EWING, Thomas (1789-1871)
Senate Years of Service: 1831-1837; 1850-1851
EWING, THOMAS, (father of Thomas Ewing [1829-1896]), a Senator from Ohio; born near West Liberty, Ohio County, Va. (now West Virginia), December 28, 1789; moved to Ohio with his parents in 1792; pursued preparatory studies; graduated from Ohio University at Athens in 1816; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1816 and commenced practice in Lancaster, Ohio; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1831, to March 3, 1837; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1836; chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Twenty-fourth Congress); appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President William Henry Harrison and served from March 5 to September 13, 1841; appointed Secretary of the Interior by President Zachary Taylor 1849-1850; appointed as a Whig to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas Corwin and served from July 20, 1850, to March 3, 1851; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1851; resumed the practice of law in Lancaster; delegate to the peace convention held in Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; appointed Secretary of War by President Andrew Johnson in February 1868, but the Senate refused to confirm the appointment; died in Lancaster, Ohio, October 26, 1871; interment in St. Mary's Cemetery.
American Philosophical Society
Papers: Correspondence in Patterson-Lord papers, [ca.1809]-1876.
Cincinnati Historical Society
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.
Indiana Historical Society
Papers: Correspondence in Samuel C. Vance papers, 1788-1902 (bulk 1799-1893); and Harlow Lindley collection, 1790-1913.
Papers: 1 letter (June 29, 1849) in Seymour autograph collection, 1750-1945; and 8 letters (May 26-August 25, 1841) in Donna Workman autograph collection.
Library of Congress
Papers: Correspondence and legal papers in Thomas Ewing family papers, 1757-1941 (bulk 1830-1900), 123 linear feet. Correspondence, diaries, journals, biographical material, genealogical records, legal and military papers, financial papers, drafts and printed copies of speeches, lectures, articles, reports, scrapbooks, photographs, and memorabilia. Topics include westward expansion and frontier life, the disposal of public lands, local Ohio and national Whig politics, anti-Jacksonianism and the U.S. Bank question, the organization of the Interior Department, and the Civil War and Reconstruction.
Papers: In the Charles Ewing family papers, 1769-1949, 31 containers; and 6 microfilm reels of originals (1815-1896) at University of Notre Dame. Finding aid.
Ohio Historical Society
Papers: 1800-1866. 1 foot. Correspondence, family papers, and genealogy. Also miscellaneous items and photographs in various collections including Micajah Terrell Williams papers, 1814-1906; and Henry Stanbery papers, 1838-1848, available on 1 microfilm reel.
Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1833. 3 items.
Rosenbach Museum and Library
Papers: April 7, 1849; March 22, 1850. 2 letters. From Abraham Lincoln.
University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In Alpheus Felch papers, 1817-1896.
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN
Papers: 1815-1896. 121 boxes. Legal, personal, and political correspondence, speeches, financial papers, legal papers, letterbooks, clippings, docket and account books pertaining to his law practice, tenure as secretary of the interior, and various personal and political matters. Includes relevant correspondence, clippings, scrapbooks, and photographs added to the collection from Philemon B. Ewing papers and William Tecumseh family papers. Available on 6 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Papers: 20 letters by and 19 to Ewing (1841-1867) in various collections. Finding aid.
Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In John McLean papers, 1817-1861, on 18 microfilm reels of originals at Library of Congress.
- Bradley, Lawrence J., ed. Thomas Ewing, Sr. Papers. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Archives, 1967. Microfilm. 6 reels and guide.
- Gilbert, Abby L. "Thomas Ewing, Sr.: Ohio's Advocate for a National Bank.'' Ohio History 82 (Winter-Spring 1973): 5-24.
- Jameson, J. Franklin, ed. "Diary of Thomas Ewing, August and September, 1841.'' American Historical Review 18 (October 1912): 97-112.
- Miller, Paul I. "Thomas Ewing, Last of the Whigs.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1934.
- Sherman, Ellen (Ewing). Memorial of Thomas Ewing, of Ohio. New York: Catholic Publication Society, 1873.
- Zsoldos, Sylvia Tammisto. "The Political Career of Thomas Ewing, Sr.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 1977.