GILMER, George Rockingham (1790-1859)

GILMER, GEORGE ROCKINGHAM, a Representative from Georgia; born near Lexington, Wilkes (now Oglethorpe) County, Ga., April 11, 1790; attended a classical school and an academy at Abbeville, S.C.; taught a private school while studying law; served as first lieutenant in the Forty-third Regiment, United States Infantry, from 1813 to 1815 in the campaign against the Creek Indians and built a fort on the Chattahoochie River near the present city of Atlanta; resumed the study of law and began practice in Lexington in 1818; member of the State house of representatives in 1818, 1819, and 1824; elected to as a Republican to the Seventeenth Congress (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1823); resumed the practice of law; trustee of the University of Georgia at Athens 1826-1857; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twentieth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Edward F. Tatnall and served from October 1, 1827, to March 3, 1829; reelected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress, but failing to signify his acceptance, the Governor announced a vacancy and ordered a new election; Governor of Georgia 1829-1831; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-third Congress (March 4, 1833-March 3, 1835); chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Twenty-third Congress); presidential elector in 1836 and voted for White and Tyler; again Governor of Georgia 1837-1839; presidential elector on the Whig ticket in 1840; author and historian; died in Lexington, Ga., November 16, 1859; interment in Presbyterian Cemetery.

Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names.
File is primarily incoming correspondence to the Governor of Georgia. Finding aid in repository.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: April 13, 1830; March 5, 1838; May 15, 1855.
3 letters. Personal and official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.


Newberry Library
Chicago, IL
Papers: In the Georgia Governor's Papers (1837-1839: Gilmer), 1837, 1 item.
Aland grant, signed by Georgia governor George R. Gilmer [in Milledgeville] on Dec. 21, 1837, awarding 160 acres of Creek Lands in Cherokee County, formerly occupied by the Cherokee Tribe, to James Griggs, "a soldier in the late war." The grant for Lot 270.10, based on Georgia Legislative acts of 1830 and 1831, carries signatures of Gilmer, B.T. Bethune, and McFarland. With the grant is a description of the tract, and a plat survey, signed by Jesse Cox, Surveyor General, both documents threaded together with faded red ribbon attached to a pendant 1799 State of Georgia seal.

  • Coulter, E. Merton. "The Dispute Over George R. Gilmer's Election to Congress in 1828." Georgia Historical Ouarterly 52 (June 1968): 159-86.
  • Gilmer, George R. Sketches of Some of the First Settlers of Upper Georgia, of the Cherokees, and the Author. New York: Appleton and Co., 1855. Indexed edition, reprinted from the author's revision and corrected edition of 1926, with an added index. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1965.