MLK Library
KEFAUVER, Carey Estes (1903-1963)
Senate Years of Service: 1949-1963

KEFAUVER, CAREY ESTES, a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee; born on a farm near Madisonville, Monroe County, Tenn., July 26, 1903; attended the public schools; graduated from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville in 1924 and from the law department of Yale University, New Haven, Conn., in 1927; admitted to the bar in 1926 and commenced practice in Chattanooga, Tenn., in 1927; unsuccessful candidate for the State senate in 1936; State commissioner of finance and taxation 1939; elected on September 13, 1939, as a Democrat to the Seventy-sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Sam D. McReynolds; reelected to the Seventy-seventh and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from September 13, 1939, to January 3, 1949; did not seek renomination in 1948; elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat in 1948; reelected in 1954, and again in 1960, and served from January 3, 1949, until his death in the naval hospital at Bethesda, Md., August 10, 1963; gained national attention as chairman of the Special Committee on Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce (Eighty-first and Eighty-second Congresses), better known as the "Kefauver Committee"; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952 and 1956; unsuccessful Democratic nominee for vice president of the United States in 1956 on the ticket with Adlai Stevenson; interment in the family cemetery, Madisonville, Tenn.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 1 audiotape (1960) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: 12 pages. In Herbert Lehman project. Permission needed to cite or quote. Also discussed in interviews with several other individuals.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1 official letter (April 23, 1951) in the Jacques Barzun papers; 6 items of official correspondence, 1 folder of clippings, and manuscript notes by Clark (1962-1963) in the John M. Clark papers; 2 official letters (October 24, 1957; August 12, 1958) in the Andrew W. Cordier papers; 9 letters and 1 telegram (1961-1962) regarding personal business in the Harper & Row collection; 2 official letters (December 31, 1953; November 5, 1958) in the Frank Hogan papers; 4 letters (1951-1958) regarding personal business in the W.W. Norton collection; and 1 official letter (November 17, 1944) in the Frances Perkins papers. Finding aids.

East Carolina University
Joyner Library
Greenville, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Hoyt Patrick Taylor papers, 1827-1964.

Eastern Kentucky University
Special Collections and Archives
Richmond, KY
Papers: Correspondence in Keen Johnson papers, 1870-1970.

Florida State University
Special Collections
Tallahassee, FL
Papers: Material relating to the Kefauver controversy (1949-1952) in the Fuller Warren papers, 1927-1973. Finding aid.

Foothill College
De Forest Memorial Library
Los Altos Hills, CA
Papers: Material relating to his work with the Kefauver crime committee in George Hunter White papers, 1931-1975. Finding aid.

Harvard University
Law School Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in James Angell MacLachlan papers, 1925-1960. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in William Frederick Halsey papers, 1907-1959; and James Patrick McGranery papers, 1909-1975. Finding aid.

Memphis State University Library
Mississippi Valley Collection
Memphis, TN
Papers: Correspondence and research file regarding TVA in Edward J. Meeman papers, 1931-1966.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library
Mississippi State, MS
Papers: 10 letters (1948-1955) in the Carter papers.

New Orleans Public Library
New Orleans, LA
Papers: Correspondence in DeLesseps Story Morrison papers, 1946-1961. Finding aid.

Tennessee Historical Society
Nashville, TN
Papers: Miscellaneous items in the Emil Hurja collection.

Tennessee State Library and Archives
Nashville, TN
Papers: Letters in various collections.

Harry S. Truman Library
Independence, MO
Papers: Material relating to service as special counsel, Special Senate Committee to Investigate Organized Crime, 1950-1951, in George S. Robinson papers, 1932-1965. Finding aid.

University of Colorado Libraries
Boulder, CO
Papers: Correspondence in Frederick M. Betz, Sr. papers, 1920-1964. Finding aid.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Donald J. Mitchell papers, 1942-1968. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; and James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968. Finding aid.

University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Atkins Library
Charlotte, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Harry Golden papers, 1898-1970.

