HOWARD, Benjamin Chew (1791-1872)

HOWARD, BENJAMIN CHEW, (son of John Eager Howard), a Representative from Maryland; born at ``Belvedere,'' near Baltimore, Md., November 5, 1791; pursued classical studies, and was graduated from Princeton College in 1809; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Baltimore; served in the War of 1812; was promoted to command of the Fifth Regiment, subsequently becoming brigadier general, and continued for many years prominently identified with the State military organization; member of the city council of Baltimore in 1820; member of the State house of delegates in 1824; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Congresses (March 4, 1829-March 3, 1833); declined the mission to Russia tendered by President Van Buren; commissioned by President Jackson in 1835, with Richard Rush, of Philadelphia, as peace emissary of the National Government in the controversy over the boundary line between Ohio and Michigan; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-fourth Congress and reelected as a Democrat to the Twenty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1835-March 3, 1839); chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Congresses); reporter of the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States 1843-1862; member of the peace conference of 1861, held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of Maryland in 1861; died in Baltimore, Md., March 6, 1872; interment in Greenmount Cemetery.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 2 letters.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1838. 1 letter.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: In Bayard family papers, 1829-1861.
Papers: In Causten-Howard family papers, 1843-1857.
6 items.

Papers: In Howard family papers, 1793-1905. 6 boxes.
Includes a large set of congressional papers.

University of Maryland
McKeldin Library
College Park, MD
Papers: In the Charles Lanman papers, 1823-1868. 1 foot.
Autobiographical or biographical letter. Unpublished inventory in library.

  • Hoyt, William D., Jr. "Benjamin C. Howard and the 'Toledo War': Some Letters of a Federal Commissioner." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 60 (July 1951): 297-307.