HAMPTON, Wade (1818-1902)
Senate Years of Service: 1879-1891
HAMPTON, WADE, (Grandson of Wade Hampton [1752-1835]), a Senator from South Carolina; born in Charleston, S.C., March 28, 1818; received private instruction, graduated from the South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1836; studied law but never practiced; planter; member, State house of representatives 1852-1856; member, State senate 1858-1861; served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, raising and commanding "Hampton's Legion"; three times wounded; made brigadier general in 1862, major general in 1863, and lieutenant general in 1865; Governor of South Carolina 1876-1879; elected in 1878 as a Democrat to the United States Senate; reelected in 1884 and served from March 4, 1879, until March 3, 1891; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; United States railroad commissioner 1893-1897; died in Columbia, S.C., April 11, 1902; interment in Trinity Cathedral Churchyard.
Alabama Department of Archives and History
Papers: In Confederate Officers Photograph Album, no date; and Durr family papers, 1868-1968.
Charleston Library Society
Papers: Items in correspondence, ca. 1750-1950.
Filson Club Historical Society
Papers: Correspondence in Johnston family papers, 1798 1943. Finding aid.
Papers: 5 letters (August 9, 1895; November 17, 1861; July 23, 1873; December 8, 1889; February 17, ?) in Sang-Lee Civil War collection, 1834-1906.
Library of Congress
Papers: In Wade Hampton family papers, 1793-1889. 1 container.
Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1880. 2 items.
Rosenbach Museum and Library
Papers: February 24 and 27, 1865. 2 letters. William Tecumseh Sherman asserts right of his troops to forage and Hampton's reply accuses foragers of burning houses and assaulting women.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Papers: 1876-1879. 8 feet and 3 letterbooks. Gubernatorial papers. Also miscellaneous military records and portraits.
South Carolina Historical Society
Papers: Correspondence in Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection, 1631-1979; Edward L. Wells collection, 1880-1920; and items in various other collections.
University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1791-1866, 1894-1907. 300 items. Antebellum and Civil War era family letters.
University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library
Papers: In Hampton family papers, 1773-1974. 1,209 items. Chiefly Civil War correspondence but includes some correspondence regarding Reconstruction and South Carolina politics. Finding aid.
University of Virginia
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.
Virginia Historical Society
Papers: Numerous items in various collections. Finding aid.
Winthrop College Library
Rock Hill, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Colleen Cecilia Yates collection, 1862-1978.
Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938.
- Andrew, Rod. Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
- Cauthen, Charles Edward, ed. Family Letters of the Three Wade Hamptons, 1782-1901. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1953.
- Jarrell, Hampton McNeely. Wade Hampton and the Negro: The Road Not Taken. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1949.
- Jones, DeWitt Grant. "Wade Hampton and the Rhetoric of Race: A Study of the Speaking of Wade Hampton on the Race Issue in South Carolina, 1865-1878.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Louisiana State University, 1988.
- Wellman, Manly Wade. Giant in Gray: A Biography of Wade Hampton of South Carolina. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1949.
- Wells, Edward Laight. Hampton and Reconstruction. Columbia, SC: State Co., 1907.
- Williams, Alfred Brockenbrough. Hampton and His Red Shirts: South Carolina's Deliverance in 1876. 1935. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1970.
- Wittenberg, Eric J. "Giant in Gray: Wade Hampton at Fayetteville." North & South 6 (2003): 82-86.