University of Tennessee
Modern Political Archives
Knoxville, TN
Papers: 1935-1963. 1,204 linear feet. Constituent, political and personal correspondence, manuscripts for published works, political files, speeches, films, tapes, legislative papers, clippings, and other material relating to his congressional activities. Includes material on his work with the Armed Services Committee, Judiciary Committee, Senate Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly's drug investigations (1962), and the Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In the Frank W. Wilson papers, 1940-1982. Ca. 25 feet. Includes transcripts of the Hoffa trial (1964) and campaign material from Kefauver's 1948 presidential bid of which Wilson was campaign manager.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Francis Pickens Miller papers, 1885-1971; and Edward L. Breeden papers, 1932-1972. Finding aid.

University of Washington Libraries
Manuscripts and University Archives
Seattle, WA
Papers: Correspondence in Andrew Winberg papers, 1936-1964. Finding aid.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Harry Barnard papers, 1925-1977; and David Brown papers, 1932-1974.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: In Cyrus Eaton papers, 1901-1978. Finding aid.

  • Anderson, Jack, and Frederick G. Blumenthal. The Kefauver Story. New York: Dial Press, 1956.
  • Brogan, Hugh. All Honorable Men: Huey Long, Robert Moses, Estes Kefauver, Richard J. Daley. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Derr, Jeanine. " `The Biggest Show on Earth': The Kefauver Crime Committee Hearings.'' Maryland Historian 17 (Fall/Winter 1986): 19-37.
  • Doig, Ivan. "Kefauver versus Crime: Television Boosts a Senator.'' Journalism Quarterly 39 (Autumn 1962): 483-90.
  • Fontenay, Charles L. Estes Kefauver, A Biography. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980.
  • Gardner, James Bailey. "Political Leadership in a Period of Transition: Frank G. Clement, Albert Gore, Estes Kefauver, and Tennessee Politics, 1948-1956.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1978.
  • Gorman, Joseph Bruce. "The Early Career of Estes Kefauver.'' East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 42 (1970): 57-84.
  • ___. Kefauver: A Political Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.
  • Grant, Philip A., Jr. "Kefauver and the New Hampshire Presidential Primary. '' Tennessee Historical Quarterly 31 (Winter 1972): 372-80.
  • ___. "Senator Estes Kefauver and the 1956 Minnesota Presidential Primary.'' Tennessee Historical Quarterly 42 (Winter 1983): 383-92.
  • Harris, Richard. The Real Voice. New York: Macmillan Co., 1964.
  • Kefauver, Estes. "The Challenge to Congress.'' Federal Bar Journal 6 (April 1945): 325-32.
  • ___. "Congressional Reorganization.'' Journal of Politics 9 (February 1947): 96-107.
  • ___. Crime in America. Edited by Sidney Shalett. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968. Based on hearings and reports of the Senate Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce.
  • ___. "Did We Modernize Congress?'' National Municipal Review 36 (November 1947): 552-57.
  • ___. "Executive--Congressional Liaison.'' Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 289 (September 1953): 108-13.
  • ___. "The House of Representatives Should Participate in Treaty Making.'' Tennessee Law Review 19 (December 1945): 44-51.
  • ___. "The Need For Better Executive-Legislative Teamwork in the National Government.'' American Political Science Review 38 (April 1944): 317-25.
  • ___, and Jack Levin. A Twentieth-Century Congress. 1947. Reprint. New York: Greenwood Press, 1969.
  • ___, with Irene Till. In a Few Hands: Monopoly Power in America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1965.
  • Lisby, Gregory C. "Early Television on Public Watch: Kefauver and His Crime Investigation.'' Journalism Quarterly 62 (Summer 1985): 236-42.
  • McFadyen, Richard Edward. "Estes Kefauver and the Drug Industry.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Emory University, 1973.
  • ___. "Estes Kefauver and the Tradition of Southern Progressivism.'' Tennessee Historical Quarterly 37 (Winter 1978): 430-43.
  • Moore, William Howard. "The Kefauver Committee and Organized Crime.'' In Law and Order in American History, edited by Joseph M. Hawes, pp. 136-47. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1979.
  • ___. The Kefauver Committee and the Politics of Crime, 1950-1952. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1974.
  • ___. "Was Estes Kefauver `Blackmailed' During the Chicago Crime Hearings?: A Historian's Perspective.'' Public Historian 4 (Winter 1982): 5-28.
  • Swados, Harvey. Standing Up for the People: The Life and Work of Estes Kefauver. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1972.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Carey Estes Kefauver, Late a Senator from Tennessee. 88th Cong., 1st sess., 1963. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1964.