FLANDERS, Ralph Edward (1880-1970)
Senate Years of Service: 1946-1959

FLANDERS, RALPH EDWARD, a Senator from Vermont; born in Barnet, Caledonia County, Vt., September 28, 1880; moved with his parents to Pawtucket, R.I., in 1886; attended the public schools at Pawtucket, Lincoln, and Central Falls, R.I.; engaged as a machinist apprentice at Providence, R.I., in 1897 and remained in the machine tool industry until his death; moved to Springfield, Vt., in 1910; president of the Federal Reserve Board of Boston 1944-1946; appointed on November 1, 1946, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending January 3, 1947, caused by the resignation of Warren R. Austin; elected in 1946 and again in 1952 and served from November 1, 1946, to January 3, 1959; was not a candidate for renomination in 1958; inventor of important developments in the machine tool industry; author of several books and articles on technical and sociological subjects; died in Springfield, Vt., February 19, 1970; cremated in Springfield, Mass., February 23, 1970; ashes deposited in Summer Hill Cemetery, Springfield, Vt.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: 1967. 51 leaves; 1 reel. Reminiscences, chiefly Senate investigation of Senator Joseph McCarthy and McCarthy and his effect on the nation and on the Republican party. Part of Eisenhower administration project. Microfiche available. Index. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
Abilene, KS
Oral History: 1967. 51 leaves. Furnished by Columbia University.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 1948-1953. 1 folder.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library
Mississippi State, MS
Papers: 1954. 1 item.

Mount Holyoke College Library
South Hadley, MA
Papers: In Institute on the United Nations records, 1946-1951.

Sheldon Museum Research Center
Middlebury, VT
Papers: Correspondence in Harold and Vonda Bergman papers, 1916-1990 (bulk 1935-1971).

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: 1951-1957 (bulk June-July 1954). 5.2 cubic feet. Chiefly letters received after he called for Senate censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy in 1954, and after McCarthy's death in 1957. Copies of a few replies by Flanders and clippings. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Bruce Barton papers, 1881-1967; William Benton papers, 1951-1961; and William Morris Leiserson papers, 1901-1959. Finding aid.
Oral History: Recorded interview from the ABC radio series "Cross Fire'' in Gunnar Back broadcasts collection, 1930-1979.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: 1903-1958. 82 linear feet. General (1923-1940), business (1930-1934) and senatorial (1946-1958) correspondence and personal papers including correspondence, records relating to engineering resources and patent materials, scrapbooks, memorabilia, writings, photographs, Vermont broadcasts, voting records, clippings, and a genealogy. Also 12 microfilm reels of originals in State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Louis Fabian Bachrach papers, 1950-1963; and Dorothy Thompson papers, 1914-1961 (bulk 1940-1961). Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; and Paul Blanshard papers, 1912-1974. Finding aid.

University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 2 letters to Mumford (1949, 1951) in Lewis Mumford papers, 1905-1987.

University of Vermont
Bailey/Howe Library
Burlington, VT
Papers: 3 folders of correspondence; photographs; and correspondence in Alfred Harris Heininger papers, 1900-1970.

Vermont Historical Society
Montpelier, VT
Papers: 1948-1958. 1 box. Transcripts of speeches and broadcasts. Also ca. 120 items in the Stephen Kelley papers, 1946-1948.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Millicent Todd Bingham papers, 1865-1968.

  • Flanders, Ralph Edward. The American Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950.
  • ___. The Function of Management in American Life. Stanford: Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, 1949.
  • ___. Gear-Cutting Machinery. New York: J. Wiley Sons, 1909.
  • ___. Letter to a Generation. Boston: Beacon Press, 1956.
  • ___. Platform for America. New York: Whittlesey House, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1936.
  • ___. Senator from Vermont. Boston: Little, Brown Co., 1961.
  • ___. Taming Our Machines: The Attainment of Human Values in a Mechanized Society. New York: R.R. Smith, 1931.
  • Griffith, Robert. "Ralph Flanders and the Censure of Senator Joseph R. McCarthy.'' Vermont History 39 (Winter 1971): 5-20.