FOOTE, Henry Stuart (1804-1880)

FOOTE, HENRY STUART, a Senator from Mississippi; born in Fauquier County, Va., February 28, 1804; pursued classical studies; graduated from Washington College (now Washington and Lee University), Lexington, Va., in 1819; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1823 and commenced practice in Tuscumbia, Ala., in 1825; moved to Mississippi in 1826 and practiced law in Jackson, Natchez, Vicksburg, and Raymond; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1847, until January 8, 1852, when he resigned to become Governor; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses); Governor of Mississippi 1852-1854; moved to California in 1854; returned to Vicksburg, Miss., in 1858; member of the Southern convention held at Knoxville in 1859; moved to Tennessee and settled near Nashville; elected to the First and Second Confederate Congresses; afterwards moved to Washington, D.C., and practiced law; appointed by President Rutherford Hayes superintendent of the mint at New Orleans 1878-1880; author; died in Nashville, Tenn., on May 20, 1880; interment in Mount Olivet Cemetery.

Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Jackson, MS
Papers: 1843-1853. 8 items. Correspondence. Also photographs and portrait.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 2 items (1878); and 1 letter (October 26, 1852) in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

University of Southern Mississippi
McCain Library and Archives
Hattiesburg, MS
Papers: 1853. 2 items. One letter by Foote and a copy of his autograph.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 1 letter to Colonel William Hickey requesting Hickey to draw a bill providing support for the governments of California, New Mexico, and Utah; and correspondence in the Charles Edward Rand letters, 1852-1857.

  • Coleman, James P. "Two Irascible Antebellum Senators: George Poindexter and Henry S. Foote.'' Journal of Mississippi History 46 (February 1984): 17-27.
  • Foote, Henry Stuart. The Bench and Bar of the South and Southwest. St. Louis: Soule, Thomas Wentworth, 1876.
  • ___. Casket of Reminiscences. 1874. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968.
  • ___. Texas and the Texans; or, Advance of the Anglo-Americans to the South-west; Including a History of Leading Events in Mexico, from the Conquest by Fernando Cortes to the Termination of the Texan Revolution. 2 vols. 1841. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International, 1978. Photocopy ed.
  • ___. War of the Rebellion. New York: Harper Brothers, 1866.
  • Gonzales, John Edmond. "Henry Stuart Foote: Confederate Congressman and Exile.'' Civil War History 11 (December 1965): 384-95.
  • ___. "Henry Stuart Foote: A Forgotten Unionist of the Fifties.''Southern Quarterly 1 (January 1963): 129-39.
  • ___. "The Public Career of Henry Stuart Foote (1804-1880).'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1958.
  • Wynne, Ben. The Man Who Punched Jefferson Davis. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2018.