HAYNE, Robert Young (1791-1839)
Senate Years of Service: 1823-1832

HAYNE, ROBERT YOUNG, (brother of Arthur Peronneau Hayne), a Senator from South Carolina; born on Pon Pon plantation, St. Paul's Parish, Colleton District, S.C., November 10, 1791; attended private schools in Charleston; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1812 and commenced practice in Charleston, S.C.; served in the War of 1812, becoming captain of the Charleston Cadet Riflemen in 1814; appointed quartermaster general of the State in December 1814; member, State house of representatives 1814-1818, and served as speaker in 1818; State attorney general 1818-1822; elected to the United States Senate in 1822; reelected in 1828 as a Jacksonian and served from March 4, 1823, to December 13, 1832, when he resigned to become Governor; participated in January and February 1830 in a notable exchange with Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts upon the principles of the Constitution, the authority of the general government, and the rights of the States; chairman, Committee on Naval Affairs (Nineteenth through Twenty-second Congresses); member of the South Carolina nullification convention in 1832; Governor of South Carolina 1832-1834; mayor of Charleston 1835-1837; promoter and president of the Louisville, Cincinnati & Charleston Railroad 1836-1839; died in Asheville, N.C., September 24, 1839; interment in St. Michael's Churchyard, Charleston, S.C.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 5 items.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in John Sloane collection, 1822-1850; and Francis Wilkinson Pickins collection, 1832-1834.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Lee-Palfrey family papers, 1780-1932; and Louis Chandler Moulton papers, 1852-1908.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Lee family collection, 1535-1957.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1816-1830. 3 items.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Columbia, SC
Papers: Miscellaneous items in legislative papers.

South Carolina Historical Society
Charleston, SC
Papers: 1836-1838. 24 items. Correspondence regarding the proposed Charleston and Cincinnati Railroad. Also correspondence in Theodore Dehon Jervey collection, 1881-1944.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library
Columbia, SC
Papers: 1813-1837. 50 items. Correspondence relating to national and state political issues and affairs of a railroad; receipts; legal documents; and speeches.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: In Johnston family papers, 1779-1891.

  • Belz, Herman. The Webster-Hayne Debate on the Nature of the Union: Selected Documents. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2000.
  • Jameson, John Franklin, ed. "Letters on the Nullification Movement in South Carolina, 1830-1834.'' American Historical Review 6 (July 1901): 736-65; 7 (October 1901): 92-119.
  • Jervey, Theodore D. Robert Y. Hayne and His Times. 1909. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.
  • Langley, Harold D. "Robert Y. Hayne and the Navy.'' South Carolina Historical Magazine 82 (October 1981): 311-30.
  • Patterson, Lance. "The Battle of the Giants: Webster and Hayne: Orators at Odds.'' American History Illustrated 17 (February 1983): 18-22.
  • Pinckney, Elise. "Robert Y. Hayne and the Sale of David Ramsay's History of the United States.'' South Carolina Historical Magazine 86 (January 1985): 72-74.
  • Sheidley, Harlow W. "The Webster-Hayne Debate: Recasting New England's Sectionalism.'' New England Quarterly 67 (March 1994): 5-29.
  • Swift, Lindsay, ed. The Great Debate Between Hayne and Webster. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1898.