HARDING, Warren Gamaliel (1865-1923)
Senate Years of Service: 1915-1921

HARDING, WARREN GAMALIEL, a Senator from Ohio and 29th President of the United States; born in Blooming Grove, Morrow County, Ohio, November 2, 1865; attended the public schools and Ohio Central College at Iberia; studied law for a short time; taught school; engaged in the insurance business; became editor and publisher of the Marion Star in 1884; member, State senate 1899-1903; lieutenant governor of Ohio 1904-1905; unsuccessful Republican candidate for Governor in 1910; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1915, until his resignation, effective January 13, 1921, having been elected President; chairman, Committee on the Philippines (Sixty-sixth Congress); elected President of the United States on the Republican ticket, was inaugurated March 4, 1921, and served until his death in San Francisco, Calif., while on a tour of the Western States and Alaska, August 2, 1923; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, August 8, 1923; interment in Marion Cemetery, Marion, Ohio; reinterment in Harding Memorial Tomb.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral history: Discussed in several interviews.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Charles Evans Hughes papers, 1914-1930; and Nicholas Murray Butler papers, [ca. 1891-1947].

Cornell University
Labor Management Documentation
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in American Association for Labor Legislation correspondence, 1920-1925.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Civil Service Reform Association records, 1880-1947; and Jacob Gould Schurman papers, 1878-1986.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: Correspondence in John Wingate Weeks papers, 1877-1926.

Federal Reserve Bank of New York Archives
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Benjamin Strong papers, 1911-1929 (bulk 1914-1928).

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Joseph Hampton Moore papers, 1884-1949.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 203 microfilm reels of selected portions of originals (1914-1963) in Ohio Historical Society.

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Archives
Stanford, CA
Papers: In Hubert Work miscellaneous papers, 1922-1939; Ray Lyman Wilbur papers, 1906-1964; E. Carl Wallen papers, 1918-1923; and Joseph Jessey photographs, 1923.

Indiana State Library
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in Richard Lieber papers, 1892-1958 (bulk 1933-1944); and Will Harrison Hays papers, 1857-1954 (bulk 1914-1954).

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (May 24, 1916) in Sang autograph collection, 1751-1954; and 1 letter (April 2, 1921) and enrollment card (April 6, 1921) in "The Order of Bookfellows'' in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1793-1945.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1908-1926. 3 containers. Finding aid.
Papers: Correspondence in Stanley Washburn papers, 1912-1945; Mabel Walker Willebrandt papers 1881-1978, relating to husband's service as assistant attorney general under Harding; and 263 reels of microfilm of originals (1888-1923) at the Ohio Historical Society.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Miscellaneous references and letters (1904-1923) in various collections. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in McDowell family papers, 1792-1966.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: Ca. 240 items (ca. 1916-1920) in various collections; and in A.F.R. Lawrence collection of historical spoken word sound recordings, 1900-1970.

Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: 1888-1923. 250 feet. Business, personal and political papers from throughout Harding's career including correspondence, speeches and appointment books, clippings, photographs, and campaign records. Available on 263 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Papers: Several miscellaneous letters in various collections including Charles E. Hard papers, 1894-1941; Cyril Clemens papers, 1927-1952; Harry Micajah Daugherty papers, 1912-1934; and typescript of The Rise of Warren Gamaliel Harding, 1865-1920 (1970) by Randolph Chandler Downes.

Ohio State University Libraries
Columbus, OH
Papers: 38 letters to Harding and 132 items of correspondence with George B. Christian, Harding's secretary, in Orlando S. Rapp papers, 1917-1928. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1921. 2 items.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library
Princeton, NJ
Papers: Ca.70 items (1904-1922) in the Andre de Coppet collection.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Anna Churchill Moulton Tillinghast papers, 1911-1945; Edith Nourse Rogers papers, 1854-1961; Elizabeth Lowell Putnam papers, 1887-1935; and Mary Anderson papers, 1918-1960, available on microfilm.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: In Elmer E. Robinson collection, 1765-1950; Harwood family papers, 1722-1962; and Francis B. Loomis papers, 1897-1939, available on microfilm.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Byron Price papers, 1901-1976.

University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA
Papers: Items in several collections, photographs, and ephemera.
Oral history: Discussed in Ralph Palmer Merritt interview.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1910-1922. 7 letters. Also in Henry Cantwell Wallace papers, 1904-1930.

