HANSBROUGH, Henry Clay (1848-1933)
Senate Years of Service: 1891-1909

HANSBROUGH, HENRY CLAY, a Representative and a Senator from North Dakota; born near Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, Ill., January 30, 1848; attended the common schools; moved to San Jose, Calif., in 1867; learned the art of printing and worked at the trade in San Jose, Calif., and later at Baraboo, Wis.; moved to Dakota Territory and established the Grand Forks News in 1881 and the Inter-Ocean at Devils Lake in 1883; mayor of Devils Lake 1885-1888; member of the Republican National Committee 1888-1896; upon the admission of North Dakota as a State into the Union was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-first Congress and served from November 2, 1889, until March 3, 1891; did not seek renomination in 1891, having become a candidate for Senator; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1891; reelected in 1897 and again in 1903 and served from March 4, 1891, to March 3, 1909; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1909; chairman, Committee on the Library (Fifty-fourth Congress), Committee on Public Lands (Fifty-fifth through Sixtieth Congresses), Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (Sixtieth Congress); resumed his former business pursuits in Devils Lake, N.Dak.; moved to Florida, New York, and finally to Washington, D.C., in 1927, where he died on November 16, 1933; cremated and the ashes scattered under an elm tree on the United States Capitol Grounds, Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Many Hansbrough papers in the Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft collections. Finding aid.

State Historical Society of North Dakota
Bismarck, ND
Papers: In the Isaac P. Baker papers, 1872-1924; Erastus Appleman Williams papers, 1892-1923; J. Dexter Pierce papers, 1795-1945; and manuscript satire (no date), "The Quality of Mercy.''

University of North Dakota
Chester Fritz Library
Grand Forks, ND
Papers: In North Dakota politicians collection, 1907-1949. Photocopies of originals in State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

  • Hansbrough, Henry Clay. America's Money Tragedy. Washington: B.G. Lubore, 1933.
  • ___. The Second Amendment. Minneapolis: Hudson Publishing Co., 1911.
  • ___. War and Woman: An Exposition of Man's Failure as a Harmonizer. New York: Duffield & Co., 1915.
  • Schlup, Leonard. "Henry C. Hansbrough and the Fight Against the Tariff in 1894.'' North Dakota History 45 (Winter 1978): 4-9.
  • ___. "Henry C. Hansbrough and the Presidential Election of 196." Nanzan Review of American Studies 17 (1995): 81-97.
  • ___. Henry C. Hansbrough: Political Maverick of the Northern Plains. Akron, Ohio: Midwest Press, 2007.
  • ___. "Political Maverick: Senator Hansbrough and Republican Party Politics, 1907-1912.'' North Dakota History 45 (Fall 1978): 32-39.
  • ___. "Quiet Imperialist: Henry C. Hansbrough and the Question of Expansion.'' North Dakota History 45 (Spring 1978): 26-31.