HUGHES, Harold Everett (1922-1996)

HUGHES, HAROLD EVERETT, a Senator from Iowa; born near Ida Grove, Ida County, Iowa, February 10, 1922; attended the public schools and the University of Iowa; Army combat rifleman in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy during the Second World War; engaged in motor transportation business; elected to Iowa State Commerce Commission 1959-1962; Governor of Iowa 1963-1968; executive committee, National Governors Conference 1965-1967; chairman Democratic Governors Conference 1966-1968; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1968 and served from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1975; was not a candidate for reelection in 1974; briefly sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1971; served on the Commission on the Operation of the Senate 1975-1976; consultant to the Senate Judiciary Committee 1975-1976; president, The Hughes Foundation; chairman, Harold Hughes Centers for Alcoholism and Drug Treatment; was a resident of Des Moines, Iowa, before moving to his retirement home in Glendale, Ariz., where he died on October 23, 1996; remains cremated.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 9 audiotapes (1970-1974) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Iowa State University Library
Department of Special Collections
Ames, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Alden J. Erskine papers, 1923-1977.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: In New Democratic Coalition of New York records, 1960-1978.

State Historical Society of Iowa
Des Moines, IA
Papers: 4 volumes. Speeches, news releases, campaign materials, clippings, and photographs.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Athens, GA
Oral History: 1971. 6 pages. Limited to reminiscences of Russell.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1962-1975. 200 feet. Gubernatorial and senatorial office files. Topics include agriculture, alcoholism, banks, Cedar Rapids, commerce, courts, crime, Davenport, Democratic party, Des Moines, drug abuse, education, manpower, Richard M. Nixon, politics, postal service, poverty, public welfare, public works, roads, soil conservation, taxation, transportation, United Nations, veterans, Vietnam War, water pollution, and Waterloo, Iowa. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: 13 letters (1963-1973); correspondence in Frank T. Nye papers, 1942-1983; Roxanne Barton Conlin papers, 1969-1975; Iowa Consumer Watchdog Service records, 1969-1974; Paula Watts Brown papers, 1930-1974; James V. Gallagher papers, 1964-1974; Iowa Nurses' Association records, 1904-1972; Donald J. Mitchell papers, 1942-1968; Frederick Delbert Schwengel papers, 1940-1972; and Wiley Mayne papers, 1966-1974.

  • Anonymous. "Conversation with Senator Harold Hughes." Addiction 92 (February 1997): 137-149. Forward by Senator Edward Kennedy.
  • Hughes, Harold E., with Dick Schneider. The Man From Ida Grove: A Senator's Personal Story. Lincoln, VA: Chosen Books, 1979.
  • Larew, James C. "A Party Reborn: Harold Hughes and the Iowa Democrats." Palimpsest 59 (September/October 1978): 148-61.
  • Smith, Thomas S. "The Vietnam Era in Iowa Politics." Palimpsest 63 (September/October 1982): 138-41.