Library of Congress
KELLOGG, Frank Billings (1856-1937)
Senate Years of Service: 1917-1923

KELLOGG, FRANK BILLINGS, a Senator from Minnesota; born in Potsdam, St. Lawrence County, N.Y., December 22, 1856; in 1865 moved with his parents to Minnesota; attended the public and rural schools; worked on the farm until 1875 and then studied law in Rochester, Minn.; admitted to the bar in 1877 and commenced practice in Rochester, Minn.; city attorney of Rochester 1878-1881; county attorney for Olmsted County 1882-1887; moved to St. Paul, Minn., in 1887 and resumed the practice of law; member of the Republican National Committee 1904-1912; special counsel for the Government to prosecute antitrust suits; president of the American Bar Association in 1912 and 1913; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1917, to March 3, 1923; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922; chairman, Committee on National Banks (Sixty-sixth Congress); delegate to the Fifth International Conference of American States, Santiago, Chile, 1923; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Great Britain 1923-1925, when he resigned; Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Calvin Coolidge 1925-1929; coauthor of the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact signed in 1928; resumed the practice of law in St. Paul, Minn.; associate judge of the Permanent Court for International Justice 1930-1935; awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1929; died in St. Paul, Minn., December 21, 1937; interment in the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Oscar Wilder Underwood papers, 1876-1962.

American Catholic Historical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in William Franklin Sands papers, 1875-1945. Finding aid.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in J. Theodore Marriner papers, 1918-1937; and Charles Evans Hughes papers, 1914-1930.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 3 folders (1921-1923); 9 folders (1925-1928); 1 folder (1933-1937); and 54 microfilm reels of originals (1890-1943) at Minnesota Historical Society. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Willis Van Devanter papers, 1884-1941; William Edgar Borah papers, 1905-1940; Roy Tasco Davis papers, 1918-1960; and Cordell Hull papers, 1908-1956. Finding aid.

Minnesota Historical Society
St. Paul, MN
Papers: 1890-1942. 24 cubic feet. Correspondence, memoranda, press releases, scrapbooks, and speeches, chiefly dealing with his years as senator, ambassador, secretary of state, and World Court judge. Senatorial correspondence reflects his interest in foreign affairs, food relief, refugee problems, and the agricultural depression of the early 1920s. Available on 54 microfilm reels, originals closed to general use. Also portraits. Finding aid available online.
Additional Papers: Davis, Kellogg, and Severance law firm records, 1878-1941. 106 cubic feet. Case files and letterpress books of this firm, of which Kellogg was a partner. Many letters concern the partners' personal and family activities and their political interests, particularly Kellogg's. Finding aid available online.
Additional Papers: Published speeches and writings; letters in many other collections.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Reeve Schley papers, 1670-1969.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: In Francis B. Loomis papers, 1897-1939. Available on 9 microfilm reels.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Cyril Moreau Jansky papers, 1917-1974.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: In Nicholas Roosevelt papers, 1846-1972; and Frederick Hale papers, 1917-1940.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Jesse Siddall Reeves papers, 1853-1942; Prohibition Party National Committee records, 1872 1972; Clarence Cook Little papers, 1924-1929; and Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1854-1948. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Walker Page papers, 1906-1937.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 1890-1942. 54 microfilm reels. Correspondence, miscellaneous papers, and volumes of clippings chiefly concerning domestic and foreign affairs. Originals at Minnesota Historical Society. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Bliss Lane papers, 1904-1957; R. C. Leffingwell papers, 1883-1979; Lincoln Ellsworth papers, 1921-1928; Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1885-1955; Paul Moritz Warburg papers, 1904-1932; and James Rockwell Sheffield papers, 1768-1969.

  • Bryn-Jones, David. Frank B. Kellogg, A Biography. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1937.
  • Cleaver, Charles G. "Frank B. Kellogg: Attitudes and Assumptions Influencing His Foreign Policy Decisions.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1956.
  • Kreuter, Kent, and Gretchen Kreuter. "Frank B. Kellogg and the Practice of Law in Dakota Territory.'' North Dakota History 37 (Winter 1970): 57-62.
  • Neubeck, Deborah Kahn, ed. Frank B. Kellogg Papers. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1977-1978. Microfilm. 54 reels and guide.
  • Stuhler, Barbara. "The Impassionate Diplomacy of Frank B. Kellogg.'' In Ten Men of Minnesota and American Foreign Policy 1898-1968, pp. 99-122. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1973.