the New York State Banking Board 1946-1949; appointed on July 7, 1949, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert F. Wagner and served from July 7, 1949, to November 8, 1949, when a duly elected successor qualified; unsuccessful candidate for election to the vacancy; United States representative to the Fifth General Assembly of the United Nations 1950; consultant to the Secretary of State 1951-1952; appointed Secretary of State by President Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1959; died in Washington, D.C., May 24, 1959; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral history: 1949. 13 pages. New York Political Studies collection. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce. Also discussed in numerous interviews with other individuals including Ellis Ormsbee Briggs (1970).

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Yong-jeung Kim papers, 1906-1975; Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs records, 1914-1986; Overbrook Press records 1929-1978; V. K. Wellington Koo papers, [ca. 1906]-1976; Columbia University historical records, tapes, and films [ca.1902]-1971; and Geoffrey Parsons papers, ca. 1919-1959. Finding aid.

Dakota State University
Karl E. Mundt Library
Madison, SD
Papers: Correspondence in Karl E. Mundt papers, 1927-1972. Finding aid.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: Correspondence in Grenville Clark papers, 1882-1967. Finding aid.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
Abilene, KS
Papers: 1951-1959. 29 feet. Secretary of state papers. Finding aid.
Papers: Material relating to international conferences in Carl W. McCardle papers, 1953-1957; material relating to Dulles' gift of his papers in John Wesley Hanes papers, 1955-1961; and reports in President's Citizen Advisors on the Mutual Security Program records, 1956-1957. Finding aid.

George C. Marshall Research Foundation Library
Lexington, VA
Papers: Correspondence in George Catlett Marshall papers, 1932-1960. Finding aid.

Harvard University
Law School Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Manley Ottmer Hudson papers, 1894-1960; James Angell MacLachlan papers, 1925-1960; and Alger Hiss papers, 1923-1983 (bulk 1948-1952). Finding aid.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Christian Archibald Herter papers, 1929-1967 (bulk 1943-1966).

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Atwood Ballantine papers, 1901-1964. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Robinson Luce papers, 1917-1967.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Correspondence with Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. papers.

New York City
Municipal Archives
New York, NY
Oral history: Interviews in WNYC radio station collection of broadcast recordings, 1938-1970. Access restricted, advance notice required.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library
Princeton, NJ
Papers: 1888-1961 (bulk 1908-1959). 273 cubic feet. Covers his entire career. Includes articles, speeches, manuscripts of publications, statements, testimony, interviews, reports, correspondence, diaries and journals (1907-1938), conference dossiers, clippings, recordings, photographs, and memorabilia. Topics include the Hague Conference of 1907, the American Commission to Negotiate Peace (1918-1919), the Reparations Commission (1919), the German Debt Conferences (1933-1934), San Francisco Conference on World Organization (1945), the United Nations General Assembly (1946-1950), Council on Foreign Ministers, and Japanese Peace Treaty negotiations (1951), term as U.S. senator (1949), campaign for election to the Senate (1949), and position as secretary of state. Also includes papers of his wife, Janet Avery Dulles. Finding aid available on home page. Copyright restrictions.
Papers: In Dwight D. Eisenhower presidential papers relating to Dulles, 1951-1959 (photocopies of originals at Eisenhower Library); Allen W. Dulles papers, 1845-1971 (bulk 1902-1969); and photographs, 1950-1960. Finding aid.
Oral history: 1964-1967. 12.4 cubic feet of transcripts; 315 hours of interviews with 250 people who knew Dulles. Main topics include Versailles Treaty and the League of Nations; the Federal Council of Churches; the San Francisco Conference of 1945; the United Nations charter; NATO; Japanese Peace Treaty (1951); relations of Secretary Dulles with president, Congress, Department of State, his staff, and U.S. and foreign statesmen; the Near East and the Far East; McCarthyism; and the Bricker amendment. Available on 13 microfilm reels. Finding aid. Some interviews are temporarily closed or require special permission to read.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Edith Spurlock Sampson papers, 1927-1979; Jessica McCullough Weis papers, 1925-1962; and Mildred Buchanan Flagg papers, 1876-1955 (bulk 1900-1955).

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Alexander Wiley papers, 1913-1967; George A. Sloan papers, 1917-1955; Elizabeth Boody Schumpeter papers, 1938-1953; Richard Halsworth Rovere papers, 1931-1968; John M. Hightower papers, 1944-1965; Thomas D'Arcy Brophy papers, 1921-1967; and Hilmar Robert Baukhage papers, 1906-1962. Finding aid.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Nicholas Roosevelt papers, 1846-1962; Nathan Lewis Miller papers, 1902-1958; Herman Hagedorn papers, 1904-1962; and Edward Corsi papers, 1918-1968.

