Image courtesy of the Library of Congress
KALANIANAOLE, Jonah Kuhio (1871-1922)

KALANIANAOLE, JONAH KUHIO, a Delegate from the Territory of Hawaii; born in Koloa, island of Kauai, Hawaii, March 26, 1871; attended the Royal School and Punahou College, Honolulu; studied four years in St. Matthew's College, California; was a student at the Royal Agricultural College in England and was graduated from a business college in England; created a prince by royal proclamation in 1884; occupied a position in the department of the interior of the Hawaiian Government; took part in the revolution of the Hawaiians in 1895 and was sentenced to one year's imprisonment; visited Africa during the years 1899-1902 and fought in the British Army in the Boer War; elected as a Republican to the Fifty-eighth and to the nine succeeding Congresses and served until his death on January 7, 1922, in Waikiki, near Honolulu, Hawaii (March 4, 1903-January 7, 1922); interment at Royal Mausoleum, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Haverford College
Quaker and Special Collections
Haverford, PA
Papers: In the Smiley family papers, 1885-1930, approximately 240 items.
Correspondents include Jonah Kalanianaole.


Hawai'i State Archives
Honolulu, HI
Papers: 1903-1922, 4.3 cubic feet.
The papers of Jonah Kalanianaole document his 19 years as Hawaii's Delegate to Congress (1903-1922). The papers mainly consist of congressional bills and correspondence. The congressional bills concern his campaign for Hawaiian Homelands legislation and federal public works legislation for Hawaii. The correspondence reflects unusually close consultation between the delegate and the governor on legislation of interest to Hawaii. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Photographs: ca. 1875-1920, 1 folder.
Photographs of Jonah Kalanianaole as a child, young man, and during his political career as Hawaii's delegate to the U.S. Congress. Photos record his activities as a sportsman, as a student with his brothers in San Mateo, California, and as a member of the Order of Kamehameha. Also included are several photographs of commemorations honoring him.

Photographs: 1891, 1 folder.
Photo monatages include Kamehameha I through Kamehameha V, their consorts, and other family members; Lunalilo; Kalakaua and Liliuokalani, their siblings, consorts and other family. Subjects include Jonah Kalanianaole.

Photographs: 1895-1915, 1 folder.
Photos of the Kalanianaoles with: the Widemann family; Vida sisters; the Colburn, Parker, Woods, Maguire, and Norris families. Included are photos of Muolo Laanui, Princess Kahanu's mother; Princess Kaiulani's trip to the Parker home "Mana," in 1899; Dowager Queen Kapiolani wearing a feather cape; William Blaisdell; the paniolo Harry Purdy; Lumaheihei Waipa, and others. Photographer(s) not identified.

Photographs: 1897-1910, 1 folder.
Prince Kuhio and Princess Kahanu with friends at various places on Hawaii Island such as J.K. Nahale's residence, or "Mana," the home of Sam Parker, and with Miss Nalani Jones at Hanauma Bay, Oahu. Prince Kuhio with Prince Arii Paea Alexander Salmon of Tahiti examining coffee plants on Hawaii Island. Identified in these photographs are Stella Keomailani Kea, Charles Stillman, Kate Vida, Chris J. Willis, Miss Woods, M.K. Keohokalole and John Wise.


University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Hamilton Library
Honolulu, HI
Papers: In the Walter M. Giffard papers, 1893-1917, 3 linear feet.
Correspondents include Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole.

  • Frear, Walter Francis. The Reply of Hon. Walter F. Frear, Governor of Hawaii, to the Complaint of Hon. Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole, Delegate in Congress from Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette Company, Ltd., 1912.
  • Iaukea, Curtis P. Contested election case of Curtis P. Iaukea vs. Jonah K. Kalanianaole, from the territory of Hawaii. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1905.
  • "Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole" in Asian and Pacific Islander Americans in Congress, 1900-2017. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of the Historian and the Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Washington: Government Publishing Office, 2018.
  • Kalanianaole, Jonah Kuhio. The Complaint of Hon. Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole. Washington: Press of the Sudwarth Company, 1911.
  • ___. In the matter of Jonah C. Kalanianaole: Petition for a writ of Habeas corpus. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette Co., Print., 1895.
  • Kamae, Lori Kuulei. The Empty Throne: A Biography of Hawaii's Prince Cupid. Honolulu: Topgallant Publishing Company, 1980.
  • Schlup, Leonard. "Prince Cupid: Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole and the Quest for Hawaiian Progressivism," International Review of History and Political Science 19 (1982): 54-58.
  • United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Contested Election Case of Curtis P. Iaukea vs. Jonah K. Kalanianaole, from the Territory of Hawaii. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1905.
  • United States. 67th Congress, 4th session, 1922-1923. House. Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1924.