HARRISON, Benjamin (1833-1901)

HARRISON, BENJAMIN, (great-grandson of Benjamin Harrison [1726-1791], grandson of President William Henry Harrison, son of John Scott Harrison of Ohio, and grandfather of William Henry Harrison [1896-1990]), a Senator from Indiana and 23d President of the United States; born in North Bend, Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1833; graduated from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, in 1852; studied law in Cincinnati; moved to Indianapolis in 1854; admitted to the bar and practiced; reporter of the decisions of the supreme court of the State; served in the Union Army during the Civil War; brevetted brigadier general and mustered out in 1865; while in the field in October 1864 was reelected reporter of the State supreme court and served four years; unsuccessful Republican candidate for Governor of Indiana in 1876; appointed a member of the Mississippi River Commission in 1879; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887; chairman, Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Territories (Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses); elected President of the United States in 1888; inaugurated on March 4, 1889, and served until March 3, 1893; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1892; attorney for the Republic of Venezuela in the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain in 1900; died in Indianapolis, Ind., March 13, 1901; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery.

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: In autographs and signatures of Presidents of the United States, 1828-1927; and Thomas Nast pen and ink sketch, [1888?] of Uncle Sam, Harrison, and Levi Parsons Morton.

Cincinnati Historical Society
Cincinnati, OH
Papers: In Harrison family papers, 1840-1964. Ca. 3 cubic feet. Correspondence, speeches, genealogical information, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, printed material, memorabilia, photos, and miscellaneous items pertaining to numerous Harrison family members.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Justin S. Morrill papers, 1814-1937.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 1884-1890. 4 items.

Franklin College Library
Special Collections
Franklin, IN
Papers: 1 mortgage (1856); 1 check (1887); speech (1886); photograph (1888); and published works in various collections.

Benjamin Harrison Home
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1850-1901. Ca. 1,000 items. Correspondence, speeches, clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, portraits, and memorabilia. Finding aid.

Rutherford B. Hayes Library
Fremont, OH
Papers: 1877-1899. 42 items.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1853-1940. 3 boxes. Chiefly family correspondence, legal documents, and letters relating to Indiana and national politics. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence (1855-1901) in James Clifford Veatch papers, 1843-1895; Samuel Hall papers, 1810-1862; W. R. Holloway papers, 1824-1899; Noble Chase Butler papers, 1809-1933; James A. Wildman papers, 1860-1898; James Madison Reynolds papers, 1840-1899; Alexander Thompson Britton papers, 1864-1898; and Elijah Bishop Martindale papers, 1878-1907.

Indiana State Library
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1841-1900. 4 boxes. Political, personal, and governmental affairs, correspondence, business papers, photographs and memorabilia. In part copies of papers in Library of Congress.
Additional Papers: Several items in various collections including Ransom Hawley papers, 1824-1899; and Isaac Naylor papers, 1818-1888.

Indiana University
Lilly Library
Bloomington, IN
Papers: Approximately 105 items in various collections.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 2 letters (March 22, 1889; August 14, 1893) in Sang autograph collection, 1751-1954; and 1 letter (February 1, 1886) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1793-1945.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1787-1948. 360 linear feet. Correspondence, legal papers, financial records, notebooks in shorthand, telegrams, speeches, writings documenting his personal and political life in Indiana and as president, scrapbooks, and memorabilia. Includes material related to the Civil War, his legal practice, and the Venezuela boundary dispute. Available on 151 microfilm reels, which excludes 38 containers of material. Finding aid.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Ca. 20 letters (1884-1897) in various collections. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in the Joseph P. Bradley papers, 1836-1937.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1888-1898. 4 items.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: In Jane Lathrop Stanford papers, 1824-1975; Leland Stanford papers, 1850-1969; Francis B. Loomis papers, 1897-1939, available on microfilm; and David Starr Jordan papers, 1861-1964.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In Oliver Lyman Spaulding papers, 1861-1921; Andrew Dickson White papers, 1857-1867, on 8 microfilm reels of originals in Cornell University Library; William Walter Wedemeyer papers, 1890-1913; Hinsdale family papers, 1857-1963; and Thomas McIntyre Cooley papers, 1850-1898.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Wise family papers, 1777-1983.

West Virginia University
West Virginia and Regional History Collection
Morgantown, WV
Papers: 1886-1900. 40 items. Letters (typewritten transcripts) to Stephen B. Elkins.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 151 microfilm reels of originals (1787-1912) in Library of Congress. Includes correspondence, telegrams, notebooks, speeches, and writings documenting his personal and political life in Indiana and as president. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Evarts family papers, 1753-1960; Thomas Collier Platt papers, 1851-1915; Mary Ann Phelps Montgomery collection, 1746-1939; David Brewer Karrick family papers, 1817-1980; and Alfred White Van Sinderen collection, 1782-1969.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Brigham Young University, Special Collections, Provo, UT; Brooklyn Historical Society, Brooklyn, NY; Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, New York, NY; Emory University, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta, GA; Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Idaho State Historical Society, Boise, ID; Jefferson County Historical Society, Watertown, NY; Rosenbach Museum and Library, Philadelphia, PA; State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; Utah State Historical Society, Salt Lake City, UT; and Virginia State Library and Archives, Richmond, VA.

  • Harrison, Benjamin. The Constitution and Administration of the United States of America. London: D. Nutt, 1897.
  • ___. This Country Of Ours. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897.
  • Harrison, Mary Scott, comp. Views of an Ex-President. Indianapolis: Bowen-Merrill Co., 1901.
  • Havighurst, Walter. "The Years of Benjamin Harrison.'' In Men of Old Miami, 1809-1873: A Book of Portraits, pp. 111-28. New York: G.P. Putman's Sons, 1974.
  • Hedges, Charles, comp. Speeches of Benjamin Harrison, Twenty-third President of the United States. 1892. Reprint. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1971.
  • Hinckley, Ted C. "Sheldon Jackson and Benjamin Harrison: Presbyterians and the Administration of Alaska.'' Pacific Northwest Quarterly 54 (April 1963): 66-74.
  • Kinzer, Donald L. "Benjamin Harrison and the Politics of Availability.'' In Gentlemen from Indiana: National Party Candidates, 1836-1940, edited by Ralph D. Gray, pp. 141-69. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1977.
  • Morrison, J.E., and William B. Lane. Life of Our President, Benjamin Harrison, Together with That of His Grandfather, William Henry Harrison. Cincinnati: Economic Printing Co., 1889.
  • Ringenberg, William C. "Benjamin Harrison: The Religious Thought and Practice of a Presbyterian President.'' American Presbyterians 64 (Fall 1986): 175-89.
  • Sievers, Harry J. Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier Warrior. Chicago: Henry Regnery Co., 1952.
  • ___. Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier Statesman. New York: University Publishers, 1959.
  • ___. Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier President. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1968.
  • ___, ed. Benjamin Harrison, 1833-1901: Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical Aids. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1969.
  • Sinkler, George. "Benjamin Harrison and the Matter of Race.''Indiana Magazine of History 65 (September 1969): 197-213.
  • Socolofsky, Homer E. "Benjamin Harrison and the American West.'' Great Plains Quarterly 5 (Fall 1985): 249-58.
  • Thornton, W.W. "Benjamin Harrison as a Lawyer and an Orator.'' Green Bag 14 (February 1902): 49-57.
  • Volwiler, Albert T., ed. Correspondence between Benjamin Harrison and James G. Blaine, 1882-1893. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1940.