University of Maine
Fogler Library Special Collections
Orono, ME
Papers: Items (1957-1965) in the James Russell Wiggins papers, 1908-1985.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; Alexander Grant Ruthven papers, 1901-1961; Frank A. Picard papers, 1907-1963; and Jay G. Hayden scrapbooks, 1916-1965. Finding aid.

University of Oregon
Eugene, OR
Papers: Correspondence in William P. Woodard papers, 1869-1974; and Wayne Lyman Morse papers, 1919-1969.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas E. Dewey papers, 1904-1971 (bulk 1925-1971).

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Everett Ross Clinchy papers, 1930-1974. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 11 microfilm reels of minutes of telephone conversations (1953-1961) of Dulles and Christian Herter. Originals in Eisenhower Library.
Papers: Correspondence in Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (bulk 1892-1958); Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942 (bulk 1915-1921); Arthur Bliss Lane papers, 1904-1957; Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (bulk 1929-1957); Edwin Montefiore Borchard papers, 1910-1950; Charles Telford Erickson papers, 1908-1973; Dean Acheson papers, 1898-1986; Vance Criswell McCormick papers, 1907-1946; Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1929-1988; and Anne Morrow Lindbergh papers, 1906-1988, restricted. Finding aid.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; American Institute of Physics Library, New York, NY; Cornell University Libraries, Ithaca, NY; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Harvard Business School, Baker Library, Boston, MA; Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, MA; Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford, CA; Johns Hopkins University, Milton S. Eisenhower Library, Baltimore, MD; New York Public Library, New York, NY; Rockefeller Archive Center, North Tarrytown, NY; University of California, Bancroft Library, Berkeley, CA; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; and Yale University Divinity School, New Haven, CT.

  • Arend, Anthony Clark. Pursuing a Just and Durable Peace: John Foster Dulles and International Organization. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.
  • Beal, John Robinson. John Foster Dulles: 1888-1959. 1957. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974. Originally published as John Foster Dulles, a Biography.
  • Berding, Andrew Henry Thomas. Dulles on Diplomacy. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1965.
  • Challener, Richard, ed. The Correspondence Series and Speeches Series of the Personal Papers of John Foster Dulles (1888-1959). Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1993. Microfilm. 67 reels and guide.
  • Comfort, Mildred Houghton. John Foster Dulles, Peacemaker: A Biographical Sketch of the Former Secretary of State. Minneapolis: T.S. Denison, 1960.
  • Devine, Michael. "Continuity and Consistency in American Foreign Relations: The Foster/Dulles Approach.'' Peace and Change 8 (Fall 1982): 57-69.
  • Dulles, Eleanor Lansing. John Foster Dulles: The Last Year. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1963.
  • Dulles, John Foster. "The Allied Debts.'' Foreign Affairs 1 (September 15, 1922): 116-32.
  • ___. War or Peace. New York: MacMillan Co., 1957.
  • ___. War, Peace, and Change. 1939. Reprint, with new introduction by Charles Chatfield. New York: Garland Publishing 1971.
  • Gerson, Louis L. John Foster Dulles. New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1968.
  • Goold-Adams, Richard J. John Foster Dulles: A Reappraisal. 1962. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.
  • Guhin, Michael A. John Foster Dulles: A Statesman and His Times. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
  • Heller, Deane, and David Heller. John Foster Dulles, Soldier For Peace. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1960.
  • Hoopes, Townsend. The Devil and John Foster Dulles. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1973.
  • Ladenburger, John F. "The Philosophy of International Politics of John Foster Dulles, 1919-1952.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1969.
  • Mosley, Leonard. Dulles: A Biography of Eleanor, Allen, and John Foster Dulles and Their Family Network. New York: Dial Press, 1978.
  • Mulder, John M. "The Moral World of John Foster Dulles: A Presbyterian Layman and International Affairs.'' Journal of Presbyterian History 49 (Summer 1971): 157-82.
  • Platig, Emil Raymond. "John Foster Dulles: A Study of His Political and Moral Thought Prior to 1953, with Special Emphasis on International Relations.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1958.
  • Pruessen, Ronald W. "John Foster Dulles and Reparations at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919: Early Patterns of a Life.'' Perspectives in American History 8 (1974): 381-410.
  • ___. John Foster Dulles: The Road to Power. New York: Free Press, 1982.
  • Toulouse, Mark G. The Transformation of John Foster Dulles: From Prophet of Realism to Priest of Nationalism. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1985.
  • Van Dusen, Henry P., ed. The Spiritual Legacy of John Foster Dulles: Selections from His Articles and Addresses. 1960. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1972.
  • Yates, Lawrence Arthur. "John Foster Dulles and Bipartisanship, 1944-1952.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1981.