HOWARD, John Eager (1752-1827)

HOWARD, JOHN EAGER, (father of Benjamin Chew Howard), a Delegate and a Senator from Maryland; born at 'Belvedere,' near Baltimore, Md., June 4, 1752; was instructed by private tutors; served throughout the Revolutionary War, beginning as a captain and holding the rank of colonel when peace was declared; was voted a medal and the thanks of Congress for gallantry at the Battle of Cowpens 1781; Member of the Continental Congress 1788; Governor of Maryland 1789-1791; member, State senate 1791-1795; elected as a Federalist 1796 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Richard Potts; reelected on December 9, 1796 and served from November 21, 1796, to March 3, 1803; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Sixth Congress; offered the position of Secretary of War by President George Washington, but declined; also declined a commission as brigadier general in the expected war with France in 1798; unsuccessful Federalist candidate for vice president in 1816; died at 'Belvedere,' near Baltimore, Md., October 12, 1827; interment in Old St. Paul's Cemetery, Baltimore, Md.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 4 items.

Johns Hopkins University
Milton S. Eisenhower Library
Baltimore, MD
Papers: 6 items (1785, 1786, 1808, 1815, 1817, 1823) in Edward M. Greenway collection, 1737-1876, and Howard-Ridgely-Maynard collection.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: 1827-1828. 1 volume. Estate inventory.
Additional Papers: Letters and land papers in various collections including William Smallwood papers, 1776-1790; and Maryland Council proceedings, 1791-1807, photocopies of originals at Maryland Hall of Records; and portraits.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1782. 1 item.

University of Maryland
Historical Manuscripts, Special Collections
College Park, MD
Papers: 31 items (1782-1822) including business and personal correspondence, legal documents, and plats relating to various land transfers in Maryland manuscripts collection.

  • Howard, Cary. "John Eager Howard." Maryland Historical Magazine 62 (September 1967): 300-17.
  • A Memoir of the Late Col. John Eager Howard, Re-printed from the Baltimore Gazette, of Monday, October 15, 1827. Baltimore: Kelly, Hedian & Piet, 1863.