University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Amherst, MA
Papers: 1864-1962 (bulk 1920-1923). 12 feet. Photocopies and transcripts of originals in Ohio Historical Society, other repositories, and in private hands collected by Dean Albertson for a biography of Harding. Includes correspondence; speeches; appointment books; congressional hearing transcripts on Veterans Bureau, naval oil reserve leases (Teapot Dome scandal), and Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty; diary (1922) of Ike Hoover; photographs; and calendar of Harding's activities. Finding aid. Access to correspondence of Nan Britten and Carrie Phillips is restricted until 2014.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; Chase Salmon Osborn papers, 1889-1949; James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968; James Orin Murfin papers, 1896-1940; Earl C. Michener papers, 1898-1934 and 1940-1954; Henry Bourne Joy papers, 1883-1937; W.B. Hinsdale papers, 1895-1934; Roy Dikeman Chapin papers, 1886-1937; Benjamin Sawtell Hanchett papers, 1888-1958; and Marion LeRoy Burton papers, 1901-1925.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Walker Page papers, 1906-1937.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 263 microfilm reels of originals (1883-1965) at Ohio Historical Society. Finding aid.
Papers: In William Kent family papers, 1768-1961; Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1942; Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1885-1955; Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966; Chauncey Mitchell Depew papers, 1880-1928; and Alfred White Van Sinderen collection, 1782-1969.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Alice T. Miner Colonial Collection, Chazy, NY; Boise State University Library, Boise, ID; Brown University, Providence, RI; Cornell University Libraries, Rare Books and Manuscript Collections, Ithaca, NY; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Hamilton and Kirkland College, Clinton, NY; Haverford College Library, Haverford, PA; Johns Hopkins University, Milton S. Eisenhower Library, Baltimore, MD; Rosenbach Museum and Library, Philadelphia, PA; Rye Historical Society, Rye, NY; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, PA; University of Minnesota, Immigration History Research Center, St. Paul, MN; University of Nevada, Reno, NV; and Yale Divinity School Library, New Haven, CT.

  • Accinelli, Robert D. "Was There a `New' Harding? Warren G. Harding and the World Court Issue, 1920-1923.'' Ohio History 84 (Autumn 1975): 168-81.
  • Adams, Samuel Hopkins. Incredible Era: The Life and Times of Warren Gamaliel Harding. 1939. Reprint. New York: Octagon Books, 1979.
  • Alderfer, Harold Freed. "The Personality and Politics of Warren G. Harding.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Syracuse University, 1929.
  • Bagby, Wesley M. "The `Smoke Filled Room' and the Nomination of Warren G. Harding.'' Mississippi Valley Historical Review 41 (March 1955): 657-74.
  • Boatmon, Ellis Gray. "Evolution of a President: The Political Apprenticeship of Warren G. Harding.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1966.
  • Chapple, Joseph Mitchell. Life and Times of Warren G. Harding, Our After-War President. Boston: Chapple Publishing Co., 1924.
  • Cottrill, Dale E. The Conciliator. Philadelphia: Dorrance, 1969.
  • Cuneo, Sherman A. From Printer to President. Philadelphia: Dorrance, 1922.
  • Dean, John W. Warren G. Harding. New York: Times Books, 2004.
  • Downes, Randolph C. The Rise of Warren Gamaliel Harding, 1865-1920. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1970.
  • Frederick, Richard G., comp. Warren G. Harding: A Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.
  • Harding, Warren Gamaliel. Our Common Country: Mutual Good Will in America. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1921.
  • Hartwell, Alena (Brown). Hardings: History of the Harding Family. Boston: Press of W.H. Chapple, 1936.
  • Johnson, Willis Fletcher. The Life of Warren G. Harding, from the Simple Life of the Farm to the Glamor and Power of the White House. Philadelphia: John C. Winston Co., 1923.
  • Lentz, Andrea D., ed. Warren G. Harding Papers. Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, 1970. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1993. Microfilm. 263 reels and guide.
  • Lowerre, Nan Kathryn Jamieson. "Warren G. Harding and American Foreign Affairs, 1915-1923.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1968.
  • Moran, Philip R., ed. Warren G. Harding, 1865-1923: Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical Aids. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1970.
  • Russell, Francis. The Shadow of Blooming Grove: Warren G. Harding in His Times. 1968. Reprint. Norwalk, CT: Easton Press, 1988.
  • ___. "The Shadow of Warren Harding.'' Antioch Review 36 (Winter 1978): 57-76.
  • Russell, Thomas Herbert. The Illustrious Life and Work of Warren G. Harding, Twenty-Ninth President of the United States. Chicago: T.H. Russell, 1923.
  • Schortemeier, Frederick E., ed. Rededicating America: Life and Recent Speeches of Warren G. Harding. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1920.
  • Sinclair, Andrew. The Available Man: The Life Behind the Masks of Warren Gamaliel Harding. New York: Macmillan Co., 1965.