HAMPTON, Wade (1818-1902)
Senate Years of Service: 1879-1891

HAMPTON, WADE, (Grandson of Wade Hampton [1752-1835]), a Senator from South Carolina; born in Charleston, S.C., March 28, 1818; received private instruction, graduated from the South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1836; studied law but never practiced; planter; member, State house of representatives 1852-1856; member, State senate 1858-1861; served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, raising and commanding "Hampton's Legion"; three times wounded; made brigadier general in 1862, major general in 1863, and lieutenant general in 1865; Governor of South Carolina 1876-1879; elected in 1878 as a Democrat to the United States Senate; reelected in 1884 and served from March 4, 1879, until March 3, 1891; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; United States railroad commissioner 1893-1897; died in Columbia, S.C., April 11, 1902; interment in Trinity Cathedral Churchyard.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Confederate Officers Photograph Album, no date; and Durr family papers, 1868-1968.

Charleston Library Society
Charleston, SC
Papers: Items in correspondence, ca. 1750-1950.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: Correspondence in Johnston family papers, 1798 1943. Finding aid.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 5 letters (August 9, 1895; November 17, 1861; July 23, 1873; December 8, 1889; February 17, ?) in Sang-Lee Civil War collection, 1834-1906.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In Wade Hampton family papers, 1793-1889. 1 container.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1880. 2 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: February 24 and 27, 1865. 2 letters. William Tecumseh Sherman asserts right of his troops to forage and Hampton's reply accuses foragers of burning houses and assaulting women.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Columbia, SC
Papers: 1876-1879. 8 feet and 3 letterbooks. Gubernatorial papers. Also miscellaneous military records and portraits.

South Carolina Historical Society
Charleston, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection, 1631-1979; Edward L. Wells collection, 1880-1920; and items in various other collections.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1791-1866, 1894-1907. 300 items. Antebellum and Civil War era family letters.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library
Columbia, SC
Papers: In Hampton family papers, 1773-1974. 1,209 items. Chiefly Civil War correspondence but includes some correspondence regarding Reconstruction and South Carolina politics. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Numerous items in various collections. Finding aid.

Winthrop College Library
Rock Hill, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Colleen Cecilia Yates collection, 1862-1978.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938.

  • Andrew, Rod. Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Cauthen, Charles Edward, ed. Family Letters of the Three Wade Hamptons, 1782-1901. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1953.
  • Jarrell, Hampton McNeely. Wade Hampton and the Negro: The Road Not Taken. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1949.
  • Jones, DeWitt Grant. "Wade Hampton and the Rhetoric of Race: A Study of the Speaking of Wade Hampton on the Race Issue in South Carolina, 1865-1878.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Louisiana State University, 1988.
  • Wellman, Manly Wade. Giant in Gray: A Biography of Wade Hampton of South Carolina. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1949.
  • Wells, Edward Laight. Hampton and Reconstruction. Columbia, SC: State Co., 1907.
  • Williams, Alfred Brockenbrough. Hampton and His Red Shirts: South Carolina's Deliverance in 1876. 1935. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1970.
  • Wittenberg, Eric J. "Giant in Gray: Wade Hampton at Fayetteville." North & South 6 (2003): 82-86.