EPPES, John Wayles (1773-1823)

EPPES, JOHN WAYLES, (son-in-law of Thomas Jefferson), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia; born at Eppington, Chesterfield County, Va., April 19, 1773; attended the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia; graduated from Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia in 1786; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1794 and commenced practice in Richmond, Va.; member, State house of delegates 1801-1803; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1811); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Twelfth Congress; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Eleventh Congress); engaged in agricultural pursuits; elected to the Thirteenth Congress (March 4, 1813-March 3, 1815); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Fourteenth Congress; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Thirteenth Congress); elected to the United States Senate in 1815, but declined to accept the seat; again elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1817, until December 4, 1819, when he resigned because of ill health; chairman, Committee on Finance (Fifteenth Congress); retired to his estate, 'Millbrooke,' in Buckingham County, Va., where he died September 13, 1823; interment in the private cemetery of the Eppes family at Millbrook, near Curdsville, Va.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825 (available on microfilm).

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1807-1819. 15 items and 1 volume. Family correspondence, and reminiscences.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1813-1818. 5 letters.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: January 18, 1811. 1 letter.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1 foot (1783-1823) in various collections. Chiefly about the Jefferson family, some have political content. In part copies of letters at Duke; Massachusetts Historical Society; and the Jefferson National Expansion Project, St. Louis, MO. Finding aids.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections. Also photographs.

  • Bailey, James H. "John Wayles Eppes, Planter and Politician.'' Master's thesis, University of Virginia, 1942.
  • Brant, Irving. "John W. Eppes, John Randolph, and Henry Adams.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 63 (July 1955): 251-56.