HAMILTON, James, Jr. (1786-1857)

HAMILTON, JAMES, JR., a Representative from South Carolina; born in Charleston, S.C., May 8, 1786; completed academic studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Charleston; served in the War of 1812 as major; mayor of Charleston; member of the State house of representatives, 1819-1823; elected as a Republican to the Seventeenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Lowndes; elected as a Jackson Republican to the Eighteenth Congress, and reelected as a Jacksonian to the Nineteenth, and Twentieth Congresses, and served from December 13, 1822, to March 3, 1829; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Eighteenth through Twentieth Congresses); Governor of South Carolina 1830-1832; moved to Texas; appointed diplomatic agent of the Republic of Texas to France, Great Britain, Belgium and the Netherlands in 1839; was drowned on November 15, 1857, while on his way from New Orleans to Galveston.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1830, 1832. 2 letters.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: January 13, 1824; January 26, 1826; May 25, 1844; March 24, 1845. 4 letters.
Personal and official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.


University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1781-1944. 1 foot and 36 feet of microfilm.
Materials gathered by J.G. de Roulhac Hamilton for a biography. Includes copies of material in other repositories and original letters concerning family matters, politics, and business. Restricted.


University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library
Columbia, SC
Papers: 1820-1859. 41 items.
Business and congressional papers and correspondence. Finding aid in repository.

  • [Cruger, Lewis]. A brief notice of the death and character of Gov. Hamilton of South Carolina. Washington: H. Polkinhorn, printer, 1857.
  • Glenn, Virginia L. "James Hamilton, Jr. of South Carolina: A Biography." Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1964.
  • Hamilton, James. Eulogium on Col. William A. Trimble. Carlisle, Pa.: Printed by G. Philips, 1822.
  • ------. An eulogium on the public services and character of Robert J. Turnbull, esq., delivered in St. Philip's Church, Charleston, on the 22d day of November, 1833, after the laying of the corner-stone of the monument erected by the State Rights' Party to his memory. Charleston: Printed by A.E. Miller, 1834.
  • ------. Important correspondence on the subject of state interposition, between His Excellency Gov. Hamilton, and Hon. John C. Calhoun. Charleston: Printed by A.E. Miller, 1832.
  • ------. An oration, delivered on the Fourth of July, 1821, before the Cincinnati and Revolution Societies. Charleston: Printed by A. E. Miller, 1821.
  • ------. Speech of James Hamilton, Jr. of South Carolina, in the House of Representatives, February 5, 1827, on the abuses of a government press. [Washington: N.p., 1827].
  • ------. Speech of Mr. Hamilton, of South Carolina, on the Panama Mission, delivered in the House of Representatives, April 6, 1826. Washington: Printed at the Office of the United States' Telegraph, 1826.
  • ------. Speech of Mr. Hamilton, of S.C., on the tariff bill. Delivered in the House of Representatives, U. S., April 6th 1824. Washington: Printed by Gales & Seaton, 1824.
  • ------. A speech on the operation of the tariff on the interests of the South, and the constitutional means of redressing its evils: Delivered at Walterborough, on the 21st Oct. 1828, by James Hamilton, jun., at a public dinner given to him by his constituents of Colleton District. Charleston: Printed by A. E. Miller, 1828.
  • Kell, Carl Lewis. "A Rhetorical History of James Hamilton, Jr.: The Nullification Era in South Carolina, 1816-1834." Ph.D. diss., University of Kansas, 1971.
  • Texas. Supreme Court. Obituary addresses on the occasion of the death of General James Hamilton, of South Carolina. Austin: Printed by J. Marshall & Co., 1857.
  • Tinkler, Robert. James Hamilton of South Carolina. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.